||William Wentworth was an Australian explorer.|
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In 1813 William Wentworth, Gregory Blaxland and William Lawson found a route across the Blue Mountains west of Sydney and opened up the grazing lands of inland New South Wales
William Charles Wentworth was the son of Catherine Crowley and D'Arcy Wentworth. D'Arcy was a distant cousin of the aristocratic Wentworth family. He was born in Ireland in 1762, but had left to train as a surgeon in London. After being acquitted four times of highway robbery, to avoid a further prosecution D'Arcy took the position of assistant surgeon to the new colony of New South Wales and sailed on the Neptune. On board the ship was a seventeen year old girl from Ireland, who was being transported to Sydney and who was convicted at the Staffordshire Assizes in July 1788 of feloniously stealing wearing apparel and sheets from her employer, she was sentenced to transportation for seven years, arrived Sydney on the Neptune in June 1790, the Neptune arrived in Sydney as part of the Second Fleet, then sent to Norfolk Island with the infant William on the Surprize 7 August 1790.
William Wentworth arrived in Sydney in 1796 , with his parents, D'Arcy and Catherine. The family lived at Parramatta, where his father became a landowner. He was sent to England in 1802 , where he was educated at a school in London. He returned to Sydney in 1810, where he was appointed acting Provost-Marshall by Governor Lachlan Macquarie, and given a land grant of 1,750 acres (7 km2)on the Nepean River.
In 1813 William Wentworth , Gregory Blaxland and William Lawson, four servants, four horses, and five dogs, , started a expedition to find a route across the Blue Mountains west of Sydney which would also open up the grazing lands.
Wentworth kept a journal of the exploration which begins by describing the first day of the journey
On the Eleventh of May our party consisting of Mr. Gregory Blaxland, Lieutenant Lawson and Myself with four servants quitted Mr. Gregory Blaxlands farm on the South Creek and on the 29th of the June Month descended from the Mountain into forest land having travelled as nearly as I can compute about 60 Miles from Mr. Chapmans farm on the Nepean River although I do not imagine that we made more than 40 Miles of Westing.
At the end of their twenty-one-day passage, as he later wrote
The boundless champaign burst upon our sight Till nearer seen the beauteous landscape grew, Op'ning like Canaan on rapt Israel's view.
In his journal, Wentworth describes the landscapes they were exploring
A country of so singular a description could in my opinion only have been produced by some Mighty convulsion in Nature – Those immense unconnected perpendicular Masses of Mountain which are to be seen towards its Eastern Extremity towering above the Country around, seem to indicate that the whole of this tract has been formed out of the Materials of the primitive mountains of which these masses are the only parts that have withstood the violence of the concussion
The town of Wentworth Falls in the Blue Mountains is named after him and as were Blaxland and Lawson he was granted another 1,000 acres (4.0 km2).William Wentworth returned to England in 1816. There he was admitted to the bar, travelled in Europe, and studied at Cambridge University.
In 1819 Wentworth published the first book written by an Australian
A Statistical, Historical, and Political Description of the Colony of New South Wales and Its Dependent Settlements in Van Diemen's Land, With a Particular Enumeration of the Advantages Which These Colonies Offer for Emigration and Their Superiority in Many Respects Over Those Possessed by the United States of America
In 1822 William Wentworth had completed his legal studies and was called to the bar. In 1823 he was admitted to Peterhouse, Cambridge. In 1823 he also published an epic poem Australasia, which contains lines now famous in Australia
And, O Britannia!... may this — thy last-born infant — then arise
To glad thy heart, and greet thy parent eyes
And Australasia float, with flag unfurl’d
A new Britannia in another world!
William Wentworth returned to Sydney in 1824, with Robert Wardell.his father D'Arcy Wentworth died in 1827 and William inherited his property, he became one of the wealthiest men in the colony, on one of his trips back to England William Wentworth died but at his request his body was returned to Sydney for burial.
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William is 33 degrees from Rosa Parks, 24 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 22 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.