John Clements Wickham was born at Haddington in East Lothian, Scotland on the 21st of November 1798 and baptised at North Leith in Midlothian on the 9th of December that year. He was the third of the seven sons of Samuel Wickham and Ellen Susannah Naylor.
John Wickham was apparently, a descendant of Samuel, the fifth son of Thomas Wickham, a Puritan settler who emigrated to Wethersfield, Connecticut.
John entered Royal Naval College in 1812, became Admiralty Midshipman in 1815. In 1819 he passed his Lieutenant's examination. In 1831, he was commissioned First Lieutenant and appointed second-in-command of the HMS Beagle during her second survey mission. In 1837, John was promoted to Captain of the Beagle and commanded her during her third voyage surveying the Australian coast.
In 1839, he and his crew discovered and named the Wickham River. Ludwig Leichhardt later discovered the same river in 1849, and named it the Burdekin River.
On the 27th of October 1842, John wed Anna MacArthur, the second daughter of Hannibal MacArthur and Anna King, in St John's Church of England (Anglican Church) at Parramatta in the Colony of New South Wales.
Following the wedding, John took up his appointment as police magistrate at Brisbane in Moreton Bay, no longer a penal colony and open to settlers.
In 1847, John purchased the grand homestead, Newstead House, with its views of the Brisbane River, off Anna's brother-in-law, Patrick Leslie, and lived there until it was sold in 1859.
Anna passed away in 1852 after the birth of their three children.
In 1859, John was offered the post of Colonial Secretary, which he declined.
He sold "Newstead House" and he and his family sailed for Britain aboard the "Duncan Dunbar" in 1860. Henry, his youngest son, was born during the voyage. They visited family and friends and John later retired to France.
John Clements Wickham passed away on the 6th of January 1864, at Biarritz, Basses-Pyrénées, Aquitaine, France.
↑ Citing this Record
"Scotland Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XTY3-DZD : 10 February 2018), John Clements Wickham, 21 Nov 1798; citing , Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland, reference 2:15R5GJ5, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,067,848.
↑ Citing this Record
"Australia Marriages, 1810-1980," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XTCP-26N : 10 February 2018), John Clement Wickham and Anna Mc Arthur, 27 Oct 1842; citing St. John, Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia, reference; FHL microfilm 993,954.
↑New South Wales Marriage Index
"Family History Search". 2020. NSW Government.>Search Name: John Clement Wickham & Ellen Deering; Date: 1857; Place: Brisbane, Moreton Bay; Ref: 1559/1857 .
↑Queensland Marriage Index
"Family History Research Service". 2020. Familyhistory.Bdm.Qld.Gov.Au.>Search Name: John Clements Wickham & Ellen Deering; Date: 1st October 1857; Reg: 1859/B/106.
↑ Citing this Record
"Find A Grave Index," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q2BB-7PGG : 10 March 2017), John Clements Wickham, 1864; Burial, Biarritz, Departement des Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Aquitaine, France, Biarritz (Du Sabaou) Communal Cemetery; citing record ID 175880419, Find a Grave,
Find a Grave, database and images : accessed 20 November 2020), memorial page for John Clements Wickham (21 Dec 1798–6 Jan 1864), Find A Grave: Memorial #175880419, citing Du Sabaou Cemetery, Biarritz, Departement des Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Aquitaine, France ; Maintained by Brett Williams (contributor 47234529) .
On Plantation Creek by Lincoln Hayes.
Citation | author1=Hayes, Lincoln | author2=Burdekin (Qld.). Council | title=On Plantation Creek : a community history of the Australian South Sea Islanders in the Burdekin Area | publication-date=2001 | publisher=Burdekin Shire Council | isbn=978-0-9579730-0-8
Black Snow and Liquid Gold by John Kerr.
Citation | author1=Kerr, John | author2=Burdekin (Qld. : Shire). Council | title=Black snow and liquid gold : a history of the Burdekin Shire from first contact of Europeans with the Aborigines, analysing the development of the pastoral, agricultural, secondary and service industries including sugar cane growing and milling from Inkerman to Giru on the Haughton River, rice, tobacco, mango and horticultural production, irrigation schemes leading to construction of the Burdekin Dam, the establishment of the twin towns of Ayr and Home Hill, sea, road, rail and air transport, local government, health services, social, religious and sporting activities, and the impact of Melanesian, Chinese, Japanese, Italian, Spanish and other immigrants | publication-date=1994 | publisher=Council of the Shire of Burdekin | isbn=978-0-646-17877-6