Thomas Woodford
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Thomas Woodford (bef. 1614 - 1666)

Thomas Woodford
Born before in Englandmap [uncertain]
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married before 1636 in Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap
Descendants descendants
Died after age 52 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap
Profile last modified | Created 29 Nov 2008
This page has been accessed 6,702 times.
The Puritan Great Migration.
Thomas Woodford migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640). (See Great Migration Begins, by R. C. Anderson, Vol. 3, p. 2057)
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There are disproven, disputed, or competing theories about this person's parents. See the text for details.




Thomas was born by 1614, based on the date he became a freeman.[1] His parents are unknown.[2]


He immigrated from England to Massachusetts on the William and Francis in 1632.[3] He settled first at Roxbury, Massachusetts, then removed to Hartford, Connecticut, 1636 and to Northampton, Massachusetts, in 1656.[2]

He was admitted to the church in Roxbury, in 1632. "Thomas Woodforde, a man servant, he came to N. E. in the yeare. 1632. & was joined to the church about halfe a yeare after, he afterwards marryed mary Blott. & removed to Conecticott & joyned to the church at Hartford"[4]

He became a Massachusetts freeman 4 Mar 1634/5.[5]


By about 1636, Thomas married Mary Blott, daughter of Robert Blott.[1]

Later Life

“3 March 1640: An order concerning graves: It is ordered that Thomas Woodford shall attend the making of graves for any corpses deceased and that no corpses shall be laid less than four feet deep. None that are above four year old shall be laid less than five feet deep. None that be above ten shall be laid less than six feet deep. He shall receive for giving notice, by ringing the bell, making the grave, and keeping it in comely repair, so that it may be known in future time where such graves have been made: for the lesser sort two shillings and six pense, for the middle sort three shillings, for the biggest sort three shillings six pense.” (spelling modernized and punctuation added for readability) [6]

Founders of Hartford Monument: South Face

Thomas Woodford is one of the founders memorialized on the Founders of Hartford Monument in Hartford, Connecticut.


Thomas Woodford died 6 Mar 1666/7[7]


Thomas made his will 26 April 1665. It was proved 26 Mar 1667. He left his entire estate to his three daughters, Mary, Hannah and Sara, mentioning that each also had children. Son Isaac Sheldon was named executor. An inventory valued at £197 19s 6d was taken 12 Mar 1666/7.[8]


Children of Thomas Woodford and Mary Blott include:[1]

  1. Mary b. say 1636; m. by about 1654 Isaac Sheldon
  2. Hannah b. about 1642; m. Northampton 29 Nov 1659 Samuel Allen
  3. Sarah bpt Hartford 2 Sep 1649; m. Northampton 21 Sept 1664. Nehemiah Allen.

Research Notes

Disputed Parents

A previous version of this profile claimed, without source, that he was the son of Joseph Woodford and Alice Upton. They have been detached pending citation of a reliable source for the claim.

Disputed Child

Some researchers have identified Joseph Woodford as an additional child of Thomas Woodford and Mary Blott.[9] The original source for this claim is unknown and Anderson does not list Joseph as one of their children.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, 3 vols. (Boston: NEHGS, 1995), 3:2057-60, at 2059; American Ancestors link for subscribers.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Anderson, Great Migration Begins, at 3:2057.
  3. Hotten, John Camden (editor). The Original Lists of Persons of Quality: Emigrants, Religious Exiles, Political Rebels, Serving Men Sold for a Term of Years, Apprentices, Children Stolen, Maidens Pressed, and Others, who Went from Great Britain to the American Plantations, 1600-1700. (London: John Camden Hotten, 1874.) p. 149
  4. Boston Record Commissioners. Boston Records Commissioners Reports (Rockwell and Churchill, Boston, 1875) Vol. 6. Roxbury Land and Church Records p. 75
  5. Shurtleff, Nathaniel. Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England Vol. 1 1628-1641 (William White, Boston, 1853-) p. 370
  6. Collections of the Connecticut Historical Society, Volume VI. “Hartford Town Votes” p. 48. Hartford, 1897.
  7. Anderson, Great Migration Begins, at 3:2059; citing Manuscript volume of vital records kept by John Pynchon at Connecticut Valley Historical Museum.
  8. Hampshire County, Massachusetts, Probate records, 1660-1916; index, 1660-1971 Vol. 1-4 1660-1780 Vol 1:82
  9. E.g., Lucius Barnes Barbour, Families of Early Hartford, Connecticut, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1977), 693 (posthumous publication of unpublished material collected by Barbour in early 1900s); images, Internet Archive, ( : accessed 29 Jan 2023).
See Also:
  • Cambridge, Massachusetts; Year: 1632; Page Number: 74, U.S. and Canada, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc, 2010. Original data: Filby, P. William, ed. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s. Farmington Hills, MI, USA: Gale Research, 2012.
  • Starr, Frank Farnsworth.. Various ancestral lines of James Goodwin and Lucy (Morgan) Goodwin of Hartford, Connecticut. Hartford, Conn.: unknown, 1915., Vol 2, p. 184 - 191. [access can be found on]
  • American Ancestry Vol. 8, 1893, Hughes, Munsell, p 209. This document states that it follows the male line. Therefore while daughters and granddaughters and their spouses are listed, no children of them are listed.
  • Marriage info updated - "American Marriage Records Before 1699" pp 40, Clemens, William M., Pompton Lakes NJ 1926 (reprint 2004) Baltimore MD

