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Katherine (White) Carver (abt. 1574 - 1621)

Katherine (Catherine) [uncertain] Carver formerly White aka Leggatt, Leggett
Born about in Sturton-Le-Steeple, Nottinghamshire, Englandmap [uncertain]
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married 1599 (to about 1615) [location unknown]
Wife of — married before 1615 [location unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in Plymouth Colonymap
Profile last modified | Created 19 Feb 2013 | Last significant change: 18 Nov 2020
20:22: Phyllis (Arnold) Wright edited the Biography for Katherine (White) Carver (abt.1574-1621). (Added link as per Anne B) [Thank Phyllis for this]
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The Mayflower.
Catherine (White) Carver was a passenger on the Mayflower.
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Biography

Katherine White was the daughter of Alexander White of Sturton-le-Steeple, Nottinghamshire, England, born before 1580. Soon after her fathers death (will proved May 6, 1596) Catherine was married to George Leggat, member of a yeoman family long settled at Sturton and soon they had a daughter named Marie. Before many years had passed Catherine lost her husband and in course of time she married John Carver[1]

"The wife of John Carver, the first governor of Plymouth Colony. Katherine was a prominent woman in the English Separatist church in Leiden, and it was not until their marriage that John Carver became a member of the separatists. It is not certain when they were married, but the records state that Katherine Carver witnessed the betrothal of Roger Chandler and Isabella Chilton on 22 May 1615, so it must have taken place sometime before May 1615. Katherine's father was Alexander White of Sturton-le-Steeple, Nottinghamshire. Her siblings were also active members of the church. Her sister Bridget was married to the Leiden congregation's pastor John Robinson. Her sister Jane was married to Randall Thickens, sister Frances was married to Francis Jessop, and her brother Roger White was also married to a prominent church member. Katherine and John Carver had no surviving children. They are known to have had one child but it died in infancy on 11 November 1617. Both John and Katherine died the spring of 1621 having left behind no descendants."[2]

In 1599 she is mentioned in her mother's will as being married to a Mr. Leggett and their daughter Marie of age less than ten.[3] Katherine's husband died and she remarried, perhaps around 1616, to John Carver. They buried a child in November 1617 in Leiden.[4]

Her husband John organized the Mayflower voyage. Both Katherine and John Carver came on the Mayflower to Plymouth in 1620. They survived the harsh winter of 1620-21. The following spring John died while working in the fields. Katherine died within five or six weeks of John.[5]
Since the Carvers had no surviving children, John Howland, their indentured servant, is thought to have inherited their estate. It has been said that he immediately 'bought his freedon' but no record has survived.[6]
She was a widow of George Leggatt and eldest daughter of eight children of Alexander White and his wife Eleanor of Sturton-le-Steeple,
Katherine Carver witnessed the betrothal of Robert Cushman and Mary Singleton. Robert Cushman was a deacon of the Leiden church and would play an important part, as chief agent for the church, in preparing the Mayflower for her voyage.
On November 11, 1617, at St. Pancras in Leiden, Katherine Carver buried a child, probably an infant.
The following is quoted from William Bradford's Mayflower passenger list, written some 30 years after the landing. [7]
mr. John Carver. Kathrine his wife. Desire Minter; & 2. man-servants, John Howland Roger Wilder. William Latham, a boy, & a maid servant. & a child yt was put to him called, Jasper More. [7]
These bening aboute a hundred sowls came over in this first ship: and began this worke ... I have thought it not unworthy my paines, to take a view of the decreasings, & Increasings of these persons, and such change as hath pased over them, & theirs, in this thirty years.[8]
mr. Carver and his wife, dyed the first year, he in ye spring, she in ye somer; also his man Roger, and ye litle boy Jasper, dyed before either of them, of ye commone Infection. Desire Minter, returned to her friend & proved not very well, and dyed in England. His servant boy Latham after more then .20. years stay in the country went into England; and from thence to the Bajamy Ilands in ye west Indees; and ther with some others was stavred for want of food. His maid servant maried, & dyed a year or tow after here in this place. His servant John Howland maried the doughter of John Tillie, Elizabeth, and they are both now living; and have .10. children now all living and their eldest doughter has .4. children and ther .2. doughter, one, all living and other of their children mariagable, so 15. are come of them.[9]
Of these 100 persons which came first over, in this first ship together; the greater halfe dyed in the general mortality; and most of them in .2. or .3. monthes time. And for those wich survifed though some were ancient & past procreation; & others left ye place and cuntrie. yet of those few remaining are sprunge up above. 160 persons; in this .30. years. And are now living in this present year. 1650. besids many of their children which are dead and done not within this account.[10]
And of the old stock, (of one, & other) ther are yet living this present year. 1650. nere .30. persons. Let the Lord have ye praise; who is the High preserver of men. [10]

Research Note

See Undiscovered Mayflower lineages "Marie Leggat" American Ancestors Magazine. Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2010. (Online database. AmericanAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2010.)https://www.americanancestors.org/DB405/i/12164/35/23910174

Mayflower, First Sickness and Cole's Hill Burial Ground

Sources

  1. Source: Quote from book : John Robinson, Pastor of the Pilgrim Fathers: A Study of His Life and Times by Walter H. Burgess pg 22
  2. Find-A-Grave memorial/28977681/katherine-carver
  3. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III. (Online database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2010), (Originally Published as: New England Historic Genealogical Society. Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, 3 vols., 1995). pp320-322
  4. Mayflower History.com Katherine (White) (Leggett) Carver.
  5. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation. Boston: Little Brown, 1856. (death p.100)
  6. Wikipedia Article on John Carver, citing Nathaniel Philbrick, Mayflower: A story of Courage, Community and War (New York: Viking, 2006), p. 102
  7. 7.0 7.1 The Mayflower Descendant: Vol. 1, Page 9
  8. The Mayflower Descendant: Vol. 1, Page 11
  9. The Mayflower Descendant: Vol. 1, Page 12
  10. 10.0 10.1 The Mayflower Descendant: Vol. 1, Page 16
  • The Great Migration Begins, Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Vol I Robert Anderson, NEHGS, Boston 2000.
  • http://mayflowerhistory.com/carver/
  • Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation (Little Brown, Massachusetts, 1856)
  • "Governor Bradford's List of Mayflower Passengers." The Mayflower Descendant (Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants) Vol. 1, Page 9
  • Willison, George F., Saints and Strangers, The Cornwall Press, Cornwall, NY, 1943, Third Printing. Paperback version in print, 2014.
  • John Carver Plymouth Colony 1st Governor
  • Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation (Massachusetts Historical Society, 1856) p. 447 "8 [persons] M. John Carver; Kathrine, his wife; Desire Minter; & . 2. man-servants, John Howland, Roger Wilder; William Latham, a boy; & a maid servant, & a child yt was put to him, called Jasper More." p. 450. "M. Carver and his wife dyed the first year; he in ye spring, she in ye somer; also, his man Roger and ye litle boy Jasper dyed before either of them, of ye commone infection. Desire Minter returned to her freinds, & proved not very well, and dyed in England. His servant boy Latham, after more then 20 years stay in the country, went into England, and from thence to the Bahamy Ilands in ye West Indies, and ther, with some others, was starved for want of food. His maid servant maried, & dyed a year or tow after, here in this place." "15. [persons]His servant, John Howland, maried the doughter of John Tillie, Elizabeth, and they are both now living, and have 10. children, now all living; and their eldest daughter hath 4. children. And ther 2. daughter, 1. all living; and other of their children mariagable. So 15. are come of them."
  • Bradford, William, 1590-1657. Of Plimoth Plantation: manuscript, 1630-1650. State Library of Massachusetts "List of Mayflower Passengers." In Bradford's Hand.
  • Allan, Sue. Johnson, Caleb. Neal, Simon. The Probable Origin of Mayflower Passenger John Carver and the Minter Family in Suffolk, The New England Historical & Genealogical Register (NEHGS, Boston, Mass., Winter 2020) Vol. 174, WN 693, Page 16-17.
  • She died in Plymouth Colony about May 1612, Bradford noting "his wife, being a weak woman, died within five of six weeks after him."


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According to the American Ancestors source cited below, Marie Leggat, a daughter of Katherine (White) Carver -was also on the first Mayflower. Whether or not we need further evidence that she was on that voyage, we should add her to the children of Katherine (White)(Leggatt) Carver and George Leggatt..

"John Carver married Katherine (White) Leggatt, the. daughter of Alexander and Eleanor white of Sturton le Steeple, Nottinghamshire. Both of. the Carvers came on the Mayflower. The 1599 will of Katherine’s mother, Eleanor, mentioned her “sonne Leggatt and his wife [Katherine]…and…their daughter Marie…for her best advantage when. She comes to age of11.: The will was witnessed by george Leggatt, assumed to be Katherine’s first husband. So Marie Leggatt was under ten in. 1599, and since her mother Katherine was listed as Being under twenty-one in her father’s 1594 will, Marie wsa probably very young. No further records have yet been found for. Marie Leggatt, who, as a daughter of Mayflower passenger Katherine (White)(Leggatt) Carver, would be a Mayflower descendant. At the time of the Mayflower voyage, Marie would have been well over twenty if she had survived into adulthood.


Source: Undiscovered Mayflower lineages "Marie Leggat" American Ancestors Magazine. Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2010. (Online database. AmericanAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2010.)https://www.americanancestors.org/DB405/i/12164/35/23910174

In the source you listed above, as well as in Anderson, I don't see it stated that Marie was actually on the Mayflower. Maybe I missed seeing it somewhere..?

I do agree she should be added as their daughter, though, born between 1594 (Catherine's father's will) and 1599 (her mother's will)

posted by S (Hill) Willson
edited by S (Hill) Willson
Thanks for getting back so quickly. In the source above states: "Marie Leggatt, who, as a daughter of Mayflower passenger Katherine (White)(Leggatt) Carver would be a Mayflower descendant." It could be that Marie came over on a separate ship, but if so, whose and when? Also since she was very young when Katherine and her husband came over (and the latter was a man of some wealth (and had chartered the Mayflower and was the first Ma. Governor) I assume Katherine and he would have brought her young child. They also people to care for her who were traveling..

On Marie as simply the child - will you or someone else be adding her?

Suzanne you may add her if you would like. I don't think she was a passenger, she wasn't mentioned by Bradford. She probably died before the sailing. I haven't "seriously" updated these profiles yet.
posted by Anne B
I think the closest we get to an actual death date is Summer 1621
posted by Anne B
White-34095 and White-11597 appear to represent the same person because: They are.
posted by John Kingman
White-34096 and White-11597 appear to represent the same person because: Clear Duplicate
posted by Andrea (Stawski) Pack
Should this profile recognize her married last name Carver as she was married to John Carver?

Update: Thank you for the correction on her profile.

Isaac Carver was Gov. John Carver's brother.
posted by Tanya Kasim
White-25591 and White-11601 appear to represent the same person because:

Hi these are the same , so they can be merged, see info Bio , same husband mentioned in White-11601 Bio as well. Thanks :)

posted by Bea (Timmerman) Wijma
White-25591 and White-11601 appear to represent the same person because:

Hi these are the same , so they can be merged, see info Bio , same husband mentioned in White-11601 Bio as well. Thanks :)

posted by Bea (Timmerman) Wijma
Would you kindly change the Last name at birth to White. Thank you.
posted by Anne B

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Categories: Mayflower Family Member | Mayflower Passengers