Almanzo Wilder was born to James and Angeline Day Wilder on 13 February 1857, on the family farm in Burke, near Malone, New York. Almanzo was the fifth of six children.
The family moved to Spring Valley, Minnesota, in 1875. Almanzo and his older brother Royal stayed in Malone to take care of the farm. Royal, Almanzo and his sister Eliza Jane then set out for DeSmet, South Dakota. They were among the first settlers in the town. Almanzo settled on his claim with the intent of farming wheat.
In 1883 Almanzo began courting Laura Ingalls who was ten years his junior. He started driving her the 12 miles between DeSmet and the town in which she was teaching. Three years later, on 25 August 1885, they were married.
Almanzo and Laura had two children. A daughter, Rose, was born on 5 December 1886. A son was born 11 July 1889. He died after only 27 days on 7 August 1889.
After suffering many hardships including diphtheria, fire, and drought, the family moved to Spring Valley, Minnesota to stay with Almanzo's parents. After about a year the family moved to Westville, Florida.
The family returned to DeSmet in 1892. Almanzo worked as a carpenter and day laborer.
On 17 July 1894 the Wilder family left for Missouri traveling by covered wagon. They arrived on August 31st and bought forty acres of undeveloped land with a $100.00 down payment. Laura named it Rocky Ridge Farm.
Over the next 20 years they slowly built a home with ten rooms and expanded the farm to include 200 acres. They produced poultry, dairy items and fruit. They also kept Morgan horses and a large herd of cows and goats.
Almanzo Wilder died at the age of 92 on 23 October 1949, after suffering two heart attacks. He is buried in the Mansfield Cemetery in Mansfield, Missouri with his wife and daughter.
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