Frank Wright

Frank Lincoln Wright (1867 - 1959)

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Frank Lincoln "Lloyd" Wright
Born in Richland Center, Richland, Wisconsinmap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married (to ) [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Phoenix, Maricopa, Arizonamap
Profile last modified | Created 13 Apr 2014
This page has been accessed 2,204 times.

Categories: American Notables | Famous People of the 20th Century | Architecture | Architects | Phi Delta Theta.

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Biography

Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright, June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who designed more than 1000 structures and completed 532 works. Wright believed in designing structures which were in harmony with humanity and its environment, a philosophy he called organic architecture. This philosophy was best exemplified by his design for Fallingwater (1935), which has been called "the best all-time work of American architecture".[1] Wright was a leader of the Prairie School movement of architecture and developed the concept of the Usonian home, his unique vision for urban planning in the United States.

His work includes original and innovative examples of many different building types, including offices, churches, schools, skyscrapers, hotels, and museums. Wright also designed many of the interior elements of his buildings, such as the furniture and stained glass. Wright authored 20 books and many articles and was a popular lecturer in the United States and in Europe. His colorful personal life often made headlines, most notably for the 1914 fire and murders at his Taliesin studio. Already well known during his lifetime, Wright was recognized in 1991 by the American Institute of Architects as "the greatest American architect of all time."

Frank Lloyd Wright was married three times and fathered seven children, four sons and three daughters. He also adopted Svetlana Milanoff, the daughter of his third wife, Olgivanna Lloyd Wright.[77]

His wives were:

Catherine "Kitty" (Tobin) Wright (1871–1959); social worker, socialite (married in June 1889; divorced November 1922) Maude "Miriam" (Noel) Wright (1869–1930), artist (married in November 1923; divorced August 1927) Olga Ivanovna "Olgivanna" (Lazovich Milanoff) Lloyd Wright (1897–1985), dancer and writer (married in August 1928) One of Wright's sons, Frank Lloyd Wright, Jr., known as Lloyd Wright, was also a notable architect in Los Angeles. Lloyd Wright's son (and Wright's grandson), Eric Lloyd Wright, is currently an architect in Malibu, California where he has a practice of mostly residences, but also civic and commercial buildings.

Another son and architect, John Lloyd Wright, invented Lincoln Logs in 1918, and practiced extensively in the San Diego area. John's daughter, Elizabeth Wright Ingraham, was an architect in Colorado Springs, Colorado and died September 15, 2013 of congestive heart failure. She is the mother of Christine, an interior designer in Connecticut, and Catherine, an architecture professor at the Pratt Institute.[78]

Wright designed a house for David Samuel Wright, his son by his first marriage to Catherine, and David's wife, Gladys.[79][80]

The Oscar-winning actress Anne Baxter was Wright's granddaughter. Baxter was the daughter of Catherine Baxter, a child born of Wright's first marriage. Baxter's daughter, Melissa Galt, currently lives and works in Atlanta as an interior designer.[78]

His step-daughter Svetlana (daughter of Olgivanna) and her son Daniel died in an automobile accident in 1946. Her widower, William Wesley Peters, was later briefly married to Svetlana Alliluyeva, the youngest child and only daughter of Joseph Stalin. They divorced after she could not adjust to the communal lifestyle of the Wright communities, which she compared to life in the Soviet Union under her father, and because of the constant interference of Wright's widow. Peters served as Chairman of the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation from 1985 to 1991.

A great-grandson of Wright, S. Lloyd Natof, currently lives and works in Chicago as a master woodworker who specializes in the design and creation of custom wood furniture.[81]

Frank Lloyd Wright was born in 1867 in Richland Center, Wisconsin, the son of William Carey Wright (1825 - 1904) and Anna Lloyd (Jones) Wright (1838 - 1923).

