Alfred (Wessex) of Wessex
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Ælfred (Wessex) of Wessex (abt. 0849 - 0899)

Ælfred (Alfred) "Alfred the Great, King of the West Saxons and Anglo-Saxons" of Wessex formerly Wessex
Born about in Wantage, Berkshire, Wessex, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 0868 in Winchester, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Winchester, Hampshire, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 2 Jan 2011
This page has been accessed 39,099 times.
British Aristocracy
Alfred (Wessex) of Wessex was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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The House of Wessex crest.
Alfred (Wessex) of Wessex is a member of the House of Wessex.
Preceded by
Æthelred
King of the West Saxons
23 Apr 871 – 26 Oct 899
Succeeded by
Edward "the Elder"

Contents

Biography

Alfred the Great succeeded his brother, Athelred (d.871). He is known for protecting Wessex from the Viking invasion, but never became, "king of all the English," since the Danes held most of the North and the East.[1]
He pushed back the Viking incursions, and relieved neighboring kingdoms from the Danish threat, following his victory at the Battle of Ethandun in 878.[2] He re-established Anglo-Saxon rule over the western half of Mercia. The introduction of Danelaw divided Mercia in half, giving control of the eastern portion to the Danes.[3]

Vitals

Ælfred (Alfred) "The Great" of Wessex[4][5]
Rex Anglorum et Saxonum (King of the English and Saxons)
b. c.847 Wantage (?)[1]
d. 26 Oct 899 Winchester (?)[1][6]
bur. Winchester[1]
reinterred: 1110 Hyde Abbey[7]

Alfred the Great was originally buried at Old Minster, Winchester, later moved to New Minster and then Hyde Abbey. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burial_places_of_British_royalty

Parents

Æthelwulf and Osburh m. abt 837[8] Issue: 6[9]
  • Alfred the Great[14]
  • Æthelswith m. Burgred, King of Mercia.[15]

Marriage and Issue

m. 868 Ealhswith[1][16] Issue: 5 or 6.
  • Edward the Elder[17] (c. 874 -17 July 924) m.1 Ecgwynn; m.2 Ælfflæd; m.3 919 Eadgifu
  • Æthelflæd, Lady of the Mercians (d.12 Jun 918) m. Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians
  • Æthelgifu, Abbess of Shaftesbury[18]
  • Æthelweard (d.16 Oct 922?)
  • Ælfthryth or Elfreda (d.929) m. Baldwin II, Count of Flanders[1] (d. 918)[19]

Timeline

871: King of the West Saxons[20]
By 886: captured London.[21]
after 878: Treaty of Wedmore[1]
after 878 - 885: Peace mostly reigned[22]
893 - 897: war with Danes of East Anglia[1]

Research Notes

The following children are currently linked on Wikitree; some are verified as children of Alfred and others are not:

Verified

  1. Æthelflæda of Wessex, daughter, born 869. Æthelflæd, Lady of the Mercians (d.12 Jun 918) m. Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians
  2. Eadweard of Wessex, son, born 871. of England. Edward the Elder[23] (c. 874 -17 July 924) m.1 Ecgwynn; m.2 Ælfflæd; m.3 919 Eadgifu
  3. Æthelgifu of Wessex, daughter, born 875. Æthelgifu, Abbess of Shaftesbury[24]
  4. Ælfthryth of Wessex, daughter, born 877. Ælfthryth or Elfreda (d.929) m. Baldwin II, Count of Flanders[1] (d. 918)[25]
  5. Æthelweard of Wessex. son, born 879. England Æthelweard (d.16 Oct 922?)

Not Verified

  1. Eadmund of Wessex, son, born 873
  2. Edward Cumbe, son, born 874
  3. Athelstan of Wessex, son, born 878. Probably same as Aethelstan of Wessex, King of England, who was son of Edward the Elder and grandson of Alfred.

Ancestry: Extract from Life of Alfred

[page 4] [I Alfred’s Birth and Royal Descednt] AD 849 In the year of the Incarnation of the Lord, 849, Alfred, king of the Anglo-Saxons was born at the royal estate which is called Wantage in the region which is called Berkshire. That region is so called from Berroc Wood where the box-tree grows most abundantly. His genealogy is constructed in the following way: King Alfred was the son of King Aethelwulf, who was the son of Ecgberht, who was the son of Ealhmund, who was the son of Eafa, who was the son of Eoppa, who was the son of Ingild. Ingild and Ine – that famous king of the West Saxons – were two full brothers. Of these, Ine made the journey to Rome and there ending this present life honorably, he went to the heavenly country to reign with Christ. They were the sons of Cenred, who was the son of Ceolwald, who was the son of Cuda, who was the son of Cuthwine, who was the son of Ceawlin, who [page 4] Who was the son of Cynric, who was the son of Creoda, who was the son of Cerdic, who was the son of Elesa (who was the son of Esla) who was the son of Gewis, from whom the Britons all all that people the Gegwis. Gewis was the son [of Wig, who was the son of Freawine, who was the son of Freothegar] who was the son of Brond, who was the son of Beldaeg, who was the son of Woden, who was the son of Frithowald, who was the son of Freleaf, who was the son of Frithuwulf, who was the son of Finn [who was the son of ] Godwulf, who was the son of Beata. This Geata the pagans for a long time worshipped as a god. Of him the poet Sedulius makes mention in his Paschal Hymn, saying thus: “Seeing that Pagan poets strive to parade their fictitious tales in bombastic measures and with tragedy’s wailing, or with [comedy’s] ridiculous Geta, or [page 4] By means of whatever kind of poetic art you like, they renew the raging contagion of abominable deeds and sing of monumental wickedness, and in scholarly manger they relate many lies in Egyptian books. This Geata was the son of Taetwa, who was the son of Beaw, who was the son of Sceldwea, who was the son of heremod, who was the son of Itermod, who was the [page 5] Son of Hathra, who was the son of Hwala who was the son of Bedwig, who was the son of Seth, who was the son of Noah, who was the son of Lamech, who was the son of Methuselah, who was the son of Enoch, [who was the son of Jared], who was the son of M[eh]alaleel, who was the son of Cainan, who was the son of Enos, who was the son of Seth, who was the son of Adam. [2 Alfred’s Maternal Kindred] Concerning the genealogy of his mother, Alfred’s mother was called Osburh, a deeply religious woman who was noble in character as well as by birth. She was the daughter of Oslac, the famous cup-bearer of Aethelwulf. This Oslac was a Goth by race, for he was descended from the Goths and Jutes, namely from the line of Stuf and Wihtgar, two brothers and also ealdormen [page 5] Who received rule over the Isle of Wight from their uncle, King Cerdic, and from his son Cynric, their cousin. They slew a few nearby British inhabitants of the island, as many as they were able to findon it, at a place called Guuihtgaraburhg. The other inhabitants of the island had either already been slain or had fled as exiles. [page 95] The author names King Alfred’s mother as Osburh, daughter of Oslac, but his information on her ancestry (Chapter2) has all the appearance of genealogical invention. We are told that Oslac was a descendant of two legendary brothers, Stuf and Wihtgar, the Jutish colonisers of the Isle of Wight. The information offered on these supposed ancestors is based on a conflation of two Chronicle entries for the years 530 and 534 [page 96] And no details are offered as to how Alfred’s ninth-century maternal grandfather might have been connected with sixth-century legendary heroes. Oslac is said in the Life to have been ‘the famous butler (famosi pincernae)’ of King Aethelwulf of Wessex. Even Stevenson admitted that ‘there is…great difficulty about the mention of a great nobleman holding this office at the time when the burnt Cottonian manuscript of this work was written.’ [page 96] And no details are offered as to how Alfred’s ninth-century maternal grandfather might have been connected with sixth-century legendary heroes. Oslac is said in the Life to have been ‘the famous butler (famosi pincernae)’ of King Aethelwulf of Wessex. Even Stevenson admitted that ‘there is…great difficulty about the mention of a great nobleman holding this office at the time when the burnt Cottonian manuscript of this work was written.’ [26]

Double Check Citations

DOUBLE CHECK CITATIONS

--?

Hughes of Gwerclas 1/2/3/4:

http://www.maximiliangenealogy.co.uk/burke1/Royal%20Descents/hughesofgwerclas_1.htm

http://www.maximiliangenealogy.co.uk/burke1/Royal%20Descents/hughesofgwerclas_2.htm

http://www.maximiliangenealogy.co.uk/burke1/Royal%20Descents/hughesofgwerclas_3.htm

http://www.maximiliangenealogy.co.uk/burke1/Royal%20Descents/hughesofgwerclas_4.htm

Asser (1969), "Life of King Alfred", in J. A. Giles, Memorials of King Alfred: being essays on the history and antiquities of England during the ninth century, the age of King Alfred, by various authors, Burt Franklin research & source works series (287), New York: Burt Franklin

Asser (1983), "Life of King Alfred", in Keynes, Simon; Lapidge, Michael, Alfred the Great: Asser's Life of King Alfred & Other Contemporary Sources, Penguin Classics, pp. 67–112

