John Winthrop

John Winthrop (1587 - 1649)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Gov John Winthrop
Born in Groton, Suffolk, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married (to ) in Great Stambridge, Essex, Englandmap
Husband of — married (to ) in Groton, Suffolk, Englandmap
Husband of — married (to ) in Great Maplestead, Essex, Englandmap
Husband of — married (to ) in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap
Descendants descendants
Died in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap
Profile last modified | Created 27 Jan 2011
This page has been accessed 5,059 times.

Categories: Winthrop Fleet | Arbella, Winthrop Fleet | English Immigrants to America | Pequot War of 1637 | Kings Chapel Burying Ground, Boston, Massachusetts | Puritan Great Migration | Massachusetts Notables.

The Puritan Great Migration.
John Winthrop migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640). (See Great Migration Begins, by R. C. Anderson, Vol. -, p. 2038-42)
Join: Puritan Great Migration Project
Discuss: pgm
John Winthrop is Notable.
Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony Company (in London)
Matthew Cradock
1st Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony (in the colony)

John Endecott
2rd Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
1630 - 1634
3rd Governor
Thomas Dudley
5th Governor
Henry Vane
6th Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
1637 - 1640
7th Governor
Thomas Dudley
8th Governor
Richard Bellingham
9th Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
1642 - 1644
10th Governor
John Endecott
11th Governor
Thomas Dudley
12th Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
1646 - 1649
13th Governor
John Endecott



John Winthrop (12 January 1587 [1] – 26 March 1649) was of a landowning family. He studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, came into a family fortune, and became a government administrator with strong Puritan leanings. He was a wealthy English Puritan lawyer. Born at Edwardstone, near Groton, Suffolk, England, he was one of the leading figures in the founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the first major settlement in New England after Plymouth Colony.

John Winthrop is best known as the Puritan Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, departing England on the flagship Arbella, [1] leader of The Winthrop Fleet of 1630; the largest fleet of Englishmen ever to depart for the New World.

Winthrop was a deeply religious man, and he believed that the Anglican Church needed to rid itself of Catholic ceremonies. He and his followers decided to leave England because they thought that God would punish their country for this heresy, and they thought they would be safe in the New World.

He was elected governor of the colony on 20 October 1629,[2] before their departure in 1630, and he was re-elected several times after they had arrived in the New World. As governor, he tried to keep the number of executions for heresy to a minimum, and he opposed the veiling of women, which many colonists supported.

Winthrop served as governor for 12 of the colony's first 20 years of existence. His writings and vision of the colony as a Puritan "city upon a hill" dominated New England colonial development, influencing the government and religion of neighboring colonies.

"Winthrop, John, ... He arrived (1630) in the ship Arbella at Salem and shortly founded on Shawmut peninsula the settlement that became Boston. He was - with the possible exception of John Cotton - the most distinguished citizen of Massachusetts Bay colony, serving as governor some 12 times. He helped to shape the theocratic policy of the colony and opposed broad democracy. It was while he was deputy governor and Sir Henry Vane (1613–62) was governor that Winthrop bitterly and successfully opposed the Antinomian beliefs of Anne Hutchinson and her followers, who were supported by Vane. The force of his influence on the history of Massachusetts was enormous. Winthrop's journal, which was edited by J. K. Hosmer and published in 1908 as The History of New England from 1630 to 1649 is one of the most valuable of American historical sources." [3]

Marriages and Children

John married first, at Great Stambridge, Essex, England, 16 April 1605, Mary Forth (buried 26 June 1615). They had three sons and three daughters[2]:

  1. John Winthrop, Governor of Connecticut
  2. Henry Winthrop
  3. Forth Winthrop (son)
  4. Mary Winthrop, wife of Samuel Dudley
  5. Anne Winthrop
  6. AnneWinthrop (second child named Anne)

John married second, at Groton, Suffolk, England, 6 Dec 1615, Thomasine Clopton (baptized 18 Feb 1583; buried 11 Dec 1616) and they had one daughter who died as an infant.[2]

