Hans (Oldenburg) Oldenberg

Johannes (Oldenburg) Oldenberg (1454 - abt. 1512)

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Johannes (Hans) Oldenberg formerly Oldenburg aka King of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn and Dithmarschen,
Born in Skanderborg Castle, Jutland, Denmarkmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Denmarkmap
Descendants descendants
Died about in Nyborg Castle, Nyborg, Svendborg, Denmarkmap
Profile last modified | Created 20 May 2011 | Last significant change: 11 Oct 2018
17:38: Mindy Silva edited the Biography for Hans (Oldenburg) Oldenberg. (Edit for duplicate Project Box) [Thank Mindy for this]
This page has been accessed 1,503 times.

Categories: Royalty | House of Oldenburg | List of Swedish Monarchs | List of Danish Monarchs | List of Norwegian Monarchs.

European Aristocracy
Hans (Oldenburg) Oldenberg was a member of aristocracy in Europe.
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Biography

Hans was as a child elected successor to the throne in all three countries. In Denmark he became king without oppossition. In Norway the powerful church turned against his election, but had to give up and acclaim him, as he issued a document for Denmark and Norway, which extended the Council’s and the nobility’s power considerably.

This document was also ment for Sweden. The Swedish Council could not resist such an offer and elected Hans as their king. But Sten Sture understood at meetings and sub-negotiations to delay Hans, so that it took many years before he really got Sweden in his power.(...)

The nobilities were not always satisfied with king Hans, who with severity maintained his power.(...) Buried in Odense Gråbrødrekloster, later moved to St. Knuds Church in Odense. King Hans was son of Christian 1st and queen Dorothea. In 1478 married to Christine of Sachsen (1461-1521). They had the children:

Christian 2nd, 1481-1559, later king. Elisabeth, 1485-1555, marrid in 1502 to Joachim 1st of Brandenburg. Frans, 1497-1511 Hans Jacob

John, Johann, Johan II, or colloquially "Hans", Danish monarch and union king of Denmark (1481 ñ 1513), Norway (1483 ñ 1513) Sweden (1497 ñ 1501), under the Kalmar Union, and also Duke of Schleswig and Holstein. He was born on February 2, 1455 as the son of Christian I and Dorotea av Hohenzollern-Brandenburg, daughter of Margrave Hans of Brandenburg. In 1478 he married Christina of Saxony, granddaughter of Frederick the Gentle of Saxony. This produced the following offspring: Christian II of Denmark, Franciscus, Knud, and Elisabeth, who later married as princess of Brandenburg. He died on February 20, 1513.

THE KALMAR UNION 1397-1523

The most important aspect of the Kalmar Union was the personal union between the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Also included in this fellowship was Finland, that was a part of Sweden (until 1809), and Iceland, Greenland, the Faroes and the Shetland archipelago, belonging to Norway, meaning that the union encompassed all of the Nordic countries. The formal marking of the unification took place in the Swedish city of Kalmar, where Erik of Pomerania was crowned king of all three realms in 1397. The union’s centre of power was located in Denmark, but all the countries were principally ruled according to their own laws and traditions. The union was, with short breaks, maintained from 1397 to 1448. Following this, only the personal union with Norway – with a few interruptions – remained in effect (until 1814), while the Danish kings only managed to rule in Sweden for brief periods until Sweden definitively seceded by proclaiming Gustav Vasa king of Sweden in 1523.



John, also known as Hans; né Johannes[1] (2 February 1455 – 20 February 1513) was King of Denmark (1481–1513), Norway (1483–1513) and as John II (Swedish: Johan II) of Sweden (1497–1501) in the Kalmar Union, and also Duke of Schleswig and Holstein. The three most important political goals of King John were the restoration of the Kalmar Union, reduction of the dominance of the Hanseatic League, and the building of a strong Danish royal power.

He was born at Aalborghus, in Aalborg, the son of Christian I of Denmark and Dorothea of Brandenburg, daughter of Margrave John of Brandenburg. In 1478, he married Christina of Saxony, granddaughter of Frederick the Gentle of Saxony. This produced the following offspring: Christian II, Francis, Knud, and Elisabeth, who later married as princess of Brandenburg. From about 1496 until 1512, he had a relationship with Edele Jernskjæg.

Reign [1]

Hans was as a child elected successor to the throne in all three countries. In Denmark he became king without oppossition. In Norway the powerful church turned against his election, but had to give up and acclaim him, as he issued a document for Denmark and Norway, which extended the Council’s and the nobility’s power considerably.

This document was also meant for Sweden. The Swedish Council could not resist such an offer and elected Hans as their king. But Sten Sture understood at meetings and sub-negotiations to delay Hans, so that it took many years before he really got Sweden in his power.

In the year 1497, however, the old enmity between Sten Sture and the Council broke into open fight. Then king Hans caught the opportunity, left for Sweden with a large army, and enclosed the country’s chief in Stockholm. Dalkarlene’s rescue army was defeated by the Danes at Rotebro, and when the victors returned, Sten Sture made an attack, which ended with a huge defeat for him.

Eventually he gave up and acknowledged Hans on terms, that he himself got Finland as len (county). Hans was crowned, and his son Christian acclaimed as his successor. Thus the union was renewed exactly 100 years after the crowning in Kalmar.

Three years later king Hans was defeated in Ditmarsken, and Sweden rebelled again.

The nobilities were not always satisfied with king Hans, who with severity maintained his power. To the middle class king Hans showed predilection, and had for a short time his son Christian brought up by a merchant from Copenhagen, Hans Bogbinder. All together he was popular for his Danish way of living and thinking. He was the first native born king after Valdemar Atterdag. But by his good-temper he could be random, unfair and melancholy. It it the same characteristics, but to a greater extend, which are retrieved in his son.

Buried in Odense Gråbrødrekloster, later moved to St. Knuds Church in Odense. King Hans was son of Christian 1st and queen Dorothea. In 1478 married to Christine of Sachsen (1461-1521). They had the children:

Christian 2nd, 1481-1559, later king.
Elisabeth, 1485-1555, marrid in 1502 to Joachim 1st of Brandenburg.
Frans, 1497-1511
Hans
Jacob[2]


Source

  1. Wikipedia [1]
  2. Danmarkskonger [2]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

  • This person was created through the import of McQuery Family Tree.ged on 20 May 2011.
  • Travis Wagner, firsthand knowledge.


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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Hans by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Images: 6
John Oldenburg Image 1
John Oldenburg Image 1

John Oldenburg Image 2
John Oldenburg Image 2

John Oldenberg Image 1
John Oldenberg Image 1

John Danmark, of Denmark Image 4
John Danmark, of Denmark Image 4

Hans Oldenburg Image 5
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On 20 Jul 2015 at 02:05 GMT Stephanie Ledbetter wrote:

Oldenburg-23 and Oldenberg-41 appear to represent the same person because: I did not find Hans' profile and created a duplicate. Please merge.



Hans is 28 degrees from Anne Buckmaster, 16 degrees from Franklin Roosevelt and 9 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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