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John Wheeler (bef. 1591 - abt. 1670)

John Wheeler aka Wheler, Wheelar, Wheller
Born before in Salisbury, Wiltshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 1 Dec 1611 in Salisbury, Wiltshire, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died about in Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap
Profile last modified | Created 14 Apr 2010
This page has been accessed 10,511 times.
The Puritan Great Migration.
John Wheeler migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).
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Contents

Biography

This is the profile for John Wheeler of Newbury, Massachusetts who made his will on March 28, 1668.

Parentage; Date and Place of Birth

John was the son of Dominicke Wheeler and Mercye (Jellye) Wheeler) of Salisbury, England.[1] His paternal parentage is established by, among other evidence, (1) John Wheeler of Newbury's will (transcribed below), which refers to children whose names match those of the children of a John Wheeler who were baptized in Salisbury, England, and which describes two of his sons as living in Salisbury, England, (2) the fact that several of the baptismal records in Salisbury, England for John Wheeler's children refer to him as "John Wheeler alias Dominy,"[2] with "Dominy" being a patronymic for Dominicke, (3) the 1615 will of Dominicke Wheeler of Salisbury, which refers to his son John, John's wife "Annes" (a common spelling variation of Agnes) and John's sons Edward and John, which matches the names of John Wheeler, his wife and only then-living children,[3] and (4) a record of the baptism at St. Edmund's, Salisbury on November 4, 1591 of John, the son of Dominicke Wheeler.[4][5][1] John's maternal parentage is based on a record of the marriage in 1588 of Dominicke Wheeler and Mercye Jellye and the fact that Dominicke Wheeler's will refers to his wife Mercy.[3] Based on the November 4, 1591 baptismal record John Wheeler was very probably born shortly before November 4, 1591, in Salisbury, England.

Marriage and Children

John married Agnes/Annes Yeoman at St. Edmund's in Salisbury, England on December 1, 1611.[4][6][1]

John and Agnes/Annes had the following children, all baptized at either St. Edmund's or St. Thomas' in Salisbury, England (except possibly George, for whom no baptismal record has been found):

  1. Edward, bpt. February 12, 1612/3 at St. Thomas', m. May 1, 1634 Elizabeth Collins at St. Thomas', living in Salisbury, England in 1668, bur. perhaps August 13, 1694 in Wiltshire, England. (See discussion and sources in Edward's profile.)
  2. John, bpt. October 11, 1614 at St. Edmund's, m. May 6, 1640 Mary Collins in Salisbury, England, d. probably in Salisbury, England before 1668. (See discussion and sources in John's profile.)
  3. Adam, bpt. December 5, 1616 at St. Edmund's, m. about 1642 probably in or near Salisbury, England, living in Salisbury, England in 1668, bur. probably September 1, 1699 in Salisbury, England. (See discussion and sources in Adam's profile.)
  4. Elizabeth, bpt. January 10, 1618/9 at St. Edmund's,[7][8][9] m. 1st Thomas Duston,[9] m. 2d June 9, 1663 Matthias Button in Haverhill[9]
  5. Ann, bpt. May 13, 1621 at St. Edmund's, m. about 1644 Aquila Chase in Hampton, Massachusetts Bay Colony, m. 2d June 14, 1672 Daniel Musilloway in Newbury, Massachusetts Bay Colony, d. April 21, 1687 in Newbury, Massachusetts Bay Colony. (See discussion and sources in Ann's profile.)
  6. William, bpt. September 18, 1623 at St. Thomas', m. probably about 1653 Margaret ________ in or near Salisbury, England, living in England in 1668, d. probably after 1673 in or near Salisbury, England. (See discussion and sources in William's profile.)
  7. David, bpt. January 18, 1625/6 at St. Thomas',[10] m. May 11, 1650 Sarah Wyth/Wise in Newbury[9]
  8. Mercy, bpt. February 2, 1627/8 at St. Thomas',[11][12] living in 1668
  9. Thomas, bpt. December 13, 1629 at St. Thomas',[13] m. probably 1st about 1656 Margaret ________ in or near Salisbury, England, living in 1668, m. probably 2d July 24, 1671 Grace Collins at St. Thomas', Salisbury, England, bur. perhaps February 9, 1699/1700 in Salisbury, England. (See discussion and sources in Thomas' profile.)
  10. Roger, bpt. February 20, 1631/2 at St. Thomas',[14] m. 1st December 7, 1653 Mary Wilson,[9] m. 2d November 23, 1659 widow Mary Stone in Boston[9]
  11. George, say 1633,[15] m. April 30, 1660 Susanna Sowers,[9] d. before May 23, 1668 (date of inventory of estate)[9]
  12. Henry, bpt. February 8, 1634/5 at St. Edmund's,[16][17][9] m. about 1659 Abigail Allen[9]

