Nathan Colby
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Nathan Colby (aft. 1781 - 1857)

Nathan Colby
Born after in Corinth Center, Orange, Vermont, United Statesmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 25 Jan 1801 in Corinth, Orange, Vermont, United Statesmap
Descendants descendants
Died before age 76 in North Cuba, Cuba, Allegany, New York, United Statesmap
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Profile last modified | Created 8 Nov 2008
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Nathan Colby was born around 1781 in Vermont.[1] He was the son of Ezekiel Colby and Sally Fowler.

Nathan Colby married "Unice" Blood on January 25, 1801, in Corinth, Orange, Vermont. Justice of the Peace Samuel Haselthane (sp?) officiated, and he was also the Town Clerk who recorded the marriage.[2] When Nathan and Eunice were married in Corinth, the Clerk said that both were "of Corinth."[3]

"Be it remembered that at Corinth in the county afore said on this 25th Day of January in the year of our Lord 1801, Nathan Colby and Unice Blood both of Corinth in the county aforesaid were Duly joined in Marriage by me. Samll Hasseltine(sp?) Justice of Peace" [3]

Their children were:

  1. Peter Colby was born in Corinth, Vermont, on February 3, 1802.[4]
  2. Lucenda Colby
  3. Lydia Colby
  4. Laura Louise Colby, m. Lansford Whiting Ingalls; they were the parents of Charles Phillip Ingalls and grandparents of Laura Ingalls-Wilder of "Little House" fame.
  5. Polly Colby
  6. Eunice Colby
  7. Hannah Colby
  8. Jerusha Colby
  9. I Riley Colby

Nathan appears to have moved to New York in about 1807, when he established a farm on "Vermont Hill" in Township 8, Range 5, Erie County, New York.[5]

In 1810, Nathan Colby was living in Willink, Niagara, New York. He had 6 people in his household: 1 male between 26 and 44 years old, 1 female between 26 and 44yo, 1 male under 10yo, and 3 females under 10yo. [6]

In 1820, Nathan Colby was living in Holland, Niagara, New York. There were 9 people in his household: 1 male 25-45 years old, 1 male 16-26yo, 1 female 26-45yo, 3 females 10-16 years old, 3 females under 10yo.[7]

In 1830, Nathan was living in Holland, Erie, New York. There were 9 people in his household: 1 male 40-49 years old, 1 male 20-24yo, 1 female 40-49yo, 2 females 20-29yo, 2 females 15-19yo, 1 female 10-14yo, 1 female 5-9yo, and 1 female under 5yo.[8]

The first school in Cadyville or North Cuba was started on November 8, 1830. There were 3 children with the last name Colby in the school that year: Nathan Colby, Jerusha Colby and Hannah Colby.[4] Hannah and Jerusha were probably Nathan's children, but student Nathan was not Nathan's child.

In 1840, Nathan was living in Cuba, Allegany, New York. There were 4 persons in his household: 1 male 50-59 years old, 1 female 40-49yo, 1 female 20-29yo, and 1 female 15-19yo.[9]

On June 1, 1850, Nathan Colby, a 69 year old farmer born in Vermont, was living in Cuba, Allegany, New York, with Eunice Colby, 68 years old born Vermont.[1]

On June 2, 1850, Nathan Colby owned a farm in Cuba, Allegany, New York. The Agricultural Census shows his farm assets as follows:[10]

Land: 30 acres of improved land, 35 acres of unimproved land
Cash: $2900, farm One person in the household was engagged in agriculture.worth $20
Livestock: No horses or mules, 2 milch cows, 2 oxen, 1 other cattle, 15 sheep, 1 swine, for a total value of $147.
Products produced in year ending June 1: 30 bushels of wheat, 100 bushels Indian corn, 60 bushels of oats, 50 lbs. of wool, 45 bushels of Irish potatoes, orchard products worth $25, 400 lbs. of butter, 6 tons of hay, 200 lbs. of maple syrup, animals slaughtered worth $22.

Nathan Colby died on March 22, 1857 in North Cuba, Allegany, New York.[11] He is buried at North Cuba Cemetery, North Cuba, Allegany, New York, USA[12] His will is contained in Allegany County Will Book, Vol. 4, Page 48.

