Karol Józef Wojtyla

Karol Józef Wojtyla (1920 - 2005)

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Karol Józef (Saint Pope John Paul II) "Lolek, the Great" Wojtyla
Born in Wadowice, Polandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Died in Rome, Rome, Lazio, Italymap
Wojtyla-13 created 16 Jun 2011 | Last modified | Last edit: 4 Dec 2017
10:08: Aaron Gullison edited the Death Place for Saint Pope John Paul II Wojtyla. [Thank Aaron for this | 1 thank-you received]
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Categories: Polish Roots | Notables | Popes | Polish Notables | Saints.

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Saint Pope John Paul II Wojtyla has Polish ancestry.
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Notables
Saint Pope John Paul II Wojtyla is notable.
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Preceded by
John Paul I
Pope of the Roman Catholic Church
16 October 1978 – 2 April 2005
Succeeded by
Benedict XVI

Contents

Biography

Karol Józef Wojtyła was the cardinal of Krakow, Poland. He was elected the 263rd pope of the Catholic Church in 1978, the first ever of Slavic origins and also the first pope from Poland.[1] He took the name John Paul II (Latin: Ioannes Paulus II; Italian: Giovanni Paolo II; Polish: Jan Paweł II).[1][2]

Early Years

Karol Józef Wojtyła, known as "Lolek" by those close to him when he was young, was the second of two sons and youngest child born to Emilia Kaczorowska, who died in 1929 and Karol Wojtyla (senior), who was a non-commissioned army officer and died in 1941 while Karol was away, which is thought to have influenced his decision to go to seminary.[3][4][1] Karol was born in Wadowice near the city of Kraków in southern Poland 18 May 1920.[1][3][5][6][7] He was baptized in the church of St. Mary, Wadowice, Poland 20 June 1920.[2] The early deaths of his parents and brother all made lasting impacts on him.[4][1][3]

Despite tensions between Jewish and Christian communities in Poland, Karol was on good terms with everyone.[4] He was active in football, often subbing on the Jewish team when they were short a player, while playing against the Catholic team.[4][1]

Following high school, Karol and his father moved to Krakow where he would attend the Jagiellonian University, studying philosophy, Polish language and literature, introductory Russian, and Old Church Slavanic.[4][1][7] He spent time as a volunteer librarian.[4] He also completed his compulsory military service, but refused to wield a weapon.[4] By the time he was Pope, Karol could speak at least nine languages fluently.[4]

Seminary and Beyond

At the outbreak of World War II, Karol was working as a messenger for a restaurant while attending university.[4] He would then go on to work as a laborer in a limestone quarry.[4][1] During this time, he entered the underground seminary run by Cardinal Sepieha, which was known to help Jews escape persecution.[4][1][3] One evening while walking home, Karol was hit by a passing German truck. The officers helped him to the hospital where he would recover for two weeks. The entire incident helped concrete Karol's belief that his pursuance of a religious life was what he should be doing.[4][7] Karol survived the massive persecution of Black Sunday by hiding in his home then fleeing to the Archbishop of Krakow's residence, where he would remain until the end of the war.[4]

Karol was ordained a priest in the Catholic church 1 November 1946, All Saints Day, in Krakow, Poland.[8][3][7][1] In the following decade, he was busy, completing two doctorates, writing for local papers, leading small groups dedicated to prayer and healing, teaching at universities, writing poetry and plays, and felt he had achieved a prophesied post of "the highest post in the Church" when he was ordained a Cardinal.[8] His literary works were published under two pseudonyms, Andrzej Jawień and Stanisław Andrzej Gruda.[8] His religious writings were published under his own name.[8] He often joined students and church members in various outdoor activities and sports, as well as holding small group discussions and masses outside.[8][1] Because it was not permitted for students to do many of those activities with their priest, Karol insisted on being called "Wujek", which means "Uncle" in Polish.[8] The nickname stuck with him his entire life, especially in Poland.[8]

In July 1958, Wojtyla was ordained an Auxiliary Bishop of Krakow by Pope Pius XII.[8][3][7][1] He was the youngest Bishop in Poland.[8] He took part in the Second Vatican Council in 1962.[8][1]

On 13 January 1964, Bishop Karol was made Archibishop of Krakow by Pope Paul VI.[8][1][3] By June 1967, he was elected to the Sacred College of Cardinals by Pope Paul VI.[8][7][3] He was part of the council to elect Pope John Paul I following Pope Paul VI's death in 1978.[8] Just 33 days later, Pope John Paul I would die, and Cardinal Karol Wojtyla would be elected Pope.[8]

The Pope

Cardinal Karol Wojtyla was elected as Pope John Paul II during the second papal conclave in 1978, adopting the name of John Paul II after his predecessor, Pope John Paul I.[3][8][1][5][7]

Pope John Paul is remembered for helping to end communism in Poland and throughout Europe.[8][3][1] He was a supporter of the Second Vatican Council, while still maintaining his belief in the Church's stance on contraception and the ordination of women.[8][1] He was instrumental in mending relationships between the Roman Catholic Church and several other religions.[8][2][3]

The Pope was prolific in his canonizing and beatification during his tenure, raising more people than the popes of the previous five centuries.[8][5] He was the second longest serving pope and one of the best traveled.[8][1][5]

Legacy

Pope John Paul II had Parkinson's Disease.[3][7][8][2] As he aged, he also suffered from osteoarthritis.[8] In February 2005, he was hospitalized with influenza, which was causing trouble breathing. He was released and then admitted again for the same troubles.[8][7] By the end of March, he was admitted for a urinary tract infection which led to septic shock.[8] He was cared for and later passed away at his home in that Vatican from heart failure and complications of the sepsis on 2 April 2005.[8][3][5][6][7][3] He was interred in the Chapel of St. Sebastian, Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City, Rome,Italy.[6]

Pope John Paul II's canonization started just one month after his death, the normal five year waiting period waived.[8] Pope John Paul II was beatified on May 1, 2011 in Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope Benedict XVI.[8] He was canonized April 27, 2014 in Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope Francis.[8]

Sources

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 Notable Biographies
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Whitlock, Craig, "Poles Say Goodbye to National Hero", The Journal News, White Plains New York (originally published in Washington Post), 3 April 2005, page 4a. Accessed via Newspapers.com 11 May 2017.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 Stern, Gary, "John Paul II: World mourns as charismatic pope dies at 84", The Journal News, White Plains, New York, pages 1, . Accessed 11 May 2017.
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 Wikipedia Early life of Pope John Paul II
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Karol Wojtyła - strona rodzinna
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Find A Grave Memorial# 10717244 for Pope John Paul II, accessed 11 May 2017
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 The Life and Times: Pope John Paul II, The Journal News, White Plains, New York, page 6. Accessed 11 May 2017.
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 8.17 8.18 8.19 8.20 8.21 8.22 8.23 8.24 8.25 8.26 8.27 Pope John Paul II


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On 19 Jun 2017 at 13:02 GMT D (Smith) Talbot wrote:

On 24 May 2017 at 22:14 GMT Isabelle Rassinot wrote:

Please add category: Saints. Thank you !

On 17 May 2017 at 10:35 GMT Albertus Robert Casimir (Fuller) Jung wrote:

This sentence in the biography: "The Pope was prolific in his canonizing and beatification during his tenure, raising more people than the popes of the previous five centuries.[8][5] He was the second longest serving pope and one of the best traveled" would perhaps be better thus: "During his pontificate Pope John Paul II was prolific in canonising and beatifying, raising more persons to the glory of the altars than all the popes of the previous five centuries together. He was the second longest reigning pope and one of the best travelled." In the biography the verb raise is incomplete without to the glory of the altars, which is the standard expression. One speaks of the Pope's pontificate, not his tenure, of the pope's reign, not service.

On 4 Dec 2016 at 18:48 GMT Piotr Gryko wrote:

On 4 Dec 2016 at 18:40 GMT Sharon (Troy) Centanne wrote:

Would Pope John Paul II have the title Saint John Paul II or Saint Karol Wojtyla now?

On 8 Dec 2015 at 15:07 GMT Maggie N. wrote:

Please add me to the trusted list.

On 26 Oct 2015 at 23:33 GMT László (Kóczy) Kóczy de Borgó et Nagy-Sikárló wrote:

Please add Category: Popes.



Saint Pope John Paul II is 45 degrees from Aaron Copland, 37 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 37 degrees from Barbara Shoff and 28 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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