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Wihąnįka (Winneshiek) Blackhawk (1841)

Wihąnįka Blackhawk formerly Winneshiek
Born [location unknown]
Ancestors ancestors
Daughter of and [mother unknown]
Wife of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died [date unknown] [location unknown]
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Profile last modified | Created 5 Oct 2019
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Wihąnįka was Ho-Chunk.




The name Wihaneka is for Wihąnįka, "Little Wihą," where Wihą(ga) is, as indicated, a birth order name for the second daughter. In the censuses, the diminutive -nįk is dropped, and we have the standard form of the birth order name as Wihąga. (1912 census)


The census data shows consistently that she was born 1841.


"Sayokoruspinka and his wife, Peneeka (Beautiful) had Wanknaroskaka (Man of Distinction) born about 1847, known as James Blackhawk, died in the autumn of 1920. He married Wihaneka (Second born) daughter of Chief Winneshiek (Coming Thunder).” (Jipson 241)

“The sons of Wanknaroskaka or James Blackhawk were Nojumbka, meaning The thunder who strikes the tree or John Blackhawk and Wakjagohoyka, (Returning with victory), Albert Black hawk, died July 1912, at age 20. The daughters are Chimkananewinka (She who goes on the village) born 1875 married Edwin Greengrass; Ahosojwaywinka (She whose feathers are worn) born 1881, married Arthur Cas_man, and Wakanjapinwinka (The good thunder woman), born 1886, married Charles Greengrass and lives at Trempealeau, Wisconsin.” (Jipson, 241)


  • Norton William Jipson, Story of the Winnebagoes (Chicago: The Chicago Historical Society, 1923). This is an unpublished typescript.
  • 1912 Indian census; Roll: M595_570; Line: 13; Agency: Tomah Indian School. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives.


Thank you Richard Dieterle for the initial research into and creation of this profile.

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Comments: 4

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Kathie, can you access the 1912 Indian census? The link above is broken and I don't have access to

I'd like to know if/how the census represents her last name. Thanks.

posted by Jillaine Smith
CORRECTED: Ok, that census has Indian name| English surname | English given name | marital status | age | gender. No Indian surnames, but if they have an English one it’s in that column. So this lady has no English given name.

Her line on the census says: Weihunka Blackhawk Mrs. widow 71 F

posted by Kathie (Parks) Forbes
edited by Kathie (Parks) Forbes
Just to be clear, it lists the surname "Blackhawk"?
posted by Jillaine Smith
Yes, it does, I’ll add the snip to the profile images.
posted by Kathie (Parks) Forbes

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Categories: Ho-Chunk