Appointed in the Army with the rank of First Lieut 23d Infantry Mar 19 1813. Served in the War of 1812 15 with Great Britain as Aide de Camp to Major General Lewis 1813 and to Brig General Scott 1814 in the Campaign on the Northern frontier. being severely wounded in the Battle of Niagara July 25 1814 in garrison at Sackett's Harbor NY 1815-17.
He was promoted to Bvt Captain July 5 1814 for Gallant and Distinguished Conduct in the Battle of Chippewa and then to Bvt Major July 25 1814 for Gallantry and Good Conduct in the Battle of Niagara.
Captain 23d Infantry Aug 19 1814 2d Infantry. May 17 1815 28 Greenbush N Y 1817-19 Plattsburg NY 1819 and Sackett's Harbor NY 1819-20; as Superintendent of Recruiting service 1820; at the Military Academy as Commandant of Cadets and Instructor of Infantry Tactics Mar 17 1820 to Dec 2 1828; Transferred May 17 1821 to 1st Artillery in Re organization of Army ; in garrison at Ft Monroe Va 1829 as Member of the Board of Visitors to the Military Academy 1829; on leave of absence 1829 in garrison at Ft Monroe Va 1829-32; in command of Ft Monroe Arsenal Va 1832; Major Ordnance Corps May 30 1832; Frankfort Arsenal Pa 1832-35; and of Watervliet Arsenal 1835-38; in command of 8th Infantry July Oct 1838; and of Northern Department Oct 1838- Dec 1839; during Canada Border Disturbances in the Colonel 8th Infantry July 7 1838; Florida War against the Seminole Indians 1840-42; commanding District of Tampa Jan May 1841; and the Army in Florida May 1841 to Aug 1842; being engaged in the Attack on Halleck Tustenuggee's Band at Pilaklikaha Apr 19 1842; in command of the Department of Florida Bvt Brio General US Army Mar 1 1842; for Gallantry and Highly Distinguished Services as Commander of the Forces in the War against the Florida Indians 1842-46; in command of brigade 1846-47; and division 1847-48; in the War with Mexico being engaged in the Battle of Monterey Sep 21-23; Bvt Maj General US Army Sep 23 1846; for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct in the Several Conflicts at Monterey Mex 1840; Siege of Vera Cruz Mar 9 29 1847; Battle of Cerro Gordo Apr 17 18 1847; Capture of San Antonio Aug 20 1847; Battle of Churubusco Aug 20 1847; Battle of Molino del Rey Sep 8 1847 Battle of Chapultepee Sep 13 1847; and Assault and Capture of the City of Mexico Sep 13-14 1847; and in command of the Department of Texas and New Mexico Nov 7 1848 to May 7 1849.
Presented by Congress May 2 1847 with a Sword of Honor In testimony of the high sense entertained by Congress of his gallantry and good conduct in Storming Monterey. He was also presented with a Sword by the State of new York in 1848, by his native county Columbia in 1842, and by the State of Louisiana in 1848. The City of new York has erected a Monument to his memory at the junction of Broadway and Fifth Avenue facing Madison Square
Died May 7 1849 at San Antonio Tex Aged 55 
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