Oscar Wilde

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (1854 - 1900)

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Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde
Born in Dublin, Irelandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Paddington, London, England, United Kingdommap
Died in Paris, Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 24 Sep 2014 | Last significant change: 11 Dec 2018
15:28: Colleen (Rodgers) Bake edited the Biography for Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (1854-1900). (move source from comments) [Thank Colleen for this]
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Categories: Cimetière du Père-Lachaise, Paris, France | This Day In History October 16 | This Day In History November 30 | Trinity College, Dublin | Magdalen College, Oxford | Irish Authors | Irish Poets | Famous Authors of the 19th Century | LGBT | Irish Playwrights | Notables.

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Ireland Native
Oscar Wilde was born in Ireland

Biography

Oscar Wilde was an Irish author, playwright, and poet, famous for works like The Picture of Dorian Grey and The Importance of Being Earnest.[1][2][3]

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde was the son of Sir William Wilde and Lady Jane Wilde.[2][3] He was born 16 October 1854 in Dublin, Ireland.[2]

Oscar was an intelligent child.[2] He attended Portora Royal School in his youth, then Trinity College, and later graduated from Oxford University.[2][3] He had a love of Greek and Roman classics.[2][3] He lectured after school and focused on his poetry.[2] While on a lecture tour in the United States, he met his idol, Walt Whitman.[2] Oscar was a supporter of the aesthetic movement, believing in beauty for beauty's sake.[2]

Oscar married Constance Lloyd on 29 May 1884 at the Anglican St. James Church in Paddington in London.[2][3] The couple had two children before his affair with Lord Alfred Douglas began, Cyril born in 1885 and Vyvyan born in 1886.[2][3] Constance left Oscar and took the boys to Switzerland, also changing their surname to "Holland" because of shame at Oscar's dealings with Lord Alfred.[3]

Oscar wrote his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, in 1890.[2][3] He wrote Salomé (1891) in French in Paris but it was not staged in England "due to an absolute prohibition of Biblical subjects on the English stage."[4] He continued to produce society comedies in the early 1890s, including Lady Windermere's Fan, A Woman of No Importance and An Ideal Husband, which made him one of the most successful playwrights of late Victorian London.[2][3] He wrote his masterpiece, The Importance of Being Earnest, in 1894.

February 18th, 1895, Lord Alfred's father, the Marquess of Queensberry, left Oscar a note on his door accusing him of sexual immorality.[2][3] Enraged, Oscar decided to sue him for libel, which then led to the Marquess having him arrested. Oscar Wilde was convicted on 25 May 1895 of gross indecency,[2][3] and sentenced to two years' hard labor.[2][3] He was released on 19 May 1897, and moved to France.[2] Wilde died in poverty, from an ear infection which developed into cerebral meningitis, on 30 November 1900.[2][3]

Oscar Wilde is buried at Pere LaChaise Cemetery in Paris.[5] Over the years, a tradition of kissing his tomb had taken hold, and repeated cleanings have degraded the stone. It is now surrounded by security fences and a plexiglass barrier.[6] Oscar himself perhaps might not have objected to all the lipstick.

Sources

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Oscar Wilde," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, Wikipedia:Oscar Wilde (accessed March 8, 2018).
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 Biography Editors, "Oscar Wilde", Biography.com, (accessed March 8, 2018).
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 Oscar Wilde official website
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Oscar Wilde," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oscar_Wilde&oldid=864830533 (accessed October 21, 2018).
  5. "This Day in History May 25: Oscar Wilde is sent to prison for indecency", History.com (accessed 8 Mar 2018).
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Oscar Wilde," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oscar_Wilde&oldid=864830533 (accessed October 21, 2018); citing John Tagliabue (15 December 2011) "Walling Off Oscar Wilde's Tomb From Admirers' Kisses", The New York Times; Retrieved 3 April 2013.

https://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/author/111



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On 23 Aug 2015 at 15:45 GMT DK Clews wrote:

Wilde-681 and Wilde-536 appear to represent the same person because: I was working on his brother and niece and when I found you had made a profile for Oscar I hit the 'set as sibling' link... which promptly made a new profile instead of linking the profiles as I had expected. Weird. Anyway, please merge.



Oscar is 29 degrees from Sharon Caldwell, 26 degrees from Burl Ives and 19 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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