Preston Brent

Preston Brent (1833 - 1884)

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Col Preston Brent
Born in Copiah County, Mississippi, USAmap
Ancestors ancestors
Son of and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in Mississippimap
Died in Pike County, Mississippi, USAmap
Profile last modified | Created 5 Jan 2015
This page has been accessed 1,097 times.

Categories: 38th Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry, United States Civil War | Wounded in Action, Confederate States of America, United States Civil War | Pike County, Mississippi.


Colonel Preston Brent Jr. (1833-1884)

His Father was Preston Brent , Sr. born: 27th of FEB 1799 in Fairfield District, South Carolina. His Mother: Elizabeth Briley was born 1 MAY 1804 in Mississippi Territory

He married his distant cousin Frances Ellen Brent. She was born the 3rd of FEB 1838 in Pike county, MS. Her father, John A. Brent (1812-1886) was a private in, his son-in-law, Col. Brent's company They were married the 14th of SEP 1854m probably at the nearby Bogue Chitto Church.

Children (incomplete)

John Preston Brent b: 2 DEC 1855 in Holmesville, Pike County, Mississippi

Frances Louisa Brent b: 8 SEP 1858 in Pike County, Mississippi

Francis Marion Brent b: ABT 1859 in Holmesville, Pike County, Mississippi

Emma Brent b: 9 JUN 1863 in Holmesville, Pike County, Mississippi

Ella Brent b: 18 MAY 1864 in Pike County, Mississippi

Martha Lanisa Brent b: 29 OCT 1865 in Pike County, Mississippi

Joe Lee Brent b: 5 JUL 1871 in Holmesville, Pike County, Mississippi

Rebecca Elizabeth Brent

Col Preston Brent was a farmer and a Doctor. He most likely practiced in Holmesville until they built the line of the Central Railroad. His farm was on the rich bottom land of the Otopasaw Creek in Pike County Mississippi about a quarter mile south of Hi-way #44 on the West Topasaw Road just before you cross Topasaw Creek at Pricedale.

Their home was of the creole style with a "dog-trot". It was constructed of heart pine planks milled on the near by Bogue Chitto River; never painted. No iron nails were used; it was held together with wooden pegs. The roof was of hand split cedar shingles. It stood until the 1960's when it succumbed to flames.

Preston had great organizational skills. He served in the Mississippi State Militia as an officer in Holmesville. When the war came he organized the Quitman Guard and Company K that became known as the Brent Guards.

Civil War Car Record:

1861: Major of 1st Regiment of Mississippi (Army of 10,000)

1862: Captain of Company K 38th Mississippi Infantry Regiment

The companies for this regiment had their rendezvous at Jackson, and Colonel Fleming W. Adams was elected May 12, 1862, and later, on the 16th, the other field officers, Brent and Foxworth. The regiment was ordered to Corinth, then occupied by the army under General Beauregard, confronted by the army of General Halleck, and the regiment was there a few days before the evacuation, May 29, when they joined in the retreat toward Tupelo. The whole army suffered seriously from sickness during the occupation of Corinth, and this regiment, being new, lost many by death during May and June. The regiment was ordered to Columbus to recruit about July 1, and in August to Saltillo, where it was assigned to Col. John D. Martin’s Brigade of Gen. Henry Little's Division, Gen. Sterling Price's Army of tile West, which had been left in Northeast Mississippi when General Bragg moved the main army to Chattanooga. Martin's Brigade included also the Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Mississippi and Thirty-seventh Alabama. The Thirty-eighth, 332 strong, was on duty in the battle of Iuka, September 19, but not seriously engaged. "My command never fired a shot," Col. F. W. Adams reported, "because I had been ordered so, but it was under a very heavy fire and acted; with but few exceptions, with coolness and courage." Colonel Adams, being injured on the field, turned over the command to Lieut.-Col. Brent. Casualties, 4 killed, 4 wounded. [1]
Battle of Corinth, Miss., October 4, 1862. Hand-colored lithograph by Currier and Ives, 1862.

1862: Lt. Colonel of 38th Mississippi Infantry Regiment

1862 – 1865: Colonel of 38th Mississippi Infantry Regiment

After Grant had advanced from Memphis on the line of the Central Railroad, in November and December, 1862, and had retreated, Hebert's Brigade, including the Thirty-eighth, was sent to Vicksburg and stationed at Snyder's Bluff, on the Yazoo River, north of the city. The regiment was reported in February, 1863, 264 present and absent. In the April return, Col. Preston Brent, commanding. General Forney succeeded Maury in command of division in April.[2]
The regiment, with Hebert's Brigade, moved from Snyder’s Bluff to Vicksburg on the night of May 17-18, and by eight in the morning of the 18th, was in position on the line of the brigade, covering the Jackson and Graveyard roads. After the assault of May 22 had been repulsed, the Thirty-eighth was moved, June 2, to a position along the Jackson road, between the Third and Twenty-first Louisiana, and on June 25th, the day of the mine explosion under the redan occupied by the Third Louisiana, the Sixth Missouri was put in between the Thirty-eighth and that Louisiana regiment. At this time the men were not only engaged in defending their line, but also in rebuilding and raising the works to meet the constant approach of the Union works. July 2 another and more serious mine explosion destroyed the main redan near the Jackson road. July 4 the brigade stacked arms in front of the works they had so gallantly defended, and marched to the rear to bivouac camp where they were paroled. The Thirty-eighth had 35 killed, including Captains L. M. Graves and W. A. Selph and Lieut. H. Lanehart, and 39 wounded, during the forty-seven days defense of their line. Capt. D. B. Seal was paroled as commanding officer.[3]

