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Edward Winslow Sr. (abt. 1570 - aft. 1628)

Edward Winslow Sr. [uncertain]
Born about in Kempsey, Worcestershire, Englandmap [uncertain]
Ancestors ancestors
Son of and [mother unknown]
Brother of
Husband of — married 4 Nov 1594 in St Bride's Church Fleet Street, London, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died after after about age 58 in Irelandmap [uncertain]
Profile last modified | Created 31 May 2009
This page has been accessed 21,380 times.
Edward Winslow Sr. is currently protected by the Puritan Great Migration Project for reasons described in the narrative.
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Project protected by the Puritan Great Migration Project as a parent of several Puritan Great Migration and Mayflower ancestors.



Edward Winslow, Sr. of Droitwich, Worcestershire, England was the father of Mayflower passenger Gov. Edward Winslow. Four of his other sons would also immigrate to New England. There is strong circumstantial evidence that he is the son Kenelm Winslow of Kempsey, Worcestershire and this is generally accepted. There is no evidence he was born on 17 October 1560 in Droitwich as is often said.[1] There is also no known connection of Kenelm Winslow to Droitwich, so it is probable that Edward was born elsewhere, and most likely in Kempsey. The mother of Edward Winslow is uncertain and unproven despite a great deal of intense research.
The first record of Edward Winslow is his marriage to Magdalene Oliver in London in 1594. He soon moved to Droitwich, Worcestershire where his children were baptized beginning in 1595. He paid tax for land in Droitwich in 1598 and 1603. He became church warden for St. Peter's in Droitwich in 1600. He can be found in a number of suits beginning in 1601 where he is often referred to "gent." Edward Winslow owned an interest in the salt vats in Droitwich which were owned Robert Winter. He can be found in a number of deeds and records relating to the sale of salt broileries.
When he apprenticed his son Edward to John Beale as a printer in 1613, he was referred to as Edward Winslow of Clifton. The will of Thomas Harden dated 14 September 1620 referred to Edward Winslow, "sometime undersheriff" of Worcestershire. This will noted that Edward Winslow owed him an uncollectable debt of £30 sterling, but that he had fled to Ireland. In 1628, a Mr. Edward Winslow gent was listed among the inhabitants of Londonderry, Ireland. No record of death or a will has been found in Ireland.


Born: About 1570. The date is an estimate based on his marriage in 1594. Suggestions that he was born on 17 October 1560 is an error.[1] He was most likely born in Kempsey, Worcestershire, England where most of his father's landholdings were.

Marriage and Children

Married: Magdalen Olyver on 4 Nov 1594 at St Bride's Church Fleetstreet in London, England.[2][3] She was baptized on 4 Aug 1566 in Droitwich, Worcestershire, England.
1594 marriage record for Edward and Magdalen Olyver Winslow
Children of Edward Winslow Sr and Magdalen Olyver:
  1. Edward Winslow ll (b. 18 Oct 1595, Droitwich, Worcestershire, England)
  2. John Winslow (b. 16 Apr 1597, Droitwich, Worcestershire, England)
  3. Eleanor Winslow (b. 22 Apr 1598, Droitwich, Worcestershire, England)
  4. Kenelm Winslow (b. 29 Apr 1599, Droitwich, Worcestershire, England)
  5. Gilbert Winslow (b. 12 Oct 1600, Droitwich, Worcestershire, England)
  6. Elizabeth Winslow (b. 6 Mar 1602, Droitwich, Worcestershire, England)
  7. Magdalene Winslow (b 26 Dec 1604, Droitwich, Worcestershire, England)
  8. Josiah Winslow (b. 11 Feb 1606, Droitwich, Worcestershire, England)
  9. Mary Magdalene Winslow (b 24 Dec 1610, Droitwich, Worcestershire, England)


Died: After 1628, possibly in Ireland.
He is sometimes said to have died 8 May 1620 in Droitwich. There is no evidence to support this date. The will of Thomas Harden dated 14 September 1620 states that Edward Winslow owed him money but had fled to Ireland. There is a record of Mr. Edward Winslow gent living in Londonderry in 1628. This is taken as the last record known of Edward Winslow. No, will or record of his death has been found.


  • Parentage: Edward Winslow is presumed to be the son of Kenelm Winslow of Kempsey, though this is not proven by any primary record. There are no baptisms, wills, land records, court records or manorial records which prove a connection. The first connection is that Edward Winslow named a son Kenelm, presumably after his father Kenelm Winslow. It should be noted that while Kenelm seems an unusual name, it was not that unusual in Worcestershire in the 16th century. The next seeming connection is the fact that Gov. Edward Winslow named his estate in Massachusetts "Careswell" which suggests a connection to the Winslow family of Kerswell in the parish of Kempsey, Worcestershire.
Though several theories have been put forward, the identity of his mother remains unproven. She is not proven to be Katherine Bucke or Elizabeth Foliott (in fact, both of these identifications have been rejected).[4][5][6] All the theories are attempting to explain how Gov. Edward Winslow was called "cousin" by both Sir Arthur Haselrige and his wife Dorothy Greville. Also, Herbert Pelham called Gov. Edward Winslow "cousin" in two letters sent to the governor. See the page of Kenelm Winslow for more details regarding the theories as to his wives.