Occupation

John was a "barber", as noted in both several of his children's baptismal records in England[18] and a land record in New England.[19] At the time, barbers were still quasi-medical professionals and, in addition to cutting hair and giving shaves, also generally performed a number of medical and dental procedures, including blood letting, cupping, lancing boils and cysts, and extracting teeth.[20]

Immigration; Initial Settlement in New England

John's date of immigration is uncertain. A list dated March 24, 1633/4 of persons who had taken the Oath of Supremacy & Allegiance to pass to New England on the Mary & John of London included a "John Wheyler."[21] Savage,[22] Pope[23] and others[24] thought that that record related to this profile's John Wheeler and that he had immigrated to New England aboard the Mary & John in 1634. However, Walter Goodwin Davis, having seen the St. Edmund's baptismal records, stated in The Ancestry of Annis Spear that this profile's John Wheeler could not have been the John Wheyler who sailed on the Mary & John in 1634 because this profile's John Wheeler's son Henry was baptized at St. Edmund's in February 1635.[25]

Although it is no doubt correct that this profile's John Wheeler did not emigrate to New England in 1634 aboard the Mary & John, it is still reasonably plausible that he was the "John Whelyer" on the March 24, 1633/4 Mary & John list. As was typical, the list was a list of persons approved to emigrate on the Mary & John in 1634, not a list of those who actually embarked. No evidence has been found that the "John Whelyer" on the list actually immigrated to New England in 1634.[26] According to Anderson, when there is no New England record for a person on a passenger list, it may mean that they changed their minds at the last moment and remained in England.[27]

The first record of John's presence in New England is a Salisbury, Massachusetts town record dated November 7, 1639 of the grant of a houselot to William Hooke, abutting John Wheeler's lot on the south.[28] From this, it appears most likely that John emigrated in 1639 (or perhaps a bit earlier) and initially settled in New England at Salibury. The 1914 Genealogical and Encyclopedic History of the Wheeler Family claimed that John (after immigrating on the Mary & John) spent 1634 in Aggawam (now Ipswich) before moving to Salisbury in 1635.[24] Davis, in The Ancestry of Annis Spear, on the other hand claimed that John first went to Hampton before going to Salisbury in 1641.[29] No evidence, however, has been found to support those claims: no evidence has been found that indicates that John was in either Ipswich or Hampton prior to Salisbury, and (as stated above) the first evidence of John in Salisbury is from 1639, not 1635 or 1641.

When John immigrated, he probably came with his wife Agnes/Annes and most, but not all, of his children. As discussed in their profiles, (1) sons Edward, John and Adam (who would have been 26, 24 and 22, respectively, when John immigrated in 1639) appear to have stayed in Salisbury, (2) son William (who would have been 15 in the 1639) may or may not have immigrated to New England with John, but returned to England, probably before 1653, and (3) son Thomas (who would have been only 9) probably immigrated with John, but also appears to have returned to England by the mid-1650s. Son David (who would have been 12) is generally believed to have immigrated in 1638 (probably a year before John and his family) as a servant to John Ludwell. The remainder of John's children -- Elizabeth, Ann, Mercy, Roger, George and Henry -- all immigrated to New England, presumably with John and Agnes/Annes, and remained.

Residency in Salisbury and Newbury

As mentioned above, John had land in Salisbury by the fall of 1639. His houselot in Salisbury was on the west side of the road to Hampton,[30] as shown on the attached map of Salisbury circa 1641. By 1650, however, John had moved south across the Merrimack River to Newbury.

