Edward IV (b. 28 Apr 1442 Rouen), son of Richard 'the protector', 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville, was the first Yorkist king.
He inherited his father's titles, Duke of York, Earl of Ulster, and Earl of Cambridge on 30 December 1460. On 4 March 1461, Parliament proclaimed him the King of England. He was crowned at Westminster Abbey on 28 June 1461. He was deposed in favour of King Henry VI on 3 October 1470. On 11 April 1471, he was restored to the throne. During this time two major events occurred, the War of the Roses began and he secretly married Elizabeth Wydeville.
He married Elizabeth Wydeville on 1 May 1464 at Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire. They had 10 children He enlarged the park around Greenwich Palace and stocked it with deer, and presented it to Elizabeth, his Queen. Edward also had at least 4 illegitimate children.
Edward spent the first half of his reign involved in the Wars of the Roses, until he finally beat the Lancastrians at Tewkesbury. Peace lasted from 04 May 1471 until he died 09 April 1483, at Westminster Palace. He was buried at St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle at Windsor, Berkshire, England.
m.2 John Welles, 1st Viscount Welles. They had two daughters, Elizabeth (wife of Thomas Stanley). She died the same year. and Anne (died young).
m.3 Thomas Kyme. They had no issue.
4. Edward V, K.G., (04 Nov 1470 – 1483?). Generally accepted to have died young.
5. Margaret "died young" (19 Apr 1472 – 11 Dec 1472).
6. Richard, K.G., K.B. (17 Aug 1473 – 1483?). He married on 15 Jan. 1477. They had no issue, and he died young.
7. Anne (02 Nov 1475 – 23 Nov 1511) m. Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk. They had one son, Thomas.
8. George, (otherwise George Of Windsor) (Mar 1477 – Mar 1479). Died young.
9. Katherine (14 Aug 1479 – 15 Nov 1527). She married William Courtenay, 1st Earl of Devon. They had two sons, Henry, K.G. [19th Earl of Devon, Marquess of Exeter], and Edward, and one daughter, Margaret.
1. Margaret (c.1464) m. Thomas Lumley, Knt. of Lumley, Durham. (1462 - 13 Nov. 1507). They had four sons, and three daughters. Note: often incorrectly named as Elizabeth.
2. Arthur, (otherwise Arthur Wayte), K.G. 1st Viscount Lisle (1460/70s – 3 Mar 1542). He married (1st) 12 Nov. 1511 Elizabeth Grey. They had three daughters. His wife, Elizabeth, was living 10 august 1530. He married (2nd) before 20 Feb. 1530/1 Honor Grenville. They had no issue.
alleged mistress. Katherine Clavenger, dau. of Sir Robert Clavenger, Yeoman of the King's Chamber. Issue:
unknown mistresses. Issue:
1. Grace (went to Elizabeth Woodville's funeral in 1492).
3. Mary, married Henry Harman of Ellam. Henry was the son of Thomas and Elizabeth Harman. He left a will, dated 31 March 1501, naming his deceased wife, Agnes, his living wife Mary, and eleven children, George, William, Thomas, Roger, John, Henry, Robert, Elizabeth (wife of _____ Sparke), Alice, Beatrice, and Anne. The maternity of the children is uncertain. but at least the two youngest sons were by Henry Harman's last wife, Mary.
Edward's only surviving will is dated 1475. The one from his death bed that hands over the reins to Richard III disappeared. But in the 1475 version, he gives his wife (chief executor), care of his son. "No provision was made for a minority. The Queen was to have any household goods she wanted and the power to dispose of the rest. Her daughters were also to be governed and ruled by her in their choice of husbands."
Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham (Salt Lake City, Utah: the author, 2013); Vol IV, page 129; "Groby 16", Vol. III, pp. 160-161; Vol. V., p. 426, pp. 457-8; "York 13", Vol V, pp. 460-471,
Illegitimate children of Edward IV of England, by a mistress, Elizabeth Wayte, widow of _____ Lucy, and daughter of Thomas Wayte, Esq., of Hampshire.
ELIZABETH PLANTAGENET, married before 1477 THOMAS LUMLEY, Knt.,
ARTHUR PLANTAGENET (otherwise ARTHUR WAYTE), K.G., probably born about 1470. He married ELIZABETH GREY, daughter and heiress of Edward Grey, Knt., 3rd Viscount Lisle), by his 1st wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Talbot, Knt., 1st Viscount Lisle.
Ashley, M (2002). A Brief History of British Kings and Queens, (pp.211-216). Philadelphia, PA: Running Press Book Publishers. Print.
Cawley, C. (2006). "House of York: Descendants of Edmund of Langley." Medieval Lands v3. fmg.ac.
Weir, A. (2008). Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy. London: Vintage Books. eBook.
Weir, A. (2011). The Princes in the Tower. Random House Publishing Group. Google Books.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Edward IV by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: