||Roger Williams migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).|
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Reverend Roger Williams, President of Rhode Island Colony 1654-57, was born in London, but no record of the exact date survives, the DNB guesses c.1606. He was the son of James Williams (d. 1621) and Alice Pemberton (d. 1625), daughter of Robert Pemberton and Catherine Stokes (sister of Roger Stokes). According to the records of the Roger Williams Family Association, published as Roger Williams of Providence, R.I., he was born about 1601 in London, but the great fire of London destroyed the church which housed all the birth and baptism records of the family.
As a teenager, he was associated with Sir Edward Coke, who employed Williams to take notes of sermons and speeches in Star Chamber. Through Coke's influence, he matriculated Pembroke College in 1624, going BA in 1627.
He left Cambridge in 1628/9 to enter the Essex household of Sir William Masham as family chaplain. He married, on 15 Dec 1629 at High Lever Church, Essex, England., Mary Bernard (bap. 1609, d. in or after 1676), the daughter of the clergyman and religious writer Richard Bernard, who was serving as a maid in the Masham household. 
He met with other dissenters Thomas Hooker and John Cotton and they discussed with other dissenting clergy to invest in the Massachusetts Bay Company and migrate to the New World. He migrated with his wife in 1631 on the Lyon, residing initially at Salem, then Plymouth, back to Salem in 1633 and finally to Providence, Rhode Island by 1636.
Roger Williams established what would become Rhode Island, having been kicked out of Salem and Plymouth for the quality of his preachings. "His favorite theme was liberty of conscience in religious matters, and that civil magistrates as such have no power in the church, and that Christians as such are subject to no laws or control, but those of King Jesus." This did not go over well with church and civil leaders.
A monument on Prospect Terrace, Providence, was dedicated June 29, 1939 by the Roger Williams Memorial Association.
Mary Williams Sayles (1633 - 1681) https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=19727534
Freeborn Williams Clarke (1635 - 1710) https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=12221429
Providence Williams (1638 - 1686) https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=17477451
Mercy Williams Winsor (1640 - 1705) https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=17477493
Daniel Williams (1641 - 1712) https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=17477316
Joseph Williams (1643 - 1724) https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=17142392
He died on April 1, 1683, in Providence, Rhode Island, having lived a long life of 80 years.
Allen, Zachariah, Esq. Memorial of Roger Williams (Cooke & Danielson, Printers, Providence, 1860)
Austin, John Osborne. Ancestry of Thirty-Three Rhode Islanders (J. Munsell's Sons, 1889)
Anthony, Bertha Williams. & Weeden, Harriett Wood. Roger Williams of Providence, Rhode Island (Cranston, R.I.: B. W. Anthony and H. W. Weeden, 1949, 1966)
Virkus, Frederick Adams. The Compendium of American Genealogy: First Families of America (Chicago, A.N. Marquis & company, 1925-)
Austin, John Osborne. The Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island (1887)
Savage, James. A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England (Boston, Little, Brown and Company, 1862) (4 vols)
Wilkinson, Rev. Israel, A. M. Memoirs of the Wilkinson Family in America (Jacksonville, Ill.: Davis & Penniman, Printers., 1869)
Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, Volumes I-III. (New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, 1995) Pages 2007-10
Smith, Joseph Jencks. Civil and Military List of Rhode Island, 1647-1800 (Preston and Rounds Co., Providence, R.I., 1900) Page 2: "1649. May. To have leave to sell a little Wine or Strong Water to some natives in theare sickness: Mr. Roger Williams."
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