Edward V (York) Plantagenet KG
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Edward (York) Plantagenet KG (1470 - aft. 1483)

Edward (Edward V) "King of England" Plantagenet KG formerly York
Born in Palace of Westminster, Westminster, London, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
[spouse(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died after [location unknown]
Profile last modified | Created 3 May 2012
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Preceded by
Edward IV
King of England
09 Apr 1483 – 26 Jun 1483
Succeeded by
Richard III

Biography

The House of York crest.
Edward V (York) Plantagenet KG is a member of the House of York.
Titles of Sir Edward Plantagenet: (Royal Ancestry)
Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester 26 June 1471
Duke of Cornwall 17 July 1471
Guardian and Lieutenant of England 1475
Earl of March and Earl of Pembroke 8 July 1479
King of England 9 April 1483

Edward was born in the sanctuary at the Palace of Westminster, London, while his father was in exile.

Edward V, and his brother Richard were known as the "Prince's in the Tower." He was deposed on 25 June 1483 and usurped by his uncle, Richard III. Twelve-year-old Edward V and his 9-year-old brother Richard, Duke of York, were moved to the Tower of London shortly after their father's death, in the name of protection. It's thought he and his younger brother were sent to the Tower of London and murdered when he was only twelve.[1]

A body of a 12-year-old male was later discovered in the Tower on 6 July 1933, but Edward was officially buried at Westminster Abbey in 1674.[2]

Death of Edward V

(Royal Tombs of Medieval England) King Edward IV died on 9 April 1483. Later that month the Privy Council announced that his eldest son, Edward would be crowned on 4 May. On 10 May the coronation was delayed until 24 June. Edward was confined to the Tower of London, and on June 16 he was joined by his brother Richard, Duke of York (b.1472). On 6 July, Richard, Duke of Gloucester was crowned king. Richard's first parliament declared the princes illegitimate on the grounds of a pre-contract between Edward IV and Lady Eleanor Butler, daughter of Ralph Butler, Lord Sudley.

As early as July 1483 it was rumored that the princes had been murdered and secretly buried in the Tower, an account later repeated by Edmund Hall. Weever claimed that Richard III had their bodies exhumed and thrown into the Thames in holed coffins. Counter-rumors that one or both of the princes had survived persisted into the 1490s, prompting a series of pretenders. In 1674 workmen digging near a staircase leading to a chapel in the White Tower found a wooden chest containing two skeletons. The remains were thought to be those of the princes, even though other skeletons had been unearthed in the Tower. Four years later the remains were installed in Westminster Abbey in the north aisle of Henry VII's Chapel, housed in a marble urn designed by Christopher Wren. The sarcophagus stands today at the east end of the north aisle. But the conclusions over whose bones were found in the seventeenth century and entombed in Westminster Abbey have since been contested, and have never been satisfactorily resolved.

Sources

  1. "Richard III: January 1484," in Parliament Rolls of Medieval England, ed. Chris Given-Wilson, Paul Brand, Seymour Phillips, Mark Ormrod, Geoffrey Martin, Anne Curry and Rosemary Horrox (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2005), British History Online, accessed January 11, 2021, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/parliament-rolls-medieval/january-1484.
  2. Westminster Abbey: Edward V
  • Royal Ancestry D. Richardson 2013 Vol. III p. 464
  • Royal Tombs of Medieval England M. Duffy 2003 p. 259-260

See also:

  • BBC: Edward V.


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Comments: 3

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Thank you for your reply. I posted this to flush out others with similar interest in the subject. My posting claimed that I don't believe they were actually invested. I've read that they were 12 and 9 when Richard III took the throne. Did they invest 12 year olds?
posted by John Akard III
In 1475 both Edward and his brother Richard were nominated to the Order of the Garter. I don't believe they were actually invested. See URL https://www.heraldica.org/topics/orders/garterlist.htm
  1. 214 and #215.
posted by John Akard III
edited by John Akard III
I don't think that just because there is only a nominated date, we should assume they weren't invested. The list of Knights of the Garter in The Complete Peerage, 2nd ed., vol 2, Appendix B https://archive.org/details/completepeerageo02coka/page/544/mode/2up has many knights with just a nominated date and there is no note against either Edward Prince of Wales, or his brother Richard that indicates they didn't actually receive the garter. Nor does the article for Richard, Duke of York, in The Complete Peerage, vol. 12(2), p. 911 have anything that implies he was not invested. I think it it is more likely that the nominated date is the only date known and I can't imagine there would be any impediment to the sons of the reigning King being invested with the Order of the Garter?
posted by John Atkinson

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