Few records have been found of John in either Salisbury or Newbury. Set forth below are all the records found to date:

  • 1639. A Salisbury town record dated November 7, 1639 of the grant of a houselot to William Hooke refers to the land as abutting John Wheeler's lot on the south.[28]
  • 1650. William Hooke of Salisbury, planter, conveyed to Jno. Wheelar of Newbury, barber, an island of seven acres, on Merrimack River, 1650. Ms. Elnor Hooke and Jno. Wheeler consented to it 11: 2 mo: 1654, in Salisbury court.[31]
  • 1650. At a General Court of Elections held at Boston on October 15, 1650, the petition of William Palmer for divorce from his wife Ellinor due to her deserting him and living in marriage with William Pope of Salisbury, England, was granted based on the supporting testimony of Christopher Batt and John Wheeler, formerly of Salisbury, England and now in New England.[32]
  • 1651. John Wheeler was included on a list of inhabitants of Newbury with commonage rights, prepared by a town committee appointed on March 1, 1651.[33]
  • 1651. Master William Snelling of Newbery was presented on September 30, 1651 for toasting "As for our fooes a plage on theare heeles and a pox on theare tooes." Wit: Master Miler, John Wheller and Master William Thomas.[34]
  • 1654. A Quarter Court at Ipswich on September 26, 1654, recorded (1) a petition of the inhabitants of Newbury (including John Wheeler) to the General Court requesting that Lt. Robert Pike of Salsbury, who had been censured by the General Court for "letting fall some words", be restored to his former liberty and (2) after having been called on the carpet by an offended Court, the apologies of many of the petitioners (including John Wheeler) to the Court for having made the petition.[35]

Wife's Death

John's wife's Agnes/Annes/Anne died in Newbury on August 15, 1662.[36]

Will

John made the following will on March 28, 1668:

Bee it knowne unto all men by theise psents, th[at I] John Wheeler of Newb[erie] in the county of Essex in Newengland Massachusets co[nsider]ing my old age & [my owne] weakness, being in health of body and of pfect me[mory] through gods mercy hereby make my last will and testament, comend[ing] my soule [in]to the hands of my blessed Redeemer Jesus Christ and my body to be buryed in the burying place of Newbury (whensoever it shall please god to take me hence by death) in hopes of a blessed Resurrection. And for my worldly goods I dispose [as] followeth first I give and bequeath unto my Son David Wheeler ten pounds of that debt which hee owes mee, 2dly I give to my Sonne Edward wheeler of the Citty of Salisbury in the Realme of England ten pounds of which he is to pay three pounds and ten shillings to the chamber of the Citty aforesaid, Also I give & bequeath to my Son Adam [Wheeler of] the said Citty forty shillings A[lso I give] to my son [Thomas Wheeler forty] shillings And also I give to my son [Will]iam wheeler forty sh[illings] in case he shall come over into this country, Also I give to my daught[er] Mercy forty shillings, And to my daughter Elizabeth Button I give four pounds, Also I give to my daughter Anne Chase four pounds, and to my Daughter in Law Susanna wheller four pound, twenty shillings apeice to all theise my children, of this estate was given them by thei[r] mother which is included in the severall summs above exprest I give and bequeath to my Son Georgs children Ephraim wheeler & s[amll] Wheeler four pounds apeice that is eight pounds between them [when] they shalbe of the age of one and twenty to be paid by my Execu[tor]. I give to my son Roger wheelers Daughter Mary Wheeler [three] pounds to be paid to her when she shall be of the age of [eighteen years] And to her Brother Joseph wheeler I give forty shillings [when hee shalbe] of the age of one & twenty years, And to my daughter El[izabeths chil]dren forty shillings apeice, To Thomas forty shillings to be [payd to] him when he shalbe of the age of one & twenty & to mary [forty shill]ings & to Elizabeth forty shillings when they shalbe Eight[een years] of age. All theise Legacyes are to be paid in New england in [such] pay as my Estate I leave wilbee due to my executor [in which] he shall receive it, And the Legacyes abovementioned which is to my children shalbe paid within one whole yeare after my decease but those of my Grandchildren to be the use of my Executor untill they shalbee of the ages abovementioned, Also I give the Land to my daughter in law Susanne my son Georgs wife which I gave to her husband which he built [upon] as it is inclos[ed], Also I appoint my Son Henry wheeler to be sole Executor of this my Last will & testament And to have all the rest of my goods & chattells undisposed of my debts & funerall being discharged march 28, 1668.
John Wheeler
Witness: Anthony Somerby, Augustinn Stedman, Roger Steedman, Beniamine Lowle, Jonathan Woodman[37][38][29]

