Edmund (17 May 1443 – 30 Dec 1460) was the fifth child and second surviving son of Richard, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville. He was born at Rouen, and created Earl of Rutland by Henry VI probably before 1454. He died after the Battle of Wakefield at seventeen years old.
Lord Chancellor of Ireland
In 1451, Edmund's father, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, appointed Edmund as Lord Chancellor of Ireland. Underage, Edmond's duties were held by Deputy Chancellors. This was acknowledged by the Irish parliament, just beginning to assert its independence.
Death and burial
(Royal Ancestry) He was slain with his father at Wakefield 29 Dec. 1460. He was buried in the church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, but, in 1466, his body was removed to Fotheringhay, Northampshire. His parents were buried at the church there.
(Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Edmund, Earl of Rutland, was killed at the battle of Wakefield in 1460 with father, Richard, Duke of York. The two bodies were interred in the priory of St. John the Evangelist near Pontefract Castle in Yorkshire. On 21 June 1476 Edward IV had the bodies of York and Rutland exhumed and place in hearses installed in the choir of Pontefract priory church. Preparing for burial of both at the church of Frotheringhay in Northamptonshire, their coffin-carriages proceeded to Frotheringhay accompanied by the duke's son, Richard of Gloucester and other lords, and arrived there on 29 July. York's coffin and effigy were installed in a hearses standing in the choir, and the Earl of Rutland's coffin similarly arranged in the Lady Chapel. In 1496 York's wife and Rutland's mother, Cicely Neville, was buried beside her husband as instructed by her will made the same year.
The Fotheringhay abbey surrendered to the crown in 1538 in Henry VIII's Dissolution of the Monasteries and by the 1550s the choir had become a ruin. In 1573 the choir was demolished, and the Yorkist remains reinterred beneath neo-classical monuments at the east end of the old nave. Richard, Duke of York and Cicely Neville lie north of the high altar, and Edmund, Earl of Rutland, and Edward, Duke of York to the south.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Edmund of York used the arms of the kingdom, differentiated by a label argent per pale lions purpure (for his grandmother, Isabel of Castile and León) and torteaux (presumably three each) gules (for York).
Escutcheon: Quarterly, 1st, quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of five points Argent the two dexter points charged with lions rampant purpure and three sinister points each with three torteaux, 2nd and 3rd de Burgh, 4th Mortimer.
Symbolism: Both Edward (later King Edward IV) and Edmund quartered the arms of de Burgh and Mortimer, emphasizing descent from Lionel of Antwer to boost the Yorkist claim to the throne.
Royal Ancestry D. Richardson 2013 Vol. V p. 457
Royal Tombs of Medieval England M. Duffy 2003 p. 241-242
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Edmund by comparing test results with other carriers of his ancestors' Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: