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Elizabeth (White) Gardner (abt. 1590 - aft. 1651)

Elizabeth Gardner formerly White aka Allen
Born about in Stanton St John, Oxfordshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married about 1603 (to before 27 Nov 1633) in Staunton St. John, Oxfordshire, Englandmap [uncertain]
Wife of — married after 1637 [location unknown]
Died after after about age 61 in Bourton, Oxfordshire, Englandmap [uncertain]
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Profile last modified | Created 27 Sep 2010 | Last significant change: 22 Mar 2023
18:37: Sarah Long posted a comment on the page for Elizabeth (White) Gardner (abt.1590-aft.1651) [Thank Sarah for this]
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Elizabeth WHITE, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Bawle) White, and sister of the famous Rev. John White "Patriarch of Dorchester", was born about 1564, at Stanton St John, Oxfordshire, England. [1]


Elizabeth (White) Gardner was living on 1 Nov 1632, when her first husband, Thomas Gardner, made her the sole executrix of his will, and to inherit to sell some property, and keep other property for income, and to live at the Manor until their son Josiah reached 24 years of age.[2] Elizabeth's first husband, Thomas Gardner, died about a year after making his will, 27 Nov 1633.[2]
Elizabeth (White) Gardner, a widow, was living in 1637 when her sister Mary left her thirty shillings in her will.[3]
Elizabeth (White) (Gardner) Allen was living on 29 March 1648, when her brother, Rev. John White, left her twenty shillings in his will.
Elizabeth (White) (Gardner) Allen was living on 20 Jan 1650/1, when her eldest son Josiah Gardner named her in his will.[4]

Marriages and Children

Elizabeth White married twice, first to Thomas Gardner of "Little Bourton in Cropredy Oxon (near Banbury)" a yeoman by whom she had seven children.[5] They were married before 1616, when her father wrote his will making his daughter Elizabeth Gardner one of his beneficiaries.[5]
After the death of her 1st husband, Thomas Gardner, she married ____ Allen. [5] She was a widow in 1637, when her sister Mary (White) Terry named her "Elizabeth Gardner" in her will.[5]
  1. Josiah Gardner (d. 1656) Although he directly inherited the Manor house together with all its outbuildings garden, orchard, stables etc in 1633 from his father, his mother had a right to live in the house until her sons reached the age of 24. He married Amy Williams in Dorchester at Holy Trinity Church on 26 Mar 1640 and wrote his will on 20th Jan 1650/1 as he was about to embark on a perilous journey to the West Indies. His will was proved 20 Aug 1656, possibly he died in the West Indies or on the journey there. [5]
  2. Steven/Stephen Gardner
  3. Timothy Gardner
  4. Hannah Gardner m. Christopher French Jan 5 1630 Banbury, Oxon, 2nd m. Mr. Gregory[4]
  5. Katherine Gardner, m. Mr John Casper Hopff on 17 June 1633, "probably in St Peters Church, Dorchester", Dorset, England [5]
  6. Mary Gardner married Mr. Kingston
  7. Martha Gardner married Michael Deny/Denny

Undocumented and Erroneous

  1. Death 29 MAR 1648 Salem, Essex, Massachusetts
  2. Also found Died March 29, 1648 in Little Bourton, Croperdy, Oxfordshire, England
  3. Burial Gardner, Salem, Massachusetts
NOTE for #1 and #2 - Elizabeth Gardner Allen was living on 20 Jan 1650/1[4]
NOTE for #2 - IF she was living at Little Bourton when she died, it was not at the Manor:
a. by the terms of her 1st husband's will she had possession of the manor only until their eldest son Josiah reached twenty-four years of age, and she remarried
b. the manor was not included in her eldest son's will dated 20 Jan 1650/1
NOTE for #1 and #3 - IF she were buried in Massachusetts, it would be under her current name of Allen, not Gardner. Dellinger-332


  1. "US and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900", Source number: 18921.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: BFO. Original data: This unique collection of records was extracted from a variety of sources including family group sheets and electronic databases. Originally, the information was derived from an array of materials including pedigree charts, family history articles, querie. Sharing link to record on Ancestry Text: Birth Year: 1564 Spouse Birth Year: 1579 Birth place: En
  2. 2.0 2.1 Will of Thomas Gardner - 1633, of Little Bourton, Oxfordshire, Dated 1st Nov 1632: Proved 27 Nov 1633, © Transcribed by Michael Russell OPC
  3. Will of Mary Terry 1637, NEHGR Vol 55 (1901), compiler Justin P. Kellogg, pages 222 - 223
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Will of Josiah Gardner of Little Bourton, Oxfordshire, Dated 20 Jan 1650/1: Proved 20 Aug 1656, Transcribed by Michael Russell OPC
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Patriarch of Dorchester & Founder of Massachusetts
  • Christina Colvin, Janet Cooper, N H Cooper, P D A Harvey, Marjory Hollings, Judith Hook, Mary Jessup, Mary D Lobel, J F A Mason, B S Trinder and Hilary Turner, 'Parishes: Great and Little Bourton', in A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 10, Banbury Hundred, ed. Alan Crossley (London, 1972), pp. 175-184. British History Online Parishes: Great and Little Bourton, in A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 10, Banbury Hundred, [accessed 17 May 2016].
  • Will of Mary Terry 1637, The New England Historical and Genealogical Register. Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1847-. (Online database:, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001-2013.) NEHGR Vol 55 (1901), Author: Justin P. Kellogg, page 222-3

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Comments: 5

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I have updated the source for footnote 1 to update it to a sharing link as you couldn't see the details without a subscription to Ancestry with the existing link. Having looked at it I don't think this can count as a source for the birth place, date and parents as the information is very scant. Also it isnt a primary source as it doesnt point to any specific proof just a database of stuff gleaned from various places including things that are not primary sources.
posted by Sarah Long
There is no way that she was born in 1564 and gave birth to multiple children between 1613 and 1623, when she would have been age 49-59. The only child that falls within an acceptable timeframe is Martin, and there are no sources and no proof for his existence.
Your point is very well taken. Since no one has come up with any support for the 1564 birth year in the 15 months since you posted this comment, I'm changing the birth year to "about 1590," which is consistent with the range of her child-bearing years.
posted by Barry Wood
White-60353 and White-702 appear to represent the same person because: Same wife of Gardiner. 60353 has no sources. Use and retain data, details and narrative in 702. Thank you.
posted by Jillaine Smith
White-702 and White-18222 appear to represent the same person because: Same person, but need to merge the mothers first.

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Categories: Little Bourton, Oxfordshire, Gardner Name Study