Common Errors to Avoid

  • Incorrect birth date: It is often said that Edward Winslow Sr. was born on 17 October 1560 in Droitwich, Worcestershire, England. This is incorrect.[1] This error first appears in Holton's Winslow Memorial and has been repeated many times elsewhere.[7] It is not supported by any parish register entry nor any other documentary evidence.[8] In fact, neither the Droitwhich parish registers nor any of the surrounding parishes go back as far as 1560.
  • Incorrect wife: It is often said that Edward Winslow Sr. married Eleanor Pelham, daughter of Herbert Pelham of Droitwich, and that he had a son Richard by her. This is incorrect. Edward Winslow did not marry Eleanor Pelham and he did not have a son Richard. This error first appears in Holton's Winslow Memorial and has been repeated many times elsewhere.[9] There is no evidence of such a marriage or child. It should also be noted that his marriage in London was copied into the Droitwich parish records, along with both birth and baptism dates of children. It is not credible that someone with that attention to detail would not also copy a first marriage and offspring by it. This error may somehow be related to the fact that Josias Winslow, son of Gov. Edward Winslow, married Eleanor Pelham a daughter of Herbert Pelham.
  • Incorrect children:
  1. Richard Winslow (b. abt 1585, Droitwich, Worcestershire, England)[citation needed]
  2. Margaret Winslow (b. about 1589, Droitwich, Worcestershire, England)[citation needed] NOTE: There is no proof that Margaret, wife of Robert Hicks, was daughter of Edward Winslow. See either of their profiles for more explanation.


Footnotes and citations:
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 The American Genealogist, vol. 42 (1966): pages 186-187. "Winslow Births,"
  2. "England Marriages, 1538–1973 ," index, FamilySearch (accessed 14 Nov 2014), Edward Winslowe and Magdalene Ollyver, 04 Nov 1594; citing St. Bride Fleet Street, London, England, reference ; FHL microfilm 574353.
  3. "England Marriages, 1538–1973 ," index, FamilySearch (accessed 14 Nov 2014), Edw. Wynslowe and Magdelen, 03 Nov 1594; citing Saint Peter,Droitwich,Worcester,England, reference ; FHL microfilm 801595.
  4. "Clues to the Ancestry of Winslow of Droitwich" in The American Genealogist, 41:168-75, July 1965; cited in John G. Hunt, "The 'Mayflower' Winslows--Yeomen or Gentlemen?", Part 2, in NEHGR 122:175-178 (1968).
  5. John G. Hunt, "The 'Mayflower' Winslows--Yeomen or Gentlemen?", Part 1 in NEHGR 121:25-29 (1967), Part 2 in NEHGR 122:175-178 (1968), and Part 3 in NEHGR 124:182-83 (1970). There is insufficient evidence to support either claim, so no mother is shown on this profile.
  6. Fraad, Brandon. The Winslow Families of Worcestershire 1400-1700. (Boston: NEHGS, 2009): pages 8-10. Shows she could not have been Elizabeth Foliott.
  7. Holton. Winslow Memorial. (1877): page 21.
  8. The American Genealogist, vol. 42 (1966): [pages 186-187. "Winslow Births,"
  9. Holton. Winslow Memorial. (1877): page 21.
Source list:
  • The American Genealogist, vol. 41 (1965): pages 168-175. "Clues to the Ancestry of Winslow of Droitwich," by John G. Hunt. link.
  • The American Genealogist, vol. 42 (1966): pages 52-55. "Governor Edward Winslow's Mother's Family, the Olivers," by John G. Hunt. link.
  • The American Genealogist, vol. 42 (1966): pages 186-187. "A Note on the Winslow Births in England," by John G. Hunt. link.
  • Fraad, Brandon. The Winslow Families of Worcestershire 1400-1700. (Boston: NEHGS, 2009).
  • Holton, David-Parsons and Frances K.F. Holton. Winslow Memorial: Family Records of the Winslows, vol. 1 of 2. (New York, 1877). Google Books link. Note: This book contains many errors and should not be used.
  • New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 21 no. 3 (July 1867): pages 209-211. "English Ancestry of the Winslow Family" by William S. Appleton. link.

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Comments: 14

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Can someone remove "united kingdom" from the marriage location? Its PPP, so I cannot.
posted by M Cole
Re Disputed Mother - Hunt's TAG article DOES NOT suggest that his mother was named Catherine Bucke. It states that her name was Katherine (which was the name of father Kenelm's widow as established by his estate papers), but suggests no maiden name. The article suggests that Kenelm's MOTHER was a Bucke (Mary Bucke)
posted by Chase Ashley
I am disconnecting the image of the 13th century crusader knight from this profile. It seems totally inappropriate for this profile.
posted by Chase Ashley
I don't know whether to run away from this profile or study it intently...
Would someone please delete this following redundant left-over from the recent merge? (and then delete this message too.)

"This biography was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import.[5] It's a rough draft and needs to be edited. Name Name: Edward /Winslow/[6] Birth Birth: Date: 17 October 1560? Place: Droitwich, Worcestershire, England"

Winslow-1098 and Winslow-4 appear to represent the same person because: Same birth location & birth date.
posted by Greg Kettell
I'd like to see proof that he had a daughter Margaret (per narrative under first wife), please.
posted by Jillaine Smith
Unknown-381462 and Winslow-4 appear to represent the same person because: This looks like a clear duplicate though the death dates are a few months apart (but one of the profiles is unsourced and may be inaccurate).

The last name "Unknown" is obvioulsy an error, this person is a Winslow.

Parents of Mayflower Passengers are not included in the Mayflower project are not necessarily included unless they also came on the Mayflower.
posted by Becky (Nally) Syphers
If we don't know daughter Mary's identity, how do we know who her father and mather were? What is the source (beyond just
posted by Amanda Emerson
Andrea, that book is out of date and should not be used for anything.
posted by Joe Cochoit

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Categories: Puritan Great Migration Adjunct