Samuel Whitehead

Samuel Whitehead (1610 - 1690)

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Samuel Whitehead
Born in Englandmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in New Haven, Connecticutmap
Died in New Haven, New Haven, Connecticutmap
Profile last modified | Created 5 Jan 2013 | Last significant change: 8 Jan 2019
19:01: Anne B edited the Biography for Samuel Whitehead (1610-1690). (odd ref tag) [Thank Anne for this]
This page has been accessed 792 times.

Categories: Founders of Hartford | Signers of the New Haven Fundamental Agreement | Pequot War of 1637 | Puritan Great Migration | Estimated Birth Date.

The Puritan Great Migration.
Samuel Whitehead migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640). (See The Great Migration (Series 2), by R. C. Anderson, vol. 7, p. 351)
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The Birth Date is a rough estimate. See the text for details.



Origins and birth unknown[1]

He was granted land in 1634/5 so must have been at least 21 by this time.

Cambridge, Massachusetts

Stephen Whitehead, was at Cambridge, Massachusetts, as early as 5 Jan 1634/5 when he received a 2 acre grant.[2] A year later 4 Jan 135/6, "Will Towne shall have the two acres there which Samuell Whithead should have had"[2]


Samuel Whitehead's name is on the Hartford Founder's Monument. There is no record in Hartford of him having acquired the land, but later records show that Richard Lord owned a houselot which he bought of Samuel Whitehead and John Skinner had a small parcel that he bought from Whitehead.[3] These were parcels 57 and 59 1/2 on the map, in the middle of town, across from the meeting house.

New Haven Colony

4 June 1639 Samuel Whitehead, and 62 others, signed the New Haven Fundamental Agreement[4]establishing the government which would stay in effect until the end of 1665. 6 August 1642 "Brother Abbott and brother Whitehead admitted members of the Court and received the charge of freemen."[5] 1 July 1644, Samuel and the other men in town took the Oath of Fidelity to the government of New Haven.[6]

Living in New Haven required responsibilities to the town and colony. All able bodied men served in the trainband, a military unit for the defense against enemies. The men shared the watch in the wee hours of the night and some were assigned each week to attend services with their arms. Many men, during the early years, held positions in town of one kind or another, from fenceviewers to the Governor. Samuel held the following offices.

New Haven selectman many times between 1652 and 1674.[7][8]
Assessor 15 Oct 1649[9]
Treasurer 30 Apr 1672 [10]
Fenceviewer on numerous occasions[11][12][13]
Surveyor of Highways in 1666, 1667 and 1679[14]
Hayward 28 April 1685.[15]
Collector for the college corn 1648.[16]
Sealer of corn measures 1665[17]
Part of committed to set the boundaries between New Haven and Wallingford 28 March 1673[18]
Petit Jury member,, town of New Haven[19]

Samuel fought in the Pequot War, 1637, for which he was awarded 50 acres of land by the Connecticut Colony in 1671.[20] The completion of this war cleared the area of the natives allowing settlements like New Haven. Whitehead was chosen a corporal of the New haven trainband 6 Aug 1642,[21] and ten years later 7 June 1652, Corporal Samuel Whitehead was chosen sergeant.[22] The Sergeant was one of the officers from Milford selected to serve in a planned expedition against the Dutch in 1654.[23] The Connecticut General Court confirmed his position as Sergeant of the New Haven Trainband 6 July 1665[24] New Haven Colony had given up it's autonomy as a government and joined with Connecticut the previous December. Age became an issue and on 16 June 1673, "Sergeant Samll Whitehead upon his desire, being lame, was freed from being sergeant." [25]

New Haven Colony was run on Christian principles, using the Bible as it's guide. Samuel and his wife had assigned seats in the meeting house[26][27][28][29]

Samuel acquired a good amount of land during his life.

  • 1640 Early list of estates: 2 persons, estate valued at £60, and approximately 30 acres of land granted by the town in the 1st division, neck, meadow, and 2nd division.[30]
  • 1646 New Haven Book of Alienations: 2 persons, estate valued at £60, and about 50 acres some of which he purchased from other planters.[31]
  • There are several land transactions buying and selling land in the following years.[31]
  • 22 Feb 1670/1 an inventory of New Haven land was taken. Samuel had several parcels amounting to 47 acres, 102 acres of commonage, his homelot and 14 acres that he had from the town.[32]
  • 20 Dec 1680 Third land division Samuel had 3 heads, an estate of £363, and was granted 84 acres.[33] His third division land was not "land fit to be laid out" and he requested that it be changed.[34]

Before 14 Oct 1686. "Sarjt Whithead and Joseph Moss haveing lost their houseing and great part of their substance by fire, this Court remitt their country rates for this yeare." [35]