John married third, Margaret Tyndall at Great Maplestead, Essex, England on 29 April 1618. They had six sons and two daughters[2]:

  1. Stephen Winthrop
  2. Adam Winthrop, abt 27 years old at his father's death, he was granted administration of his father's estate with Martha, Gov Winthrop's widow. [4]
  3. Deane Winthrop
  4. Nathanial Winthrop
  5. Samuel Winthrop, Deputy Governor of Antigua
  6. William Winthrop
  7. Anne Winthrop
  8. Sarah Winthrop [5]

John's wife Margaret died at Boston, Massachusetts 14 June 1647. He married fourth, soon after 20 Dec 1647, Martha Rainsborough, widow of Thomas Coytemore and daughter of William Rainsborough. They had one son:

  1. Joshua Winthrop[2]


  1. Robert Charles Anderson. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, Volumes 1-3; The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volumes 1-6. Boston: New England Historical and Genealogical Society, 1996-2011. 3:2038.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Douglas Richardson, author and Kimball G. Everingham, ed. Royal Ancestry : A Study in Colonial & Medieval Families (Salt Lake City, Utah: Douglas Richardson, 2013), 5:223-4.
  3. Wikipedia for John Winthrop Directly quoted. Wikipedia has an extensively well documented biography with information on family members.
  4. Anderson. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, 3:2039.
  5. Robert Edmond Chester Waters, Esq., B.A. Genealogical Memoirs of the Extinct Family of Chester of Chicheley: Their Ancestors and Descendants, Volume 1 (London: Robson & sons, 1878), 280.
  • Capen, Nahum (ed) (1851). The Massachusetts State Record, Volume 5. Boston: James French. OCLC 1770853. Pages 53-54
  • Hart, Albert Bushnell (ed) (1927). Commonwealth History of Massachusetts. New York: The States History Company. OCLC 1543273. A multi-volume history of Massachusetts, structured as a series of essays on many topics. Page 1:607

See also:

  • Wikipedia: John Winthrop
  • Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, Volumes 3 Boston: New England Historical and Genealogical Society, 1996-2011. Image copy. : 2016.
  • Barghouti, Kim, comp. Handy Book of American Authors, 1907. Online publication - (Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2000). Original data - Louis Harmon Peet. Handy Book of American Authors. New York, USA: Thomas Y. Crowell and Co., 1907.
  • Dunn, R. S. and L. Yeandle, abridged ed. The Journal of John Winthrop, 1630–1649 (1996).
  • Dunn, Richard S. Puritans and Yankees: The Winthrop Dynasty of New England 1962. Reprint, Princeton University Press, 1971.
  • Mayo, Lawrence Shaw. The Winthrop Family in America. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1948. Image accessed 2016.
  • Winthrop, Robert C. Life and Letters of John Winthrop: Governor of the Massachusetts-Bay Company at Their Emigration to New England, 1630. 2 vols. 1864. Image Copy. Reprint, Boston: Little, Brown, 1869.
  • Richardson, Douglas, Royal Ancestry A Study in Colonial & Medieval Families, Vol. 5. Salt Lake City, Utah, 2013.
  • Winthrop, R. C. Life and Letters of John Winthrop 2 vol. 1864–67. Reprint 1971.
  • John Winthrop, Wikipedia
  • Venn, J. A., comp.. Alumni Cantabrigienses. London, England: Cambridge University Press, 1922-1954. Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900. Online publication - (Provo, Utah, USA: Operations Inc, 1999).
  • Waters, Robert Edmond Chester, Esq., B.A. Genealogical Memoirs of the Extinct Family of Chester of Chicheley: Their Ancestors and Descendants, Volume 1. London: Robson & sons, 1878. p 264. Image Copy. ; accessed 2016.
  • Whitmore, William Henry,. Notes on the Winthrop family : and its English connections before its emigration to New England. Albany: J. Munsell, 1864. "Reprinted with additions from the New England historical and genealogical register for April, 1864." Image Copy. : accessed Aug 2016.
  • Winthrop Family Papers. Massachusetts Historical Society. : accessed 2016.
  • Winthrop Papers (5 vol., 1929–47); biographies by J. H. Twichell (1892), E. S. Morgan (1958), G. R. Raymer (1963), and F. J. Bremer (2003).
  • Unsourced Image. Winthrop Family accessed 26 Aug 2016. (; subscription required)
  • Moore, Jacob Bailey. Lives of the Governors of New Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay (C. D. Strong, Boston, 1851) Page 237-72
  • Bridgman, Thomas. Memorials of the Dead in Boston (Benjamin B. Mussey & Co., Boston, 1853) Page 309
  • John Winthrop, Baptism Record: 16 Jan 1587 in Groton, Suffolk, England; parents Adam and Anna. [6]
  • The New England Historical and Genealogical Register for the year 1864. Albany: J. Munsell, 78 State Street. 1864. "Notes on the Winthrop Family And Its English Connections, Viz: The Families of Forth, Clopton, Tyndale and Fones" by William H. Whitmore. pp 182 -
  • Muskett, Joseph James. "Evidences of the Winthrops of Groton, co. Suffolk, England, and of Families in and Near that County, Whom They Intermarried" p. 154. link


