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Region of Campania

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Surnames/tags: Campania Italy
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Region of Campania

Campania is comprised of the following four Provinces, plus the metropolitan city of Napoli:

  • Avellino
  • Benevento
  • Caserta
  • Salerno

History (Storia)

TIMELINE FORMAT This area has a very tumultuous history:

  • 1000BC - this area was populated by the Samnite populations (Oscan and Volsche)
  • 700 BC - Greeks conquered and developed many of the islands and coastline (Campania was one of the most important cultural centers of Magna Graecia). The first Greek Colony in Campania was the island of Ischia (former seat of the Punic-Carthaginian settlements from 1000 BC). The Samnites continued to occupy the inland territories of Campania
  • 326 BC - was placed under Roman rule
  • 570 AD - Longobards conquered most of the area, while the Byzantines ruled the remainder
  • 1139 AD - the region enjoyed political unity under the crown of the Kingdom of Sicily
  • 1302 AD - this area became part of the Kingdom of Naples
  • 1816 AD - part of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies with Naples as the capital. Campania had the largest industrial metalworking complex in Italy ( Pietrarsa - now a museum). Naples was the third capital in Europe (after London and Paris] to have streets lit with 350 gas lamps,
  • 1861 AD - was conquered and annexed into the Kingdom of Italy
  • 1946 AD - the Republic of Italy was formed

Interesting Facts

4 Volcanoes

Most volcanoes occur because one moving plate of the earth's mantle is diving under another plate, and the friction melts the rock. In this case the African plate is moving north, and is being subducted beneath Italy. Volcanoes are considered extinct when they are believed not to have been active in the last 10,000 years.

3 Inhabited Islands

  • Capri
  • Ischia
  • Procida

6 UNESCO World Heritage Sites

  • Historic Centre of Naples
  • 18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio Complex
  • Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata
  • Costiera Amalfitana
  • Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological sites of Paestum and Velia, and the Certosa di Padula
  • Santa Sofia (Longobard Church) in Benevento

Campania Towns and Cities

Metropolitan city of Napoli





  • Acquavella
  • Amalfi
  • Bracigliano
  • Celso
  • Minori
  • Montesano sulla Marcellana
  • Oliveto Citra
  • Omignano
  • Pagani
  • Petina
  • Polla
  • Salerno
  • San Marzano sul Sarno
  • San Mauro Cilento
  • Scafati


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  3. Category:Campania, Italy

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OPSes? Not all of the commune names are links? Most of my wife’s relatives who went to the USA said they were from Barano d’Ischia, but the commune is normally just called Barano.
posted by Stephen Adey
OPS= One place studies

Not all of the communes are represented on Wikitree. I'll have to check if that town is.

posted by Chris Ferraiolo
I have a couple of immediate comments. The “Metropolitan City of Napoli” (Naples) is a strange construct that has only existed since 2014/15, and most of its inhabitants would be more familiar with the previous designation “Province of Naples”. I am not sure that for a genealogical website it helps to use an English description that almost none of the persons profiled would recognise. In addition, mixing English (Metropolitan) and Italian (Napoli) reads strangely. Finally, although it may be technically correct to list a subset of the communes of Napoli (NA) in a flat list, that list is very incomplete and the communes of the island of Ischia might be better handled as a sublist (i.e. geographically). What do you think, as the commune of Ischia (Citta & Porto) is missing out of the list. The communes of the island of Ischia are (listing anti-clockwise): Ischia, Casamicciola Terme, Lacco Ameno, Forio, Serrara Fontana and Barano, with about 50.000 inhabitants in total. I believe Ischia is the most important (largest) commune. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ischia,_Campania
posted by Stephen Adey
Hi, Steve.

We're currently splitting up the Campania One place study to just include the towns like Gesualdo: https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Category:Gesualdo%2C_Campania_One_Place_Study

Thank you for your comments regarding Naples. We'll take that into consideration. Most of the categories also have an Italian option. We are working on changing things around. This page may be removed entirely. Time will tell. Thanks for your concern.

Oh and we only listed the communes that have been represented on Wikitree so far. It'd be a lot easier to make OPSes based on one commune each.

posted by Chris Ferraiolo