Death

According to the Genealogical and Encyclopedic History of the Wheeler Family, John died in Newbury on August 29, 1670.[24] Although the date seems plausible, no record supporting that (or any other) precise date of death or burial has been found. Since John's will was proved in Hampton court on October 11, 1670,[37] he died before that date, very probably earlier in 1670. No doubt based on the probate record, Hoyt's Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury states that John died in 1670,[39][40] while Davis' The Ancestry of Annis Spear cites the date of probate without suggesting any date of death.[25]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Davis, Walter Goodwin. The Ancestry of Annis Spear 1775-1858 of Litchfield, Maine. 1945. p. 133. Link to page at hathitrust.org.
  2. 2.0 2.1 See the image of the baptismal record for daughter Mercy on her profile and the transcriptions of the baptismal records for sons William and Roger.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 See the profile for Dominicke Wheeler.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Parish registers of St. Edmunds, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England. FHL Film # 1279311. Viewable at Family History Centers. See image attached to this profile.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J7DW-RZ9 : 10 February 2018, John Wheeler, ); citing 2:3MR7766, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,279,311.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Wiltshire Church of England Parish Registers, Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre, Chippenham, Wiltshire, England.Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre; Chippenham, Wiltshire, England; Reference Number: 1901/1 Link to image of register at Ancestry.com.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Parish registers of St. Edmunds, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England. FHL Film # 1279311. Viewable at Family History Centers. See image on the profile for Elizabeth Wheeler.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NDBB-6TR : 10 February 2018, Elizabeth Wheeler, ); citing item 1, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,279,311.
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 Davis, Walter Goodwin. The Ancestry of Annis Spear 1775-1858 of Litchfield, Maine. 1945. p. 135. Link to page at hathitrust.org.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J7DW-8VF : 10 February 2018, David Wheeler, ); citing item 3, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,279,310.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Bishop's transcripts for St. Thomas' Church, Salisbury, 1599-1880. FHL Film #1279424. Viewable at Family History Centers. See image on the profile for Mercy Wheeler.
  12. 12.0 12.1 "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J7DW-DMQ : 10 February 2018, Marcy Wheeler Or Dominy, ); citing item 3, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,279,310.
  13. 13.0 13.1 "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NRGF-SYQ : 10 February 2018, Thomas Wheeler, ); citing item 3, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,279,310.
  14. 14.0 14.1 "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NDBL-LYJ : 10 February 2018, Roger Wheeler Or Domine, ); citing item 3, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,279,310.
  15. Based on date of marriage and available gap in siblings' births.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Bishop's transcripts for St. Thomas' Church, Salisbury, 1599-1880. FHL Film #1279424. Viewable at Family History Centers. See image on the profile for Henry Wheeler.
  17. 17.0 17.1 "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NBGJ-LVS : 10 February 2018, Henry Wheller, ); citing item 1, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,279,311.
  18. 18.0 18.1 See the images of the baptismal records for son Adam and daughters Elizabeth and Ann on their profiles.
  19. 19.0 19.1 Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County, Massachusetts. Volume I 1636-1656. The Essex Institute, 1911. p. 115. Link to page at hathitrust.org.
  20. 20.0 20.1 "Worshipful Company of Barbers," wikipedia.org
  21. 21.0 21.1 Drake, Samuel G. Result of Some Researches Among the British Archives for Information Relative to the Founders of New England: Made in the Years 1858, 1859 and 1860. 1860. p. 70. Link to page at archive.org.
  22. 22.0 22.1 Savage, James. A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, Showing Three Generations of Those Who Came Before May, 1692, on the Basis of Farmer's Register. Vol. IV. Little, Brown and Company, 1862. p. 497. Link to page at hathitrust.org.
  23. 23.0 23.1 Pope, Charles Henry. The Pioneers of Massachusetts, A Descriptive List, Drawn from Records of the Colonies, Towns and Churches, and other Contemporaneous Documents. 1900. p. 489. Link to page at archive.org.
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 Wheeler, Albert Gallatin. The Genealogical and Encyclopedic History of the Wheeler Family in America. American College of Genealogy, 1914. p. 394. Link to page at archive.org.
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 Davis, Walter Goodwin. The Ancestry of Annis Spear 1775-1858 of Litchfield, Maine. 1945. pp. 133-134. Link to pages at hathitrust.org.
  26. 26.0 26.1 Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume VII, T-Y. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2011. p. 324. Link to page at americanancestors.org.
  27. 27.0 27.1 See "Scope" in the Introduction to Robert Charles Anderson's The Great Migration Directory. Immigrants to New England, 1620-1640. A Concise Compendium. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2015.
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 "Sorting Out the Wheelers." Great Migration Newsletter. Vol. 24, No. 1. p. 1 (citing Salisbury Town Records 1:10). Link to page at americanancestors.org.
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 Davis, Walter Goodwin. The Ancestry of Annis Spear 1775-1858 of Litchfield, Maine. 1945. p. 134. Link to page at hathitrust.org.
  30. 30.0 30.1 Merrill, Joseph. History of Amesbury Including the First Seventeen Years of Salisbury to the Separation in 1654: and Merrimac from Its Incorporation in 1876. 1880. p. 13. Link to page at archive.org.
  31. 31.0 31.1 "Old Norfolk County Records." The Essex Antiquarian. Volume I. p. 115. Link to page at hathitrust.org.
  32. 32.0 32.1 Shurtleff, Nathaniel B. Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England. Vol. IV. Part I. 1650-1660. 1854. p.32. Link to page at hathitrust.org.
  33. 33.0 33.1 Currier, John J. History of Newbury, Mass. 1635-1902. Damrell & Upham, 1902. p. 93. Link to page at archive.org.
  34. 34.0 34.1 Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County, Massachusetts. Volume I 1636-1656. The Essex Institute, 1911. p. 250. Link to page at hathitrust.org.
  35. 35.0 35.1 Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County, Massachusetts. Volume I 1636-1656. The Essex Institute, 1911. pp. 366-367. Link to page at hathitrust.org.
  36. 36.0 36.1 Vital Records of Newbury, Massachusetts to the End of the Year 1849. Volume II. Marriages and Deaths. The Essex Institute. 1911. p. 748. Link to page at hathitrust.org.
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 The Probate Records of Essex County, Massachusetts, Volume II 1665-1674. The Essex Institute, 1917. pp. 200-201. Link to pages at hathitrust.org.
  38. 38.0 38.1 Wheeler, Albert Gallatin. The Genealogical and Encyclopedic History of the Wheeler Family in America. American College of Genealogy, 1914. pp. 394-5. Link to pages at archive.org.
  39. 39.0 39.1 Hoyt, David W. The Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury, Mass., with some Related Families of Newbury, Haverhill, Ipswich, and Hampton. Part One. 1897. pp. 353-354. Link to pages at hathitrust.org.
  40. 40.0 40.1 Hoyt, David W. The Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury, Mass., with some Related Families of Newbury, Haverhill, Ipswich, and Hampton, and of York County, Maine. Volume III. 1916. p. 1022. Link to page at hathitrust.org.