1863: Wounded in face during the Battle of Vicksburg Mississippi

Siege of Vicksburg--13, 15, & 17 Corps, Commanded by Gen. U.S. Grant, assisted by the Navy under Admiral Porter--Surrender, July 4, 1863 by Kurz & Allison

1863: Captured and Paroled at Vicksburg Mississippi

The Vicksburg troops were furloughed to reassemble at the parole camp at Enterprise, where they remained until declared exchanged in December. In January, 1864, the regiment was mounted, by order of General Polk, then commanding the department, and the remainder of the service of the command was as mounted infantry. The Fourteenth Confederate Regiment was consolidated with it, and later the Third Mississippi Cavalry.
Thirty-eighth Mississippi Regiment in Mabry's Brigade, June 10, 1864. June 30, Thirty-eighth Mississippi (mounted infantry), Col. Preston Brent, and so listed to October, Mabry's Brigade, Wirt Adams' Cavalry.
The Thirty-eighth, with the Fourth, Sixth, and Fourteenth (Confederate) Cavalry, formed the brigade of Colonel Mabry, in the Tupelo campaign of July, 1864. The regiment moved from Saltillo, July 9, to Ellistown, Major R. C. McCay commanding, was held in reserve during the skirmishing near Pontotoc on the 12th; on the 13th took part in the skirmishing with the Federal rear guard as Gen. A. J. Smith's command moved toward Tupelo, until 2 o'clock in the morning of the 14th. At Harrisburg Smith faced about and went into a strong line of battle on a ridge across the road. Lieut.-Gen. S. D. Lee and Maj. .-Gen. Forrest were both with the Confederate troops and an assault was ordered, in which Mabry's Brigade was distinguished on the left flank, moving forward under a heavy fire of artillery and small arms, but the whole Confederate attack was repulsed with great loss. All the regimental officers of the brigade and nearly all the company officers of three regiments were killed or wounded. The casualties of the Thirty-eighth were the heaviest of the brigade.[4]
The regiment took part in the action at Concord Church, December 1, 1864, between Mabry's Brigade, under Colonel Griffith, and Osband's expedition, returning from an attempt to destroy the railroad bridge near Canton.
Griffith's command encountered Grierson's raiders moving to Vicksburg, after destroying the Mobile & Ohio Railroad, at Franklin, January 2, 1865, where General Adams had a loss of 7 killed, 15 wounded
Mabry's Brigade was broken up by order of General Chalmers, February 18, 1865, and the Thirty-eighth, Colonel Brent commanding, was assigned to Gen. Wirt Adams’ Brigade, at Jackson.
In the last campaign in Alabama, during Wilson's raid, the regiment was engaged at Sipsey bridge. At the time of the capitulation by Gen. Richard Taylor, commanding the department, the regiment was at Brewersville, Ala.[5]

He returned home, to his Topasaw Creek farm, to be a farmer in Pike County Mississippi after the war. He lived another 18 years and died the 12th of AUG 1884 and is buried in the Brent Cemetery, Pike County, Mississippi


  1. Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898: Taken from the Official and Statistical Register of the State of Mississippi, 1908
  2. Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898: Taken from the Official and Statistical Register of the State of Mississippi, 1908
  3. Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898: Taken from the Official and Statistical Register of the State of Mississippi, 1908
  4. Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898: Taken from the Official and Statistical Register of the State of Mississippi, 1908
  5. Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898: Taken from the Official and Statistical Register of the State of Mississippi, 1908


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Images: 7
Col. Preston Brent
Col. Preston Brent

Preston Brent Image 2
Preston Brent Image 2

Siege of Vicksburg
Siege of Vicksburg

Battle of Corinth Mississippi
Battle of Corinth Mississippi

Preston Brent Image 5
Preston Brent Image 5

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On 22 Oct 2016 at 18:32 GMT Teresa Fortenberry wrote:

GOSH, ALLAN!! I have not seen this page in a while and you certainly have done an EXCELLENT job with Col. Brent! After I wrote the blog article for Andie about Gasua's letter, I was doing other research and came across an obituary for one of Preston Brent's young sons. It was so sad. Thanks for creating such a beautiful and informative profile page for this man!

Cousin Terry

On 17 Mar 2015 at 16:02 GMT Steve Cole wrote:

Great biography. Enjoyed reading it. The Blue & Gray magazine a few months ago had a detailed article with plenty of maps on the Tupelo campaign and battle at Harrisburg. Let me know if you are interested in any info about it.

Preston is 22 degrees from Caryl Ruckert, 18 degrees from Harriet Stowe and 18 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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