Chief Justice and Chamberlain of South Wales 1470-71
Warden of the West Marches Toward Scotland 1470
Great Chamberlain of England 1471-2, 1478
Chief Justice of Chester and North Wales 1471
Warden of the Forests north of Trent 1472
Sheriff of Cumberland 1475-83
Chief Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster (northern parts)
Lieutenant-General in the North 1480-3
Protector and Defender of the Realm 1483
and in the right of his wife:
lord of Bergavenny, Glamorgan amd Morgannwg in Wales
Richard III, (02 Oct 1452 – 22 Aug 1485) was the last Yorkist king. His brief reign lasted from 1483 until he was killed at Bosworth Field in 1485. This event is sometimes regarded as the end of the English Middle Ages.
After Edward IV died, the Duke of Gloucester rushed to London to be proclaimed Protector of the Kingdom, and usurp Edward V, the Prince in the Tower.
On 7 August 1485, Henry Tudor, earl of Richmond, came out of exile in France, and landed in England with an army to fight at Bosworth. Although Richard's forces were larger than Henry's, many of his most powerful nobles defected at a critical moment. But Richard stood ground and died fighting,  effectively ending the reign of the Plantagenets 
(Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Richard III died at Bosworth on 22 August 1485. His body was displayed with some irony in the Lancastrian mausoleum of St. Mary in the Newarke, Leicester, 'naked and despoiled to the skyne, and nothynge left above hym not so much as a clowe to cover his pryve members', before burial in the choir of the Franciscan friary church, Leicester, a church with no tradition of royal or aristocratic burial. Richard appears to have had a tomb commissioned by Henry VII himself. An eighteenth-century transcript of wardrobe accounts record the payment in 1495 to James Keyley for 'King Richard tombe'. This may have been the monument that was the subject of a Chancery Court hearing in 1496, involving a contract drawn up the previous year at Newark between the royal commissioners. Speed claimed Richard's tomb had an alabaster effigy, which was broken up after the surrender of the Leicester friary in 1538 under Henry VIII's Dissolution of the Monasteries, at which time the king's bones were scattered. Tradition has it that Richard's displaced tomb-chest was later used as a water-trough. Leland's account of the friary church in the 1530s records Richard's burial but makes no mention of a tomb. No will survives for Richard III, and there is no evidence that he considered his burial place or commissioned a monument during his lifetime.
In 2012, archaeologists found Richard's skeleton in a Leicester parking lot. Examination of his DNA matched maternal descendants, but disputes Richard's paternal line.
That said, the initial findings of King et. al (2014), could not pin down the date of the affair. Since it's unknown if it happened before or after Richard's existence, DNA can't be relied upon to identify the correct genetic genealogical pedigree:
"The Y-chromosome haplotype from Skeleton 1 does not match that of male-line relatives of Richard III, ... a false-paternity event could have occurred in any of the intervening generations."
Remains also revealed that Richard's spine was curved, but supposedly didn't effect his appearance. While the initial analysis of Richard's skeletal remains dubbed this condition "severe", later reports by the BBC state his deformity could be hidden by clothing.
Richard's re-interment at Leicester Cathedral began 22 March 2015. The date of the ceremony is 26 March 2015.
Cardinal Vincent Nichols led Requiem Mass, and stated that Richard, "reshaped vital aspects of the legal system, developing the presumption of innocence, the concept of blind justice and the practice of granting bail rather than being held in jail. He established the Court of Requests to give wider access to justice and insisted on the translation into English of all written laws and statutes so that they were readily accessible to all." He also described Richard as, "a man of prayer," with, "an anxious devotion.'"
Ten wounds discovered on skeleton - Richard III killed by trauma to the back of the head. Part of the skull sliced off ... likely killed by one of two fatal injuries it, one possibly from a sword and one possibly from a halberd.
