Categories: Winthrop Fleet | Arbella, Winthrop Fleet | English Immigrants to America | Pequot War of 1637 | Kings Chapel Burying Ground, Boston, Massachusetts | Puritan Great Migration | Massachusetts Notables.
||John Winthrop migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640). (See Great Migration Begins, by R. C. Anderson, Vol. -, p. 2038-42)|
Join: Puritan Great Migration Project
|Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony Company (in London)
1st Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony (in the colony)
|2rd Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
1630 - 1634
|6th Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
1637 - 1640
|9th Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
1642 - 1644
|12th Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
1646 - 1649
John Winthrop (12 January 1587  – 26 March 1649) was of a landowning family. He studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, came into a family fortune, and became a government administrator with strong Puritan leanings. He was a wealthy English Puritan lawyer. Born at Edwardstone, near Groton, Suffolk, England, he was one of the leading figures in the founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the first major settlement in New England after Plymouth Colony.
John Winthrop is best known as the Puritan Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, departing England on the flagship Arbella,  leader of The Winthrop Fleet of 1630; the largest fleet of Englishmen ever to depart for the New World.
Winthrop was a deeply religious man, and he believed that the Anglican Church needed to rid itself of Catholic ceremonies. He and his followers decided to leave England because they thought that God would punish their country for this heresy, and they thought they would be safe in the New World.
He was elected governor of the colony on 20 October 1629, before their departure in 1630, and he was re-elected several times after they had arrived in the New World. As governor, he tried to keep the number of executions for heresy to a minimum, and he opposed the veiling of women, which many colonists supported.
Winthrop served as governor for 12 of the colony's first 20 years of existence. His writings and vision of the colony as a Puritan "city upon a hill" dominated New England colonial development, influencing the government and religion of neighboring colonies.
"Winthrop, John, ... He arrived (1630) in the ship Arbella at Salem and shortly founded on Shawmut peninsula the settlement that became Boston. He was - with the possible exception of John Cotton - the most distinguished citizen of Massachusetts Bay colony, serving as governor some 12 times. He helped to shape the theocratic policy of the colony and opposed broad democracy. It was while he was deputy governor and Sir Henry Vane (1613–62) was governor that Winthrop bitterly and successfully opposed the Antinomian beliefs of Anne Hutchinson and her followers, who were supported by Vane. The force of his influence on the history of Massachusetts was enormous. Winthrop's journal, which was edited by J. K. Hosmer and published in 1908 as The History of New England from 1630 to 1649 is one of the most valuable of American historical sources." 
John married first, at Great Stambridge, Essex, England, 16 April 1605, Mary Forth (buried 26 June 1615). They had three sons and three daughters:
John married third, Margaret Tyndall at Great Maplestead, Essex, England on 29 April 1618. They had six sons and two daughters:
John's wife Margaret died at Boston, Massachusetts 14 June 1647. He married fourth, soon after 20 Dec 1647, Martha Rainsborough, widow of Thomas Coytemore and daughter of William Rainsborough. They had one son:
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On 23 Nov 2018 at 23:11 GMT Cheryl (Aldrich) Skordahl wrote:
P. S. It is ok for you to add sources under "see also." If someone wants to add information garnered from these sources, they can move them up under the regular source list along with inline citation.
On 23 Nov 2018 at 12:56 GMT Robin Wood wrote:
Notes on the Wynthrop family and its English connections. The families of Forth, Clopton....... also Pedigree published in Evidences of the Winthrops of Groton CO. Suffolk, England and of families in and near that county witb whom tbey inmtermarried 1894-1896; page 154
On 23 Apr 2018 at 13:10 GMT Joe Cochoit wrote:
On 23 Apr 2018 at 10:02 GMT Rebecca Snider wrote:
Anne Winthrop, daughter #5 of John by Mary is the same profile link as the daughter #7 of John by 3rd wife Margaret. Please verify.
On 1 Jul 2017 at 00:19 GMT Kevin Sands wrote:
On 26 Jun 2017 at 20:24 GMT Marcee Boyd-Winthrop wrote:
On 18 May 2015 at 20:46 GMT Bob Tonsmeire wrote:
On 6 Nov 2014 at 03:48 GMT Doug Lockwood wrote:
John is 18 degrees from Robin Helstrom, 20 degrees from Katy Jurado and 14 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.