More Genealogy Tools

Sponsored Search

Searching for someone else?
First: Last:

No known carriers of John's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

Images: 3
John Winthrop, a founder and governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony
John Winthrop, a founder and governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony

Image of a Puritan family in 16th-century England
Image of a Puritan family in 16th-century England

John Winthrop aboard the Arabella
John Winthrop aboard the Arabella


On 23 Nov 2018 at 23:11 GMT Cheryl (Aldrich) Skordahl wrote:

added the source, Robin. Thanks.

P. S. It is ok for you to add sources under "see also." If someone wants to add information garnered from these sources, they can move them up under the regular source list along with inline citation.

On 23 Nov 2018 at 12:56 GMT Robin Wood wrote:

suggerst adding the folowing source:-

Notes on the Wynthrop family and its English connections. The families of Forth, Clopton....... also Pedigree published in Evidences of the Winthrops of Groton CO. Suffolk, England and of families in and near that county witb whom tbey inmtermarried 1894-1896; page 154

On 23 Apr 2018 at 13:10 GMT Joe Cochoit wrote:

That is incorrect Rebecca. John Winthrop actually had 3 children he named Anne. Two by his first wife and one by his third.

On 23 Apr 2018 at 10:02 GMT Rebecca Snider wrote:

I entered this on G2G but I am posting here too:

Anne Winthrop, daughter #5 of John by Mary is the same profile link as the daughter #7 of John by 3rd wife Margaret. Please verify.

On 1 Jul 2017 at 00:19 GMT Kevin Sands wrote:

According to The Utica Christian Magazine Vol. 2, pg. 144, John was born on the 12 June 1587 in Groton, Suffolk, England. Groton does not appear to be part of the parish of Edwardstone.

On 26 Jun 2017 at 20:24 GMT Marcee Boyd-Winthrop wrote:

Governor John Winthrop is my 9th great grand uncle. I descend from his sister,Anne Winthrop and her husband,Thomas Fones.

On 18 May 2015 at 20:46 GMT Bob Tonsmeire wrote:

Winthrop-40 and Winthrop-12 appear to represent the same person because: Winthrop-12, the first governor of Massachusetts, was referred to as "Captain John Winthrop." There is no other info for Winthrop-40 other than the name "Capt. John Winthrop." For that reason, i suggest the two be merged

On 6 Nov 2014 at 03:48 GMT Doug Lockwood wrote:

John Winthrop is notable.
Join: Notables Project
Discuss: notables

John is 18 degrees from Robin Helstrom, 20 degrees from Katy Jurado and 14 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

W  >  Winthrop  >  John Winthrop