House of Camondo

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: 1492 to 1943
Location: Spain, Venice, Istanbul, Parismap
Surnames/tags: Camondo, de Camondo Reinach Jewish Roots
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... ... ... has Jewish Roots.



This is a tragic family of Sephardic Jews. They were expelled from Spain in 1492; settled in Venice, Italy, until 1798 when Austria took Venice and they resettled in Istanbul, then later to Paris.

Members of the family were noted in Venice for their scholarship and public service. In Istanbul they became merchants and bankers. In Paris they became noted for their art collections.

The last descendants were deported and murdered in Auschwitz in 1943 and the family name became exrinct.
... ... ... died as a result of persecution during the Holocaust.

Isaac Camondo

Isaac died in 1832. Little else is known about him, though he apparently died without descendants. He established the family’s bank, Isaac Camondo & Cie., in 1802. His brother Abraham inherited the bank when Isaac died.

Abraham Salomon de Camondo

He was married to Clara Levy (1791-1866) on 25 May 1804. In 1865 he and his family became Italian citizens. In 1867 King Victor Emmanuel gave him the title of Count which could be passed on to each generation’s oldest son. In about 1870-1880, he built the now famous landmark, the beautifully curved “Camondo Steps” located on Bankalar Caddesi (Banks Street) in the Galata (Karaköy) quarter of Istanbul. He was also responsible for the construction of two apartment buildings that bear the Camondo name as well as the ‘Camondo Palace’, their seaside mansion.[1]. He died, aged 88, in Paris and was buried in his family vault in the Jewish cemetery in Hasköy, Constantinople. [2]

Count Salomon Raphael de Camondo (1810-1866)

He was married to Esther Fanny Fua (1814-18). Salomon-Raphaël de Camondo died in Constantinople 18 Dec 1866. He is buried in the Camondo Mausoleum in Hasköy, Istanbul.[3] The couple had three children: Count Abraham Behor de Camondo, Nissim de Camondo, and Rebecca de Camondo.[4]

Count Abraham Behor de Camondo

Abraham Behor was born July 1st, 1829. He married Régina Baruch 3 Sep 1847 in Constantinople. The couple had two children: Clarisse de Camondo (1 Nov 1848-18 Oct 1917); and Isaac de Camondo (1850 or 1851-7 Apr 1911) .[5]

Clarisse de Camondo

Clarisse de Camondo[6] was born in Constantinople on 1 Nov 1848. She died in Paris 18 Oct 1917. She married Léon Alfassa (1849-1920), a banker, 9 Sept 1867 in Constantinople. Léon Alfassa (1849-1920) was the son of Nissim Alfassa (born around 1815) and Rachel Halfon (born about1825). The couple had six children:

Rachel Alfassa (1869-1889),
Albert Alfassa (1871-1893),
Georges Alfassa (1872-1919),
Alice Alfassa (1874-1926),
Maurice Alfassa (1877-1926),
Marguerite Alfassa (1880-1961).
Isaac de Camondo

Isaac was born 3 July 1851 in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire and died 7 Apr 1911 in Paris. He was an art collector, banker, and amateur composer. He left his collection, mostly Impressionist and Post-Impressionist art, to the Louvre Museum.[7]

Nissim de Camondo

Nissim was born in 1830 and died in 1889. He was married to Elise Fernandez. Father to Moïse de Camondo (1860-1935).

Moïse de Camondo (1860-1935)[8]

Moïse was born 15 Mar 1860 in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire and died in Paris 14 Nov 1935. He became a banker, carrying on his father’s profession. The family owned one of the largest banks in Constantinople. He had a huge collection of 18th Century furniture and art and rebuilt the family’s mansions in Paris to hold it all. He was married to Irène Cahen d'Anvers, daughter of Louis Cahen d'Anvers, in 1891. The couple had two children: Nissim (1892-1917)[9] and Beatrice Camondo Reinach. Six years after their marriage, they separated when Irène had an affair with Count Charles Sampieri. She later married him and divorced him. Nissim died in WW1 and when Moïse died in 1935, he donated his mansion and its extensive contents to establish the Musée Nissim de Camondo[10][11], named to honor his son.

Nissim de Camondo

Nissim was born in 1892. Lieutenant Nissim de Camondo died in 1917 during aerial combat in Lorraine, and he was buried in the Montmartre Cemetery in Paris.[12]

Béatrice de Camondo Reinach

Béatrice was born in 1894. In 1918 she married Léon Reinach (1893–1943), a composer. When her father died, she inherited a large fortune and became well known in Parisian society. She converted to Catholicism and divorced her Jewish husband, the couple had two children: Fanny (born 26 July 1920 in Paris, died in 1943 at Auschwitz) and Bertrand (born 1 July 1923 in Paris, died in 1943 at Auschwitz). In 1943, when Germany occupied France, Béatrice, her ex-husband, and their two children were rounded up and deported to Auschwitz concentration camp, where they were all killed.[13][14] Léon, Fanny and Bertrand were deported to Auschwitz on November 20, 1943, on convoy 62. Béatrice was deported on convoy 69, which left on March 4, 1944. A much more detailed biography is at See also the NewYork Times article:

Rebecca de Camondo (1833-1863)

Rebecca married Michael Halfon (1829-1890). The couple had four children:

Regina Halfon (1851-1922)
Salomon Halfon (1854-1923)
Hortense Halfon (1858-1932)
Esther Halfon (1859-1941)


  14. Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed 15 December 2019), memorial page for Béatrice de Camondo Reinach (9 Jul 1894–1943), Find A Grave Memorial no. 185093436, citing Auschwitz Concentration Camp, Oświęcim, Powiat oświęcimski, Małopolskie, Poland ; Maintained by AW (contributor 47829810) .

See also:

Wikipedia entry for the Camondo family

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Categories: Jewish Roots