  • Samuel's first wife was never named in the records but in the 1646/7, 1655/6, and 1661 meeting house seating, she had assigned seats.[36][37][38]
  • Samuel Whithead and Sarah Guilbert were married 9 may 1676.[39] Sarah brought two young sons into the household and had two more with her new husband. She was the widow of John Gilbert and the daughter of Thomas and Jane Gregson. She died in 1697.[40]

Death, Inventory

"Samll Whited Dyed Septr 1690"[39]

An inventory of his estate, taken 11 Nov 1690, totalled £370 13s with debts of £30 13s 1d.[41]

Children by second wife

  1. Samuel b. 9 June 1678, New Haven; d 5 Dec 1709 ae 33 stone at (NHT1) Grove Street Cemetery; m. Tabitha Holt (she m. (2) David Atwater.[40]
  2. Stephen b. 29 Jan 1680, New Haven; d 4 Mar 1706 New Haven; m. 11 Apr 1705 New Haven, Mary Alling.[40]


  1. Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume VII, T-Y, Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2011. (Online database. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012.) ($)
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Records of the Town of Cambridge (formerly Newtowne) Massachusetts, 1630-1703 (Cambridge, Mass., 1901) p. 11 & p. 15
  3. Original Distribution of the Lands in Hartford Among the Settlers, 1639, Collections of the Connecticut Historical Society, Volume 14 (Hartford 1912; rpt. Bowie, Maryland, 1989) p. 128p. 309
  4. Source: #Hoadley1 p. 17
  5. Source: #Hoadley1 p. 76
  6. Source: #Hoadley1 p. 138
  7. Source: #Hoadley1 pp 127, 180, 277, 313, 354, 402
  8. Source: #Hoadley2 pp229, 310, 318
  9. Source: #Hoadley1 p. 495
  10. Source: #Dexter2 pp 303, 335, 346
  11. Source: #Hoadley1 pp 228, 428, 485/6
  12. Source: #Dexter1 518
  13. Source: #Dexter2 pp 86, 202, 285
  14. Source: #Dexter2 177, 203, 385
  15. Source: #Dexter2 Cites New Haven Town Records Vol III p. 17
  16. Source: #Hoadley1 p. 382
  17. Source: #Dexter2 p. 145
  18. Source: #Trumbull1 p. 202
  19. Source: #Dexter2 pp 157, 256, 274.
  20. Source: #Trumbull2 p. 150
  21. Source: #Hoadley1 76
  22. Source: #Dexter2 p. 311
  23. Source: #Hoadley2 107, 108
  24. Source: #Trumbull2 pp 22, 23
  25. Source: #Dexter2 p. 311
  26. Source: #Hoadley1 10 March 1646/7 302, 304
  27. Source: #Dexter1 11 Feb 1655/6 pp 270, 273
  28. Source: #Dexter1 20 Jan 1661/2 pp 511, 513
  29. Source: #Dexter2 7 Feb 1667/8 p 220 men only
  30. Source: #Hoadley1 p.92
  31. 31.0 31.1 Source: #Anderson p. 353
  32. Source: #Dexter2 pp. 282/3
  33. Source: #Dexter2 p. 409
  34. Source: #Anderson p. 353 Citing Vol 3 of the New Haven town records pp 28, 34, 35
  35. Trumbull, J. Hammond. ''The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut May 1978-June 1689. (Hartford, Case & Lockwood, 1859) p. 215
  36. Source: #Hoadley1 10 March 1646/7 302, 304
  37. Source: #Dexter1 11 Feb 1655/6 pp 270, 273
  38. Source: #Dexter1 20 Jan 1661/2 pp 511, 513
  39. 39.0 39.1 Vital Records of New Haven 1649-1850 Part I. Hartford: The Connecticut Society of the Order of the Founders and Patriots of America, 1917 death p. 69; whitehead/gilbert marriage p. 41
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 Jacobus: FANH p. 1970
  41. Source: #Anderson p. 355 citing New Haven Probate 2: 1: 61
  • Donald Lines Jacobus, Families of Ancient New Haven ([CD]Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1981[originally]Rome, N.Y. and New Haven, Conn., 1922-1932), vol 3, p 642,
  • Donald Lines Jacobus, Families of Ancient New Haven, vol 8, p 1970. "served Pequot War."
  • Barbour, Lucius Barnes, 1982, Families of Early Hartford, Connecticut, Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc., Baltimore, Maryland and Connecticut Society of Genealogists, Inc., Glastonbury, Connecticut pp. 675

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No known carriers of Samuel's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 3
New Haven Colony in 1641
New Haven Colony in 1641

Hartford in 1640 prepared from the original records by vote of the town and drawn by William S. Porter. Image by The Connecticut Historical Society
Hartford in 1640 prepared from the original records by vote of the town and drawn by William S. Porter. Image by The Connecticut Historical Society

Founders of Hartford Monument :South Face
Founders of Hartford Monument :South Face


Samuel is 19 degrees from Robin Helstrom, 21 degrees from Katy Jurado and 15 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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