Pearl Witherington

Cecile Pearl Witherington (1914 - 2008)

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Cecile Pearl (Pearl) "Marie, Pauline" Witherington aka Cornioley
Born in Paris, Francemap
Daughter of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married (to ) in Kensington, Englandmap
[children unknown]
Died in Loire Valley, Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 20 Aug 2017 | Last significant change: 9 Nov 2018
17:07: Nicolas LaPointe edited the Biography for Pearl Witherington. [Thank Nicolas for this]
This page has been accessed 252 times.

Categories: Women in World War II | World War II Spies | Légion d'honneur | Defence Medal (United Kingdom) | War Medal 1939-1945 | Unconnected Notables | French Notables | British Notables.

Biography

Pearl Witherington is Notable.

Cecile Pearl Witherington was born 24 Feb 1914 in Paris, France to British born parents. She was raised in France, but was a British subject. Pearl did not attend school until she was 13, and after her father succumbed to drink, Pearl had to go out to work as a secretary to ensure that the family had food on the table.[1]

Pearl was employed at the British embassy in Paris and engaged to Henri Cornioley (1910–1999) when the Germans invaded in May 1940. She escaped from occupied France with her mother and three sisters in December 1940. [2]

She eventually arrived in London, where she found work with the Air Ministry, specifically the Women's Auxiliary Air Force.[3]

Determined to fight back against the German occupation of France, and wanting a more active role in the fight, she joined the Britain's Special Operations Executive (SOE) on 8 June 1943.

Given the code name "Marie", Witherington was dropped by parachute into occupied France on 22 September 1943. There she joined Maurice Southgate, leader of the SOE Stationer Network. Over the next eight months, posing as a cosmetics saleswoman, she worked as Southgate's courier.[4]

After the Gestapo arrested Southgate in May 1944 and deported him to Buchenwald concentration camp, Witherington became leader of the new SOE Wrestler Network, under the new code-name "Pauline". [4]

In September 1944, Witherington returned to England where she married Henri Cornioley in Kensington Register Office on 26 October 1944; they had a daughter, Claire. After the war Pearl and Henri returned to Paris. He worked as a pharmaceutical chemist, but failed to prosper in civilian life; she spent the remainder of her career working as the secretary to the Paris office of the World Bank.

With the help of journalist Hervé Larroque, Witherington's autobiography, Pauline, was published in 1997. [5]

Among her awards she received the War Medal 1939–1945, Legion of Honour [6], and the Defence Medal (United Kingdom) [7]

In April 2006, after a six-decade wait, Witherington was awarded her parachute wings, which she considered a greater honour than either the MBE or the CBE. She had completed three training parachute jumps, with the fourth operational. But the chaps did four training jumps, and the fifth was operational - and you only got your wings after a total of five jumps, Witherington said. So I was not entitled - and for 63 years I have been moaning to anybody who would listen because I thought it was an injustice.[8]

Pearl Witherington passed away in a retirement home in the Loire Valley of France, 24 Feb 2008. She was 93 years old. [9] [10] [11]

Sources

  1. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/1579844/Pearl-Cornioley.html
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pearl_Witherington
  3. Women Heroes of World War II. Author: Kathryn J Atwood (2011). Chicago: Chicago Review Press. p. 186. URL: https://www.worldcat.org/title/women-heroes-of-world-war-ii/oclc/988003271
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pearl_Witherington
  5. Memoirs – “Code Name Pauline” URL: https://katevents.wordpress.com/2016/12/06/book-review-a-memoir-code-name-pauline/
  6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legion_of_Honour
  7. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Defence_Medal_(United_Kingdom)
  8. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/4898302.stm
  9. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/1579844/Pearl-Cornioley.html
  10. "United States, GenealogyBank Obituaries, 1980-2014," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QK4K-SBKP : accessed 10 October 2018), Pearl Cornioley, Washington, United States, 09 Mar 2008; from "Recent Newspaper Obituaries (1977 - Today)," database, GenealogyBank.com (http://www.genealogybank.com : 2014); citing Seattle Times, The, born-digital text.
  11. Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 10 October 2018), memorial page for Cecile Pearl “Pauline” Witherington Cornioley (24 Jun 1914–23 Feb 2008), Find A Grave: Memorial #24895814, ; Maintained by Paul Monaghan (contributor 47155457) Unknown.

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DNA
No known carriers of Pearl's ancestors' mitochondrial DNA have taken an mtDNA test and no close relatives have taken a 23andMe, AncestryDNA, or Family Tree DNA "Family Finder" test.

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Images: 4
Pearl Witherington Image 1
Pearl Witherington Image 1

Pearl Witherington Image 2
Pearl Witherington Image 2

Pearl Witherington Image 3
Pearl Witherington Image 3

Henri Cornioley Image 1
Henri Cornioley Image 1

Collaboration

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