Research Notes

  • Although the Ancestral File[13] shows that Nathan was born in Rumford, Washington County, New York, it is probable that he was born in Orange County, Vermont. In 1777, Nathan's father Ezekiel Colby came to Corinth from Newbury, Orange County, twelve miles away. Ezekiel was the first settler in town.[14] In 1786, Ezekiel was living in Petitioners Twp., Orange, Vermont,[15] and in 1790, he was living in Corinth.[16]
  • Nathan may have served as a Private under Capt Prescott, 4th Regt. US Infantry in the War of 1812.[17][18] NEED TO CONFIRM IF THIS WAS THE SAME NATHAN COLBY


Probate: 7 Jun 1857. Allegany, New York, USA.[19]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "United States Census, 1850," index and images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 28 Nov 2013), Nathan Colby, Cuba, Allegany, New York, United States; citing dwelling 340, family 362, NARA microfilm publication M432, roll 475. Ancestry Record 8054 #11252558
  2. "Vermont, Vital Records, 1760-1954," index and images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 28 Nov 2013), 004542959 > image 3164 of 3631.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Vermont, Town Clerk, Vital and Town Records, 1732-2005," images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 28 Nov 2013), Orange > Corinth > Births, marriages, deaths 1757-1883 > image 61 of 213. Vol. 1, Page 37
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Vermont, Vital Records, 1760-1954," index and images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 28 Nov 2013), 004543205 > image 1392 of 4057. page 320, Article: Recollections of the Cadyville or North Cuba School, by Mr. F. E. Hammond.
  5. John Theodore Horton. History of Northwestern New York: Erie Niagara, Wyoming, Genesee and Orleans Counties, Vol. I Lewis Historical Pub. Co., NY 1947. p. 27.
  6. 1810 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Year: 1810; Census Place: Willink, Niagara, New York; Roll: 29; Page: 260; Image: 0181383; Family History Library Film: 00144. Ancestry Record 7613 #226841
  7. 1820 United States Federal Census Publication: Operations, Inc. 1820 U S Census; Census Place: Holland, Niagara, New York; Page: 214A; NARA Roll: M33_69; Image: 135 Ancestry Record 7734 #493109
  8. 1830 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Original data: Fifth Census of the United States, 1830. (NARA microfilm publication M19, 201 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C. 1830 US Census; Census Place: Holland, Erie, New York; Page: 213; NARA Series: M19; Roll Number: 114; Family History Film: 0017174. Ancestry Record 8058 #151310
  9. 1840 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Year: 1840; Census Place: Cuba, Allegany, New York; Roll: 265; Page: 44; Image: 93; Family History Library Film: 0017179. Ancestry Record 8057 #3702591
  10. Selected U.S. Federal Census Non-Population Schedules, 1850-1880 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010. Census Year: 1850; Census Place: Cuba, Allegany, New York; Archive Collection Number: A1; Roll: 1; Page: 251; Line: 29; Schedule Type: Agriculture.Ancestry Record 1791 #1729524 Ancestry Record 1276 #4552438
  11. Millennium File Heritage Consulting Publication: Operations Inc Ancestry Record 7249 #10274811
  12. Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed 21 September 2021), memorial page for Nathan Colby (1781–22 May 1857), Find A Grave: Memorial #91501224, citing North Cuba Cemetery, North Cuba, Allegany County, New York, USA ; Maintained by Sandra Boudrou (contributor 46976440).
  13. "Ancestral File," database, FamilySearch ( : accessed 2013-11-28), entry for Nathan COLBY.
  14. Gazetteer of Orange County, Vt., 1762-1888. Hamilton Child. The Syracuse journal company, printers in Syracuse, N.Y. 1888. [Internet Archive], p. 245.
  15. Vermont, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1790-1860. [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 1999. Original data: Jackson, Ronald V., Accelerated Indexing Systems, comp.. Vermont Census, 1790-1860. Compiled and digitized by Mr. Jackson and AIS from microfilmed schedules of the U.S. Federal Decennial Census, territorial/state censuses, and/or census substitutes. Pg. 202.
  16. 1790 United States Federal Census. [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Year: 1790; Census Place: Corinth, Orange, Vermont; Series: M637; Roll: 12; Page: 189; Image: 150; Family History Library Film: 0568152.
  17. War of 1812 Pension Application Files Index, 1812-1815 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2010. Original data: War of 1812 Pension Applications. Washington D.C.: National Archives. NARA Microfilm Publication M313, 102 rolls. Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group Number 15.Pension #13286.
  18. U.S., War of 1812 Service Records, 1812-1815 Direct Data Capture, comp Publication: Operations Inc. Ancestry Record 4281 #317192
  19. New York, Wills and Probate Records, 1659-1999 Publication: Operations, Inc. Record of Wills, Other Miscellaneous Surrogate Records, 1807-1930; Author: New York. Surrogate's Court (Allegany County); Probate Place: Allegany, New York Ancestry Record 8800 #6995683


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Comments: 1

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Since I began my research on Ancestry years ago, new records have now popped us for Nathan Colby. Originally I too had Rumford, Washing, New York as the birthplace. Ancestry has two conflicting birth records, one for New York and now one for Corinth, Orange, VT, USA. The marriage record also states Nathan was born in VT so I have decided to change my Ancestry tree to the VT birthplace. Eunice was born in VT, they married in VT so it does seem more likely VT was his birthplace.
posted by Lolo Wagner

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Categories: North Cuba Cemetery, Cuba, New York