Jabez was the son of William Whitaker and Joan Taylor. He was born on 6 December 1595, within days of his father’s death, and baptised at St Clement's, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England on 11 December 1595.
Jabez went to Virginia in 1619 soon after his marriage, under the auspices of the Virginia Company, and settled in Elizabeth City. He was Lieutenant of the Virginia Company's men in 1620.
Like his half-brother Alexander Whitaker, he was involved in missionary activity among the Indians. He was in charge of tenants at College Land, an area set aside by a November 1618 Order for the endowment of a College "for the training of the children of those Infidels in true Religion, Moral Virtue, and Civility.". Jabez had 50 colonists under his command, and was based near Jamestown. The Virginia Company was told in 1620, that he gave a "good account of the trust reposed in him". A letter dated May 1621 to the Virginia Company treasurer Sir Edwin Sandys, reported on Jabez's activities for the Company.
At the request of the Virginia Company, Jabez built a guesthouse for the sick and for those who "came weak from the sea". This is a very early example of a hospital set up by English colonists in North America. In recognition of this, of his planting vines, corn and other crops, and his having "railed in" (fenced) 100 acres, the Virginia Court resolved, in July 1621, to send him "two boys" and to confirm the award of tobacco granted him by the Governor of Virginia.
By March 1622, Jabez had been promoted to Captain, and he was often named in contemporary records as "Captain Whitaker".
He was a member of the Assembly of Virginia in early 1624, representing Elizabeth City, and was appointed to the Council of Virginia on 4 March 1626.
Jabez's wife Mary, was living 5 April 1626, when she was granted the administration of her father's estate.
Crossle's Genealogical Abstracts include a note of a Chancery Bill for the case of Richard Jordan v. Jabez Whitaker, with associated dates of 29 April 1639 and 16 June 1640.
Jabez appears to have moved to Barbados by 1646.
The will of his brother William, gentleman of Barbados, dated 20 October 1649, appointed his "loving Brother Jabez Whitaker" as an overseer of the will.
On 23 May 1650 the General Assembly of Barbados named Captain Jabez Whitticar/Whiticar (the name is spelled both ways) as one of those who might be asked to investigate recent disturbances of the peace on the island.
"Jabez Whittaker" was one of the members of the General Assembly of Barbados who, on 5 November 1651, subscribed to a Declaration of the General Assembly that they would continue to back the then royalist Francis Willoughby (5th Baron Willoughby) in resisting the Parliamentarian Navy.
Douglas Richardson does not give a death date for Jabez Whitaker. Harry Culverwell Porter, in the footnote at the end of his article on Jabez’s half-brother Alexander, states that Jabez died in 1624, but that is clearly wrong. The “Later Life” section of this profile gives evidence suggesting to his being alive in late 1651.
↑ Frederick A Virkus, editor. Immigrant Ancestors: A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America before 1750, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1964, repr. 1986, p. 72
↑ 8.08.18.28.38.4 Harry Culverwell Porter. Alexander Whitaker: Cambridge Apostle to Virginia, The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 14, No. 3 (July 1957), pp. 342-343 (footnote 71) - can be viewed at JSTOR, (free) account signup required
↑ Susan Myra Kingsbury (ed.). Records of the Virginia Company, Government Printing Office, Washington, 1906-35, vol. III p. 226
↑ Nomination by the Council of Virginia of Sir George Yardley to be Governor, quoted in Nath Butler, Virginia Carolorum, The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, July 1885, pp. 157-158, can be viewed at Internet Archive
↑ Martha W McCartney. Virginia Immigrants and Adventurers, 1607-1635: A Biographical Dictionary, Genealogical Publishing Company, 2007, p. 740, page can be viewed at Google Books
↑ "Crossle's Genealogical Abstracts - genealogical abstracts of Irish documents, many of which have since been lost", by Dr Francis Crossle and his son Philip Crossle in the late 19th century. Image at FindMyPast
↑ Nicholas Foster. A brief relation of the late horrid rebellion acted on the island Barbados, in the West-Indies, 1650, pp.71-73, facsimile published by the Royal Colonial Institute, 1878, viewed on 1 February 2019 at Internet Archive.
↑ Joanne Mcree Sanders., Barbados Records: Wills and Administrations, volume 1, Sanders Historical Publications, 1979, p.366: snippet can be viewed at Google Books
↑ Full text of the declaration, including the list of subscribers, quoted in N Darnell Davis, Cavaliers and Roundheads in Barbados, Argosy Press, pub. Georgetown, British Guiana 1887, pp.217-219, viewed on 1 February 2019 at Cavaliers and Roundheads in Barbados
Richardson, Douglas. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 4 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. 2nd edition. Salt Lake City: the author, 2011. See also WikiTree's source page for Magna Carta Ancestry.
Richardson, Douglas. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. Salt Lake City: the author, 2013, Vol. I. page 492 and Vol. V. page 360. See also WikiTree's source page for Royal Ancestry.'
Porter, Harry Culverwell Porter. Alexander Whitaker: Cambridge Apostle to Virginia, The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 14, No. 3 (July 1957), pp. 342-343 (footnote 71) - can be viewed at JSTOR, (free) account signup required
Thank you to David Black for originally creating WikiTree profile Whitaker-966 through the import of David's Family Tree_Ancestry_26Jun2013.ged on Jul 23, 2013.
Magna Carta Project
In January 2019, Michael Cayley joined the Magna Carta Project as Gateway Guardian for this profile. (See details about the role of Gateway Guardians and Trail Tenders here.) ~ Noland-165 15:34, 29 January 2019 (UTC)
I have now done the main work I intend on this profile. Besides substantial editing, I've added sourced info on his later life, and replaced long quotes from a Pedigree Resource File on Familysearch, that were themselves copied, unattributed, from a copyright journal article, with factual information drawn from that article and other sources. All further improvements, or suggestions for improvement, welcome!
I have now started work on this profile. This is likely to take a little time. How long partly depends on how long the further research I am now embarking on takes. Please excuse untidiness and (hopefully mainly relatively minor) internal contradictions in the meantime. If you wish to help with some of the obvious tidying etc that needs to be done, please do!
Having just become Magna Carta Project Gateway Guardian for his wife, I have also volunteered to be Gateway Guardian for Jabez. I will be seeking to tidy up this profile and do more research, and, over time, work on his Magna Carta trail. All contributions to this, and offers of help, welcome! Please message me if you prefer.
There are apparently suggestions that Jabez may have been alive in the early 1650s - see https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/130392836. But if you look at the profile for Jabez's grandson, another Richard Whitaker-964, it seems fairly clear that both profiles are meant to relate to the same person - though both profiles are unsourced. See also Boiled Peanuts and Buckeyes. If Richard was a moderately prominent figure in Virginia, as that suggests, there may be some other sources.
update: Whitaker-1452 detached, edited & now in a proposed merge with Whitaker-964
Richardson lists son William, but not a son Richard, who is causing a data warning (his profile has birth in 1634; Jabez died "after 1626" - date probably based on text (it's the last date mentioned): "Captain Jabez Whitaker was in Colonial Council of Virginia, 1626".
The profile for Richard is unsourced. Any objection to detaching him as a son?