Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright, June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who designed more than 1000 structures and completed 532 works. Wright believed in designing structures which were in harmony with humanity and its environment, a philosophy he called organic architecture. This philosophy was best exemplified by his design for Fallingwater (1935), which has been called "the best all-time work of American architecture". Wright was a leader of the Prairie School movement of architecture and developed the concept of the Usonian home, his unique vision for urban planning in the United States.
His work includes original and innovative examples of many different building types, including offices, churches, schools, skyscrapers, hotels, and museums. Wright also designed many of the interior elements of his buildings, such as the furniture and stained glass. Wright authored 20 books and many articles and was a popular lecturer in the United States and in Europe. His colorful personal life often made headlines, most notably for the 1914 fire and murders at his Taliesin studio. Already well known during his lifetime, Wright was recognized in 1991 by the American Institute of Architects as "the greatest American architect of all time."
Frank Lloyd Wright was married three times and fathered seven children, four sons and three daughters. He also adopted Svetlana Milanoff, the daughter of his third wife, Olgivanna Lloyd Wright.
His wives were:
Catherine "Kitty" (Tobin) Wright (1871–1959); social worker, socialite (married in June 1889; divorced November 1922) Maude "Miriam" (Noel) Wright (1869–1930), artist (married in November 1923; divorced August 1927) Olga Ivanovna "Olgivanna" (Lazovich Milanoff) Lloyd Wright (1897–1985), dancer and writer (married in August 1928) One of Wright's sons, Frank Lloyd Wright, Jr., known as Lloyd Wright, was also a notable architect in Los Angeles. Lloyd Wright's son (and Wright's grandson), Eric Lloyd Wright, is currently an architect in Malibu, California where he has a practice of mostly residences, but also civic and commercial buildings.
Another son and architect, John Lloyd Wright, invented Lincoln Logs in 1918, and practiced extensively in the San Diego area. John's daughter, Elizabeth Wright Ingraham, was an architect in Colorado Springs, Colorado and died September 15, 2013 of congestive heart failure. She is the mother of Christine, an interior designer in Connecticut, and Catherine, an architecture professor at the Pratt Institute.
Wright designed a house for David Samuel Wright, his son by his first marriage to Catherine, and David's wife, Gladys.
The Oscar-winning actress Anne Baxter was Wright's granddaughter. Baxter was the daughter of Catherine Baxter, a child born of Wright's first marriage. Baxter's daughter, Melissa Galt, currently lives and works in Atlanta as an interior designer.
His step-daughter Svetlana (daughter of Olgivanna) and her son Daniel died in an automobile accident in 1946. Her widower, William Wesley Peters, was later briefly married to Svetlana Alliluyeva, the youngest child and only daughter of Joseph Stalin. They divorced after she could not adjust to the communal lifestyle of the Wright communities, which she compared to life in the Soviet Union under her father, and because of the constant interference of Wright's widow. Peters served as Chairman of the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation from 1985 to 1991.
A great-grandson of Wright, S. Lloyd Natof, currently lives and works in Chicago as a master woodworker who specializes in the design and creation of custom wood furniture.
Frank Lloyd Wright was born in 1867 in Richland Center, Wisconsin, the son of William Carey Wright (1825 - 1904) and Anna Lloyd (Jones) Wright (1838 - 1923).
Frank married first Catherine Lee "Kitty" (Tobin) Wright (1871-1959) on 1 Jun 1889 in Chicago, Cook County, Illinois. Their children were:
Frank married second Maude Miriam (Hicks) Wright (1869-1930) on 19 November 1923 in Illinois. They had no children.
Frank married third Olga Ivanovna (Lloyd) Wright (1898-1985) on 25 Aug 1929. Their children were:
Frank Lloyd Wright died in 1959 in Phoenix, Arizona and was buried at Taliesin West, Scottsdale, Maricopa County, Arizona.
Notable architect. He designed office, hotel and museum buildings, as well as dwellings for rich and poor, that were constructed across America and internationally, some of which were controversial and impractical (such as New York's Guggenheim Museum, which because of its futuristic design of curves and sweeps does not allow for space to exhibit paintings) The main concentration of his structures are located in Oak Park, Illinois, while other commissions were completed years after his death such as the stunning lakefront Monono Terrace Community and Convention Center located in Madison, Wisconsin. Born in Richland Center, Wisconsin, his father deserted the family and left them to fend for themselves much as Frank himself did when he simply abandoned his first wife and four children and moved in with his neighbor Margaret (Mamah) Cheney. She became the tragedy of his life when murdered along with her two children and two others by the family servant at his residence, who then set fire to the dwelling in a dispute over his salary. He resided summers in Wisconsin and winters at his estate in Arizona. In the Spring of 1959, intestinal blockage surgery failed and Frank Lloyd Wright died at the age of ninety-one. The body was returned to his 1,600 acre estate at Spring Green, Wisconsin. After a service, a horse and wagon carried his body from Unity Chapel to where the graves of many members of the Wright family (his mother, his mistress Mamah and her two children) are interred. His first wife, Kitty had died at age 92 a few weeks before. However, after the death of Olgivanna Wright his last wife, his body was disinterred, his remains cremated and his ashes mixed with Olivanna's and then divided: some spread over the Arizona desert and the rest interred on the Wright estate. (bio by: Donald Greyfield)
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On 20 Jul 2018 at 18:59 GMT Judith Robinson wrote:
On 14 Nov 2017 at 18:23 GMT Tina (Inman) Pobocek wrote:
On 3 Feb 2015 at 19:36 GMT Charlotte Shockey wrote:
On 14 Oct 2014 at 05:27 GMT Carleton Procter wrote:
I've grown up loving the Arts, and Wright's work, ideas, and Architecture. My brother, Christopher A. Procter, RIBA, followed in Wright's footsteps as an Architect and Furniture Designer also. He, and his Architect Partner, Fernando Rihl, RIBA, founded and run their firm, Procter-Rihl Studio, and also their furniture company, Spatial Interference, in London, England. Their website is :
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