Frank married first Catherine Lee "Kitty" (Tobin) Wright (1871-1959) on 1 Jun 1889 in Chicago, Cook County, Illinois. Their children were:

  1. Frank Lloyd Wright, Jr. (1890–1978)
  2. John Lloyd Wright (1892–1972)
  3. Catherine Dorothy Wright (1894–1979)
  4. David Samuel Wright (1896–1997)
  5. Frances Lloyd Wright (1898–1959)
  6. Robert Llewellyn Wright (1903–1986)

Frank married second Maude Miriam (Hicks) Wright (1869-1930) on 19 November 1923 in Illinois. They had no children.

Frank married third Olga Ivanovna (Lloyd) Wright (1898-1985) on 25 Aug 1929. Their children were:

  1. Svetlanna Hinzenberg Wright (1917–1946)
  2. Private


Frank Lloyd Wright died in 1959 in Phoenix, Arizona and was buried at Taliesin West, Scottsdale, Maricopa County, Arizona.

Notes

Notable architect. He designed office, hotel and museum buildings, as well as dwellings for rich and poor, that were constructed across America and internationally, some of which were controversial and impractical (such as New York's Guggenheim Museum, which because of its futuristic design of curves and sweeps does not allow for space to exhibit paintings) The main concentration of his structures are located in Oak Park, Illinois, while other commissions were completed years after his death such as the stunning lakefront Monono Terrace Community and Convention Center located in Madison, Wisconsin. Born in Richland Center, Wisconsin, his father deserted the family and left them to fend for themselves much as Frank himself did when he simply abandoned his first wife and four children and moved in with his neighbor Margaret (Mamah) Cheney. She became the tragedy of his life when murdered along with her two children and two others by the family servant at his residence, who then set fire to the dwelling in a dispute over his salary. He resided summers in Wisconsin and winters at his estate in Arizona. In the Spring of 1959, intestinal blockage surgery failed and Frank Lloyd Wright died at the age of ninety-one. The body was returned to his 1,600 acre estate at Spring Green, Wisconsin. After a service, a horse and wagon carried his body from Unity Chapel to where the graves of many members of the Wright family (his mother, his mistress Mamah and her two children) are interred. His first wife, Kitty had died at age 92 a few weeks before. However, after the death of Olgivanna Wright his last wife, his body was disinterred, his remains cremated and his ashes mixed with Olivanna's and then divided: some spread over the Arizona desert and the rest interred on the Wright estate. (bio by: Donald Greyfield)

Sources


  • Secrest, Meryle (1998). Frank Lloyd Wright: A Biography. University of Chicago Press. p. 58.
  • Alofsin, Anthony (1993). Frank Lloyd Wright--the Lost Years, 1910–1922: A Study of Influence. University of Chicago Press. p. 359. ISBN 0-226-01366-9; Hersey, George (2000). Architecture and Geometry in the Age of the Baroque. University of Chicago Press. p. 205.
  • An Autobiography, by Frank Lloyd Wright, Duell, Sloan and Pearce, New York City, 1943, p. 51
  • Frank Lloyd Wright: A Biography, by Meryle Secrest, University of Chicago Press, 1992, p.72
  • Frank Lloyd Wright: A Biography, by Meryle Secrest, p. 82
  • Wright, Frank Lloyd (2005). Frank Lloyd Wright: An Autobiography. Petaluma, CA: Pomegranate Communications. pp. 60–63. ISBN 0-7649-3243-8.
  • "United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MN4Z-YGK : 15 July 2017), Frank Wright in household of W C Wright, Madison, Dane, Wisconsin, United States; citing enumeration district ED 74, sheet 106D, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 1421; FHL microfilm 1,255,421.
  • "United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MS7D-BC5 : accessed 2 February 2018), Frank L Wright, Cicero Township Cicero town, Cook, Illinois, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 1146, sheet 20A, family 351, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,240,292.
  • "United States Census, 1910," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MKHV-PW4 : accessed 2 February 2018), Frank L Wright, Oak Park, Cook, Illinois, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 71, sheet 12B, family 226, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 239; FHL microfilm 1,374,252.
  • "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MF22-PT1 : accessed 2 February 2018), Frank Ll Wright, Wyoming, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States; citing ED 170, sheet 7A, line 50, family 134, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 1989; FHL microfilm 1,821,989.
  • "United States Census, 1930," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X9QN-XNZ : accessed 2 February 2018), Frank Loyd Wright, Wyoming, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 28, sheet 6B, line 97, family 130, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 2573; FHL microfilm 2,342,307.
  • "United States Census, 1940," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K7F1-R1J : accessed 2 February 2018), Frank Lloyd Wright, Wyoming Town, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 25-30, sheet 61A, line 11, family 32, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 - 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 4483.
  • "Illinois, Cook County, Birth Certificates, 1871-1940," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NQYC-8DH : 18 May 2016), Frank Lloyd Wright in entry for Lloyd Wright, 31 Mar 1890; Chicago, Cook, Illinois, United States, reference/certificate cn 12390, Cook County Clerk, Cook County Courthouse, Chicago; FHL microfilm 1,287,791.
  • "United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MN4G-W3P : 24 August 2017), Frank L Wright in household of James L Jones, Wyoming, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States; citing enumeration district ED 160, sheet 248A, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 1429; FHL microfilm 1,255,429.
  • "United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MN4Z-YGK : 15 July 2017), Frank Wright in household of W C Wright, Madison, Dane, Wisconsin, United States; citing enumeration district ED 74, sheet 106D, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 1421; FHL microfilm 1,255,421.
  • "Illinois, Cook County Marriages, 1871-1920," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/N7XW-59Z : 10 March 2018), Frank Lloyd Wright and Catharina S. C. Tobin, 01 Jun 1889; citing Chicago, Cook, Illinois, 139955, Cook County Courthouse, Chicago; FHL microfilm 1,030,182.
  • "United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MS7D-BC5 : accessed 20 April 2018), Frank L Wright, Cicero Township Cicero town, Cook, Illinois, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 1146, sheet 20A, family 351, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,240,292.
  • "United States Passport Applications, 1795-1925," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVJG-2CMP : 16 March 2018), Frank Lloyd Wright, 1919; citing Passport Application, Wisconsin, United States, source certificate #146806, Passport Applications, January 2, 1906 - March 31, 1925, Roll 1004, NARA microfilm publications M1490 and M1372 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • "United States Census, 1910," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MKHV-PW4 : accessed 20 April 2018), Frank L Wright, Oak Park, Cook, Illinois, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 71, sheet 12B, family 226, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 239; FHL microfilm 1,374,252.
  • "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MF22-PT1 : accessed 20 April 2018), Frank Ll Wright, Wyoming, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States; citing ED 170, sheet 7A, line 50, family 134, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 1989; FHL microfilm 1,821,989.


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Images: 4
Franklin Wright Image 1
Franklin Wright Image 1

Frank Lloyd Wright 2 Cents US Postage
Frank Lloyd Wright 2 Cents US Postage

Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright younger
Frank Lloyd Wright younger

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On 20 Jul 2018 at 18:59 GMT Judith Robinson wrote:

Wright-11218 and Wright-31026 appear to represent the same person because: Same years, name, dates, pictures etc. Same person!

On 14 Nov 2017 at 18:23 GMT Tina (Inman) Pobocek wrote:

11Th cousin 3x removed! Love love love his work always and to be in any way connected to him is awesome.

On 3 Feb 2015 at 19:36 GMT Charlotte Shockey wrote:

Always loved his Architecture... 11th cousin 4x removed.

On 14 Oct 2014 at 05:27 GMT Carleton Procter wrote:

Frank Lloyd Wright is my 11th cousin 3 times removed.

I've grown up loving the Arts, and Wright's work, ideas, and Architecture. My brother, Christopher A. Procter, RIBA, followed in Wright's footsteps as an Architect and Furniture Designer also. He, and his Architect Partner, Fernando Rihl, RIBA, founded and run their firm, Procter-Rihl Studio, and also their furniture company, Spatial Interference, in London, England. Their website is :

www.procter-rihl.com



Frank is 29 degrees from Rosa Parks, 25 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 16 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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