Robert (Wimarc) FitzWimarc

Roberd (Wimarc) FitzWimarc (abt. 1005 - bef. 1075)

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Roberd (Robert) "the Deacon, Draco, the Staller" FitzWimarc formerly Wimarc aka de Moyaux, fitz Wimarc
Born about in Calvados, Normandy, Francemap
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died before in Essex, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 15 Aug 2014 | Last significant change: 6 Oct 2018
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Contents

Biography

Robert was one of the barons that followed Edward the Confessor to England. "As staller, he was a member of the royal household and he was one of those present at the deathbed of the king; on the Bayeux tapestry he is probably the person supporting the cushion on which the dying Edward leans. Since Little Domesday reports (Domesday Book, 2.44, 44v, 45v) that some of his estates were given him ‘after the death of King Edward’ (a circumlocution for the unmentionable reign of Harold II) it can be presumed that he continued in Harold's service." (Ref: ODNB)

"His mother, Wimarc (Guimara) has a Breton name, but that of his father is not recorded. Since he is said to have been related both to the Confessor and to William I, he was perhaps an illegitimate scion of the Norman ducal house; Osbert de Clare says he was ‘outstanding [praeclarus] among the Norman people because of his birth’ (‘La vie de S. Édouard’, 108). Robert attested charters of the Confessor from 1059 and had built his castle at Clavering, Essex, by 1052." (Ref: ODNB)

He was a large landholder even before 1066. Domesday shows him with 150 hides of land in seven shires, the bulk of it in Essex. He would have been the tenth richest layman below the rank of earl.

Robert probably died around 1070, as his son Swein held the same office in the 1070s.

Education

Seems to have been a prudent man, with a fair degree of wisdom who helped to ease the transition from Saxon to Norman England

Note

He was a kinsman of both Edward the Confessor and of William the Conqueror and was present at Edward's death bed. (Ref: Wikipedia)

Known in modern literature as Robert fitz Wimarc, he took the name of his mother, Guimar, as an identifier, filio/filius Wymarche/Wymarcha . More reliable results will show in a search for Wimarc, Wymarche or Wimarche.

Cousin of Duke William and Edward the Confessor . [1][2]

Earliest reference showing his name (found on the internet as of 2014-08-18. By Robert Gordon Latham from The English Language, page 303, Edition 5. Publisher Walton, 1862.

EADWEARD 1066 (No 828 Kent)
Eadward King gret Eiidsi Arcebiscop and Godwine Biscop on Rowcestre and Leofwiine eorll on Kente and Esgar stallere and Roberd Wymarche sune stallere and alle mine pegnes on Kente frendlic.

Parents

Rodbertus filius Wimarce pater Sueni[3]

Father: name unknown: listed as Quidam (someone), genere Normannus[4] - related to Emma de Normandie, Queen of England . [5]
Mother: Guimare, anglicized into Wimarce/Wymarcha[6]

Some Known Names[7]

Robert Wimarc[8]
Robert filio/filius Wimarcha
Rodberd Wymarche
Robert fitz Wimarc
Rotberti filii Witmarce[9]
Robert the Deacon
Robertus Draco
Robert Diaconus
Roberd Viccomes
Roberd, Wymarche sune, Stallere[10][11]
Rotbertus pater Sueni[12]
Robert fitz Guimar[13]
Robert the Staller[14]
Robertus filius Wimarc[15]

Occupation

  • Sheriff of Essex and Staller for William I (Staller and Dapifer/Senechal are used as synonyms in Domesday Book)[16]
  • Magnate of Kent.[17]
  • Held the chief canonry of the collegiate church of St. Mary of Bromfield, which he passed to his son-in-law.[18]

Children

  1. Sweyn fitz Robert (Suen filius Roberti) alias Sweyn de Essex. [19]
  2. daughter, married Richard Scrob (Scroop/Scrope)[20]; their sons, Osbern and William, were adults by 1066. [21]

Death

Confirmed living in 1076.[22]

Sources

  1. Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society (after shown as TSANHS), Volume 2, p. 3, added 2014-08-15, amb
  2. The household of William I and William II, Regesta regum anglo-normannorum, 1066-1154, Introduction, p. xxii. (1913), added 2014-08-17, amb
  3. Domesday Names: An Index of Latin Personal and Place Names in Domesday Book, p. 277, edited by K. S. B. Keats-Rohan, David E. Thornton, added 2014-08-16, amb
  4. TSANHS, Vol 2, p. 33
  5. TSANHS, Vol 2, p. 3
  6. The History of Rochford Hundred, p. 521, added 2014-08-15, amb
  7. These names are listed in Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, Volume 2, pp. 8-10, 14. Other sources found are noted beside each name.
  8. Maitland, pp. 63, 4, 129, 132-134, added 2014-08-18, amb
  9. Domesday Names, p. 182
  10. Latham, p. 303, added 2014-08-16, amb
  11. This name also found in A history of England under the Anglo-Saxon kings, Volume 2, p. 300, added 2014-08-16, amb
  12. Sir Henry Ellis, A General Introduction to Domesday Book, Volume 2, p. 206, added 2014-08-16, amb
  13. Regesta regum anglo-normannorum, 1066-1154, p. 8: 1069, Winchester, #29, added 2014-08-17, amb
  14. Regesta regum anglo-normannorum, 1066-1154, p. 7, Whitsuntide, 1068, #23
  15. Reaney, p. 3523, added 2014-08-18, amb
  16. The household of William I and William II, Regesta regum anglo-normannorum, 1066-1154, Introduction, p. xxii. (1913)
  17. TSANHS, Vol 2, p.10, added 2014-07-15, amb
  18. TSANHS, Vol 2, pages 1-4
  19. TSANHS, Vol 2, page 16
  20. TSANHS, Vol 2, page 1
  21. C. P. Lewis, Richard Scrob (fl. 1052–1066), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, accessed 14 Aug 2014, amb, © Oxford University Press 2004–11, All rights reserved: see legal notice. Richard Scrob (1052–1066): doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/23505. Osbern fitz Richard (c.1066–1088): doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/45588
  22. The History of Rochford Hundred, p. 522, added 2014-08-15

Acknowledgements

This page has been edited according to Style Standards adopted January 2014. Descriptions of imported gedcoms for this profile are under the Changes tab.



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Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, Volume 2, Robert fitz Wimarc and his descendants,
Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, Volume 2, Robert fitz Wimarc and his descendants,

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