See also:

  • Libby, Charles T. Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire, Vol. 5. p. 743. Link to volume at familysearch.org.
  • Roberts, Gary Boyd. Notable Kin, Volume One. 1998. p. 120.
  • Torrey, Clarence Almon. New England Marriages Prior to 1700. Vol. III. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2011. p. 1637. Link to page at americanancestors.org.
  • Hillick, Martin E. New Englanders in the 1600s: A Guide to Genealogical Research Published Between 1890 and 2005. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2006. p. 213. (WHEELER, JOHN, b. 1611, d. Newbury, Mass., between 28 March 1668 and 11 October 1670. Davis III:604-6 [Annis Spear], including English origins; EB, pp. 586-90; Stevens, 6.)
  • Hoyt, David W. The Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury, Mass., with some Related Families of Newbury, Haverhill, Ipswich, and Hampton. Part One. 1897. pp. 353-354. Link to pages at hathitrust.org.
  • Hoyt, David W. The Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury, Mass., with some Related Families of Newbury, Haverhill, Ipswich, and Hampton, and of York County, Maine. Volume III. 1916. p. 1022. Link to page at hathitrust.org.
  • Find A Grave: Memorial #30548361 No stone, No Burial information.


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Comments: 4

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Interesting to note that, per discussion in "Immigration", although John almost certainly did not immigrate in 1634 aboard the "Mary & John", that may still have been his name on the "passenger" list rather than it being a different John Wheeler.
posted by Chase Ashley
Just a heads up that I am going to be working on this profile, fleshing out and sourcing the various sections and adding a chronology of records.
posted by Chase Ashley
There was more than one early immigrant named John Wheeler. John Wheeler of Salisbury, Wiltshire, that married Agnes Yeoman, however, this is not the John Wheeler who came in 1633/4. This profile needs some corrections as the nothing much seems to be know of the John who came in 1633/4 - after his arrival.

See GM Newsletter:Vol. 24: 2015: p. 97 (subscription)https://www.americanancestors.org/databases/great-migration-newsletter-v1-25/image?volumeId=53625&pageName=97&rId=1423763010

posted by Chris Hoyt
Wheeler-3398 and Wheeler-36 appear to represent the same person because: These two profiles are the same person, having the same wife. #36 has all the detailed information but just did not list his son John.
posted by Rebecca Mitchell