I am German and I live in Rhineland-Palatinate / Germany. My maternal ancestors came from Savoy and settled after the Thirty Years' War in Bolanden / Donnersbergkreis in the Palatinate. There I search the names Klag, Usner, Wild and Thiel. My paternal ancestors ended in 1883 in Dresden / Saxony, the documents were burned in 1945. There I search for the names Wolf, Kirsche, Legrat, Neubert and Feske. But I suspect more ancestors in Bohemia. Other ancestors came from Bergstrasse / Hesse and also Wallonie. The names are Diehm, Kumpf and Weihs. From my home region on the Rhine, I search the names Sösser, König, Zech, Schmitt, Gerst, Fritz, Gothar and Johannes.
I can read the old German script and offer to translate German texts.
Lothar Wolf has German Roots.
Lothar Wolf has Bavarian origins
Lothar Wolf has Saxonian origins
Lothar Wolf has Hessian origins
Lothar Wolf has Baden origins
Lothar Wolf has Saarland origins
Lothar Wolf has Palatinate origins
Lothar Wolf has French origins.
Lothar Wolf has Savoyen origins
Lothar Wolf has Alsatian origins
Lothar Wolf has Belgian origins.
Lothar Wolf has Walloon origins
Lothar Wolf has Austrian origins
Lothar Wolf has Vorarlberg origins
The Palatinate (Die Pfalz) was part of:
1214 - 1798 Kurpfalz
1798 - 1814 Departement du Mont-Tonnere (Donnersberg)
1814 - 1816 Bayerische Rheinpfalz
1816 - 1835 Bayerischer Rheinkreis
1835 - 1946 Bayerische Pfalz
1946 - Rheinland-Pfalz
The Palatinate is a region in the south of Rhineland-Palatinate in southwestern Germany. It has an area of 5451.13 km² and about 1.4 million inhabitants.
In the 30 Years War 1618-1648, the Palatinate was one of the most affected territories and
lost about three-fifths of its population. After that, the destroyed country lacked people for reconstruction.
Elector Karl I. Ludwig tried to retrieve the scattered Palatine, and also campaigned for colonists from other regions and countries. So it succeeded to settle farmers and artisans from France, Holland, Belgium, England, Scotland and especially from Switzerland and Tyrol in the Palatinate. And the Palatinate, similar to what happened later in large numbers through the colonists in North America, experienced a considerable upswing.
After this upswing, the Palatinate was looted and destroyed by troops of the French General Mélac in the Palatinate War of Succession in 1689. In the years 1717 to 1732 the Palatinate experienced its greatest wave of emigration until then, when about 3000 Mennonites moved to North America for religious reasons.
In the course of the French Revolutionary Wars, the entire left bank of the Rhine and thus the Palatinate were occupied by French troops in the 1790s. The Palatinate territories were combined in 1798 in the Département du Mont-Tonnerre (Donnersberg).
At 686.5 m above sea level, the Donnersberg is the highest mountain range in the North Palatinate Highlands and the entire Palatinate. The name is thought to refer to Donar, the Germanic god of thunder.
In 1809, 66 families, most of whom came from southern Palatinate, which had been devastated by the Napoleonic Wars, accepted the invitation of Tsar Alexander I and emigrated to Russia.
After the collapse of French rule on the Rhine at the turn of the year 1813/14, the General Gouvernement Middle Rhine was formed from the Donnersberg, Saar and Rhein-Mosel, to which the Forêts (Forest Department) was added in March 1814. But already in June of the same year, the area south of the Moselle came under common Bavarian-Austrian administration. The area north of it fell to Prussia.
After the Wars of Liberation and the Vienna Congress (1815), the territorially newly defined Palatinate on the left bank of the Rhine came to the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1816 as the Rhine Circle. The area around Mainz came to the Grand Duchy of Hesse as the province of Rheinhessen.
Under the influence of the French July Revolution of 1830, a major rally for freedom took place at Hambacher Schloss near Neustadt an der Haardt in 1832, which went down in history as the Hambacher Fest.
After the failed March Revolution of 1848 and the Frankfurt National Assembly, Palatinate revolutionaries organized an uprising against the Bavarian government in May 1849. The goal was to create a Palatinate Republic. Within a few weeks, the uprising was crushed by Prussian troops almost without a fight.
The poor economic situation prompted numerous Palatinates to emigrate, especially to North America, until the middle of the 19th century.
In 1557, Palatine Count Ottheinrich introduced the Protestant, or more precisely the Calvinist, faith in the Palatinate, the last of the great secular territories of the empire. Elector Philipp Wilhelm of the Palatinate brought back the Catholic faith in 1685. In this way, there were several denominations in the historic Electoral Palatinate - Catholic, Lutheran, Reformed (Calvinist) and the Mennonites (also Hutterites and Amish) - which was a rare exception in the Old Kingdom.
Wolf, Kirsche, Legrat, Neubert, Feske -> Dresden Region
Knapp, Ludwig: Familienbuch Fürth (Odenwald) Band II 1712-1781
Knapp, Ludwig: Familienbuch Fürth (Odenwald) Band III 1781-1900
Haßloch, Pfalz (2013)
Benedom, Johann: Familien und Einwohner von Haßloch 1495 bis 1900
Heppenheim, Hessen (2012)
Löslein, Ernst: Heppenheim an der Bergstraße I. Die Familien von Heppenheim, Ober-Hambach, Unter-Hambach, Kirschhausen, Wald-Erlenbach, Erbach, Sonderbach, Igelsbach, Mittershausen u. Scheuerberg 1517-1668
Löslein, Ernst: Heppenheim an der Bergstraße II. Die Familien von Heppenheim, Ober-Hambach, Unter-Hambach, Kirschhausen, Wald-Erlenbach, Erbach, Sonderbach, Igelsbach, Mittershausen u. Scheuerberg 1669-1740