Bedfordshire: Monasteries & Manors

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Date: 1100 to about 1900
Location: Bedfordshire, Englandmap
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Bedfordshire has been home to many incredible estates, built and owned by many notable families. This page intends to summarize cited details of each property to aid in interpreting references in leases, probates and place names.

Please feel free to contribute


Monasteries of Bedfordshire

Monasteries of Bedfordshire

Caldwell Priory

Caldwell Priory was a priory of Canons of the Holy Sepulchre
  • 11-Oct-1526: William Gostwyke and wife Anne, 21yr Crown Lease
  • 3-Dec-1538: William Gostwyke extended the Crown lease to 40yrs

Elstowe Abbey

  • 10-Jun-1499: Sir John Gostwick (b1466-dMar1513) and his brother, Chaplain Robert Gostwick (1464-1541), both of Wilstead (aka Wilshamstead), are granted the 'messuage of the abbess of Elstow'
  • abt 1500: Separate Parish Church destroyed.
  • 1526: John Kyng (King) is the first curate known since the 1300s
  • 1539: The Abbey is closed as part of Henry VIIIs dissolution plans.
  • aft 1539: Edmund Harvey owned the lease
  • 1605: Robert Hundley is curate
Suggested References:

  • Houses of Benedictine nuns: The abbey of Elstow', A History of the County of Bedford: Volume 1 (1904), pp. 353–58

Warden Abbey

Manor Houses

Manor Houses of Bedfordshire

Cardington Manors

Associated properties: Cardington Manor, Wake Manor, Lesser Cardington Manor, Cotton End

Cardington Manor

Cardington Manor
  • 1337: John Picot (d.1337)
  • 1338: John Picot (d.1361)
  • 1362: Isabelle Picot (d. 1375)
  • 1376: Baldwin Picot
  • aft 1376: Dorothy Picot wife of James Gascoigne
  • 1536: Robert Gostwick's parents gained 'Cotton End', likely through the Court of Augmentations.
  •  ?-1577: George Gascoigne (d1577)
  • 1588-1688: George Blundell (d1688)
  • 1689: George Blundell
  • 1769: William Nailour Blundell sells Cardington to brewer Samuel Whitbread.

Goldington Manors

1705, Poll Book Survey, Goldington, Bedfordshire

Marston Manor

of Marston Moretaine

Potton Manors

Associated properties: Potton Regis, Potton Burdetts, Potton much Manured, Potton Rectory.

Potton Regis

Potton Regis:

  • 1544: Thomas Burgoyne
  • 1774: George, Viscount Torrington
  • 1795: Samuel Whitbread, brewer.

Potton Burdetts

Potton Burdetts:

  • 1657: Robert Brudenell alienates the manor to Sir Roger Burgoyne
  • 1774: George, Viscount Torrington holds the manor
  • 1795: Samuel Whitbread, brewer

Potton much Manured

Potton much Manured

  • 1354: William de la Pole
  • 1403: Sir Reginald Braybroke
  • bef 1564: Robert Tanfield
  • 1564: Robert Tanfield alienates the manor to John Burgoyne, who reunites it with Potton Regis.

Potton Rectory

Potton Rectory:

  • 1539: The Friars Minor were dissolved by Henry VIII and taken by the Crown.
  • 1579: Elizabeth I leases the rectory to Richard Williams
  • 1591: Crown sells the rectory to Rowland Litton
  • 1608: Held by John Burgoyne.
  • 1775: George, Viscount Torrington
  • 1795: Sold to Samuel Whitbread, brewer.

Putnoe Manor

Ravensden Manors

Associated properties: Morinsbury Manor, Ravensden Manor, Rohnale Manor, Tilwick Manor, Trailly's Manor.

Ravensden Manor:
  • abt 1539: Newnham Priory was dissolved by Henry VIII and taken by the Crown.
  • 1540: Granted to John & Joan Gostwick
  • 14-Jun-1562: William Gostwick is swindled by John Gostwick, leasing Ravensden Manor for 60yrs to John Russell, son of Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford. Chancery court confirms the lease.
  • Jan-1598: Wm Gostwick sells manor lease to Richard Hooper, gent.
  • 19-Mar-1598: Wm Gostwick to Thomas Christian; messuages in Goldington & Ravensden
  • 1774: Duke of Bedford
  • abt 1775: Alienated to Rev. Robert Hart Butcher
  • abt 1811: rights appear in abeyance.

Stanford Manors

Stanford Bury Manor

Stanford Bury Manor
  • 1537: Warden Abbey was dissolved by Henry VIII in 1537, splitting off Stanford Bury Manor
  • 1543: granted to Edward and Dorothy Gostwick by Crown letters patent dated 13 July Henry VIII (1543)
  • 1564: William Gostwick conveys the estate to Oliver St. John of Bletsoe.
  • 1792: Robert Ongley holds the manor.
  • abt 1870: Ongley sells the manor to Joseph Shuttleworth

Warden Abbey Manor

Willington Manor

Indicates Leasehold which isnt always residency.

  • 1086: Hugh de Beauchamp
  • 1265: John de Beachamp is killed at Evesham, dividing the barony to his 3 sisters.
  • 1265: Roger de Mowbray, and his wife Maud (de Beauchamp, sister to John)
  • 1266: Roger dies, Maud remarries to Roger Lestrange.
  • 1277: Roger de Mowbray reaches age and acquires the manor from his mother's trust.
  • 1311: John de Mowbray (Roger's son, Maud's grandson)
  • 1322: Hanged for treason, Mowbray's lands were forfeit to the Crown.
  • abt 1323: Crown gives Willington to Hugh le Despenser, the younger.
  • abt 1327: John de Mowbray is restored to Willington, who admits rights to his new step-father, Sir Richard de Peshale.
  • 1362: John de Mowbray dies leaving Willington to wife Elizabeth. (needs check: 3rd or 4th Lord Mowbray?, may be conflated, both had Eliz wives)
  • 1376: the next John de Mowbray, a son
  • 1383: Brother Thomas de Mowbray, inherits, become Duke of Norfolk, is banished.
  • 1405: Thomas Mowbray is executed for treason, the manor passes to a brother, John.
  • 1432: John dies, passing Willington to his sister, Anne de Mowbray, who married Richard of York
"After Richard's [of York] murder Willington manor passed into the Howard family, whose estates were forfeit after the Battle of Bosworth (22-Aug-1485)"
no records found during the 8yrs beween 1550-1558 when she marries Sir Verney/Varney.
1705, Poll Book Survey, Willington, Bedfordshire

(paused here for Willington as there is conflation in parentage and several profile that needs correcting first)

Wroxhill Manor

of Marston Moretaine

  • 1459: William Saunderton
  • bef 1500: Sir John Catesby owned the manor
  • son Sir Humphrey Catesby owned until his death 1504
  • 1504: Thomas Catesby until death in 1530 without heirs
  • 1530: Anthony Catesby, Thomas' elder brother until 1572
  • 1573: Thomas Catesby was in possession until 1592
  • 1592: son George Catesby inherits
  • 1636: George & Bridget Catesby, with Clifton Catesby, son.
  • 1652: William Playdell owned the estate

Suggested References:

Needs deconstruction: 19-Jul-1539, Master Crown Lease, Details

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Categories: Bedfordshire