Feet truncated at unknown point in past, but significant time after the burial
↑ 1.01.11.21.31.4 Alison Weir. The Princes in the Tower, New York, New York: Ballantine Books, August 1995, p 215
↑ 2.02.1 Collier's Encyclopedia (Macmillan Education Company, New York, copyright 1985), Collier's Encyclopedia, Vol 10, p. 310., Volume 20, p 68
↑ 3.03.13.23.3 Allison Weir, The Wars of the Roses. New York City, New York: Ballantine Books, July 1996
↑ 4.04.14.2 John Cannon & Ralph Griffiths, The Oxford Illustrated History of the British Monarchy (University of Oxford, Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX26DP, England: Oxford University Press, 2000), Pages 268, 294, 296, 657
↑ 5.05.15.2 Mike Ashley. British Kings & Queens, A Brief History of British Kings & Queens, New York, NY:Carroll & Graff Publishers , 2002, p 442
↑ 9.09.19.29.39.49.5 King, T.E., Fortes, G.G., Balaresque, P., Thomas, M.G., Balding, D., Pierpaolo Maisano Delser, P.M., Neumann, R., Parson, W., Knapp, M., Walsh, S., Tonasso, L., Holt, J., Kayser, M., Appleby, J., Forster, P., Ekserdjian, D., Hofreiter, M. & Schürer, K. (2014). Identification of the remains of King Richard III. Nature Communications. doi:10.1038/ncomms6631
↑ According to a sixteenth-century legend of a note, warning of treachery, that was sent to the Duke of Norfolk on the eve of Bosworth: "Jack of Norffolke be not to bolde, For Dyckon thy maister is bought and solde".
↑ 22.022.1Wikipedia: Richard III of England. (See Kendall, Paul Murray (1956). Richard the Third. W. W. Norton.); or Immediately after the coronation of Edward IV, 4 June 1461, Richard was declared Duke of Gloucester,
↑ coronation: Westminster Abbey; Richard was king for 26 months, one of the shortest reigns in English history
↑ Milner, E. (1904). Records of the Lumleys of Lumley Castle, (pp.14). Edith Benham, ed. London: George Bell & Sons. Google Books.
Richard III of England's DNA has been tested for genealogical purposes. It may be possible to confirm family relationships by comparing test results with Richard III or other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:
Richard III (York) of England:
Y-Chromosome Test 22 markers, haplogroup G-P287, Ysearch 45AER
Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line:
Richard III (York) of England:
Mitochondrial DNA Test Full Sequence, haplogroup J1c2c3, Mitosearch T227G
Michael Ibsen :
Mitochondrial DNA Test Full Sequence, haplogroup J1c2c3, Mitosearch 3UNYB
Wendy Duldig :
Mitochondrial DNA Test Full Sequence, haplogroup J1c2c3, Mitosearch 5FEB5
I would be happy to volunteer to write a revised bio to use on this profile, should I be considered competent to do so. Or, if there are already volunteers to complete the revisions - removing York-1210 as father since the eighteen (18) academics who authored this peer reviewed paper agree that York-1210 did not father Richard III - replacing him with "Unknown" in the father field - and rewriting the biography to reflect
(Cont from commentary) is if we, as geneaologists and historians accept the fact that the source material we have on these families is false and must be rewritten with the assistance of genetic scientists.
Upon reading the full article cited in part 3 of my comments, it becomes clear that the opinion stated in this profile under the heading "Remains" which states 'Since it's unknown if it happened before orvafter Richard's existence, DNA can't be relied upon to identify the correct genetic genealogical pedigree.' is FALSE.
The article reveals that the Science Museum in London has Turi King, a geneticist, and Kevin Schurer, a genealogy expert, working on the case. Additional DNA samples will be sought, tested and evaluated to identify where the paternal line was broken.
Since we now KNOW that the history books are wrong about the houses of Plantagenet, York, Lancaster, Stuart, Tudor and Windsor, the ONLY way we will be able to publish the true history (cont)
Richard III is 22 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 28 degrees from Carol Keeling, 12 degrees from George Washington and 16 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.