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Comments: 17

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Hello. I notice that Barbour, Lucius Barnes, 1982, "Families of Early Hartford, Connecticut" is listed under "See Also" rather than Sources. I ask for a couple of reasons. 1) Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England is listed as a source and 2) "Families of Early Hartford, Connecticut" clearly lists Joseph Woodford as the son of Thomas, which is not recognized either on this profile or Joseph's. I am new to WikiTree, but feel compelled to ask why?
posted by Jim Hamren
Because WikiTree doesn't understand the meaning of the words "See also" and uses the term interchangeably for a Bibliography/Source list/Works cited section.
posted by Joe Cochoit
Perhaps it would be good to post a proposal on G2G to discuss how the Source list and See Also sections are currently used and how they could/should possibly be changed, in order to get feedback from the member community...?
posted by S (Hill) Willson
Jim - Thank you for flagging this discrepancy. Anderson's Great Migration series is regarded as the authoritative work on these PGM emigrants and the PGM project's practice is to follow Anderson unless there is more recent research or new evidence not available to Anderson which adds to that work. Barbour's material was originally compiled in the early 1900s, so it was available to the GM project and apparently rejected by Anderson. Barnes does not explain what source he was relying upon for the claim that Joseph was Thomas's son. The WikiTree profile for Joseph is Woodford-98, and it says there is no proof of the relationship. So, we need to keep digging for primary sources which might support the claim -- we can't rely on the unsourced claim in Barbor's material alone.
posted by Scott McClain
It should be noted that there are no records to connect Joseph Woodford to Thomas Woodford, other than having the same last name and an estimated birth date which could work for being Thomas' son. The rather complete will of Thomas Woodford names his three daughters only, and certainly reads to me as if he has no other children.
posted by Joe Cochoit
Please add me to the trusted list so that I may monitor activity on this profle. Thank you.
posted by Michael Stills
In the text, right above the monument with all the names on it, why does it start saying "Edward" instead of "Thomas?" This is for Thomas Woodford and I just skimmed through it to see if they used to call him "Edward" but I didn't see anything like that.
posted by Judy (Howard) Shea
Judy, thanks for the catch. It's been fixed.
posted by Scott Carles
Thank you for your work on this wiki for my 10x gr grandfather.

I am reading the name "Edward" where I believe it should be "Thomas" in the first two lines following the picture of the monument and the note regarding Thomas' appointment as keeper of the graves.

posted by Jeannette (Say) Henry
Thank you Jeannette. I think it's fixed now but please check to confirm.
posted by Scott McClain
It appears to be correct. I appreciate your quick response. Thanks!
posted by Jeannette (Say) Henry
There are a lot of children who were not listed by Anderson, not listed in Edward's will and no b/bpt records. Mary, Sarah, and Hannah are ok, the rest need to be disconnected. Objections?
posted by Anne B
If as the body of the profile states Thomas Woodford's "parents are unknown. Joseph Woodford and Alice Upton are speculative" why make the connection on the tree without any support or documentation? Having spent countless hours attempting to find any source of such a relationship, it is frustrating to see his "speculative" parents legitimized without any evidence other than such speculation. It degrades the integrity of process.
posted by Edward Kuntz
edited by Edward Kuntz
Thanks Edward

I am rewriting this biography and will disconnect the parents. Objections to disconnecting?

posted by Anne B
Edward, thanks for catching this. I've detached the parents and added links in the profile. This profile could use some cleanup. It would be helpful to add a research notes section that summarizes attempts to identify his parents so that others don't spend countless hours trying to do so. The citations could Aliso use some cleanup.
posted by Jillaine Smith
Anderson only gives three daughters.

Marriage in Roxbury not sourced.

posted by Michael Stills
Documented in Anderson's Great Migration, p2057
posted by Michael Stills