Attenborough, F.L. Tr., ed. (1922). The laws of the earliest English kings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Ashley, 2008
  2. a.k.a. Battle of Edington btw 06 - 12 May AD 878
  3. Category: 9th Century
  4. References:
    1. Anglo-Saxon Bishops, Kings & Nobles, Eng. 104, p. 300, 342, 343
    2. Royal Line of Succession, A16-A225, p. 6
    3. Hist. Eng. P, 1949, pref. p. 151
    4. George's Hist. Tab., Eng. 102, Tab. 1
    5. Keiser und Koenig Hist., Gen. Hist. 25, pt. 1, p. 96, 97
    6. Anderson's Royal Genealogies, Eng. 130, p. 738
    7. The Plantagenet Ancestry, Eng. 116, p. 21
  5. Alfred is the only English King to be called "The Great."
  6. Wikipedia; cause unknown: possibly poor health / Crohn's disease (Alfred the Great- a diagnosis. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov).
  7. thought new Minister was built for his remains, so he was reinterred there. Reburied by monks when Minister moved to Hyde Abbey, along with wife and kids in great procession. See: Summary of Hyde Community Archaeology Project.
    Wed 27 Mar: bones exhumed. kept by church while academia verifies remains. See Guardian.
  8. alias: Osburga; dau. Oslac
  9. 5 sons, 1 dau. Each son, except Æthelstan, succeeded to the throne.
  10. King of Kent, Prince of Wessex
    received Kent, Essex, Surrey and Sussex
    Æthelstan is not Athelstan the Glorious.
  11. King of England, b. ABT 834, King of Wessex
  12. King of England, b. ABT 836, King of Wessex
  13. King of England, b. CIR 840 King of Wessex
  14. King West Saxons, b. 849
  15. child bride
  16. Father: Mercian nobleman (Ashley, 2008), Æthelred Mucil, Ealdorman of the Gaini. Mother: Eadburh, member of the Mercian royal family (Ashely, 2008).
  17. King of the West Saxons: 899-924 (Ashley, 2008)
  18. Wikipedia: Shaftesbury Abbey
  19. mother was Osburga dau. Oslac of the Isle of Wight, Chief Butler of England.
  20. when his brother, Ethelred, died.
  21. after 878AD regarded as "overlord of the English" (Ashely, 2008).
  22. Except for 885 AD skirmish with Danes (Ashley, 2008).
  23. King of the West Saxons: 899-924 (Ashley, 2008)
  24. Wikipedia: Shaftesbury Abbey
  25. mother was Osburga dau. Oslac of the Isle of Wight, Chief Butler of England.
  26. Alfred P. Smyth. The Medieval Life of King Alfred the Great: A Translation and commentary on the Text Attributed to Asser. Palgrave, 2002. ISBN 978-1-349-40228-1. Pages 4,5, 95. Accessed 10/9/2019 jhd

(Editors Note: Ashley and Searle are verified sources, and used as parentheticals. They do not belong under "See also.")

Ashley, M. (2008). A Brief History of British Kings and Queens, (pp.29 - 32). Philadelphia: Running Press Book Publishers. Print.
Searle, W.G. (1899). Anglo-Saxon Bishops, Kings, and Nobles, (pp.343). Cambridge University Press. London: C.J. Clay & Sons. archive.org.
Burke, Bernard. Royal Descents and Pedigrees of Founders Kin (Harrison, London, 1864) Page 1-9


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Comments: 13

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Super profile!!! Thank you for all of your efforts!
posted by Scott Lee
Cumbe-3 and Wessex-33 appear to represent the same person because: Wessex-33 is a project profile and would like the project to determine correct LNAB for the merge
posted by Robin Lee
Cumbe-3 and Wessex-33 are not ready to be merged because: To resolve last name details to match the wikitree rules?
posted by Robert Richards
Cumbe-3 and Wessex-33 appear to represent the same person because: same birth, same death, same wife, same person
posted by Helen (Coleman) Ford
Of Wessex-267 and Wessex-33 are not ready to be merged because: Fathers dates conflict needs to be resolved first.
posted by Tim Perry
Of Wessex-267 and Wessex-33 appear to represent the same person because: same name, same time frame, same location,
who was alfreds father,do you know
Unknown-241351 and Wessex-33 appear to represent the same person because: Dates are similar, must be intended to be the same person.
posted by John Atkinson
My 34th Great Grandfather,
posted by Bob Brodie
Atheling-99 and Wessex-33 appear to represent the same person because: Same person.
posted by [Living Thompson]

Alfred is 31 degrees from Jaki Erdoes, 29 degrees from Wallis Windsor and 19 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.