Samuel Adams Jr
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Samuel Adams Jr (1722 - 1803)

Samuel Adams Jr
Born in Boston, Suffolk, Province of Massachusetts Baymap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 1749 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusettsmap
Husband of — married 6 Dec 1764 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap
Descendants descendants
Died at age 81 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 14 Dec 2008
This page has been accessed 23,464 times.
Preceded by
3rd Governor
John Hancock
Samuel Adams
4th Governor
of Massachusetts
Mass. Governor
1793—1797
Succeeded by
5th Governor
Increase Sumner
1776
Samuel Adams Jr participated in the American Revolution.
Join: 1776 Project
Discuss: 1776

Contents

Biography

Notables Project
Samuel Adams Jr is Notable.
1776 Project
Samuel Adams Jr was a Founding Father in the American Revolution.
SAR insignia
Samuel Adams Jr is an NSSAR Patriot Ancestor.
NSSAR Ancestor #: P-101570
Rank: Signer, Declaration of Independence
Daughters of the American Revolution
Samuel Adams Jr is a DAR Patriot Ancestor, A000577.
This profile is part of the Adams Name Study.

Samuel Adams was an American statesman, political philosopher, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. As a politician in colonial Massachusetts, Adams was a leader of the movement that became the American Revolution, and was one of the architects of the principles of American republicanism that shaped the political culture of the United States. He was a second cousin to President John Adams.

Birth

Samuel Adams was born on 16 Sep 1722 in Boston, Massachusetts.[1] He was a son of Samuel Adams and Mary Fifield Adams.[2]

Marriage and Children

Samuel was married twice. In 1749, he married Elizabeth Checkley, and they had six children. Only two survived to adulthood:[2][3]

  • Samuel (1750-1750)
  • Samuel (1751-1788)
  • Joseph (1753-1753)
  • Mary (1754-1754)
  • Hannah (1756-1821)
  • Stillborn child (1757)

Elizabeth died in 1757, soon after the birth of her stillborn child. In 1764, Samuel married Elizabeth "Betsy" Wells, who became mother to young Samuel and Hannah, although she had no children of her own.[3]

Samuel struggled to make a living for his family. He lacked interest in the accounting career for which he had trained. Then, he inherited the family brewery business, but nothing motivated him like politics and the evolution of a new nation.[3]

Patriot Leader

In the fifteen years before the American Revolution, that is, 1760 to 1775, Samuel Adams was above all the other patriots of that era, foremost in encouraging his fellow men to open rebellion. The Tories of that day said that Samuel was "the first man to speak of Independence," which to British sympathizers meant treason. It was Samuel Adams who rallied the Bostonians to proclaim their opposition to the Stamp Tax in 1755. It was Samuel Adams who got his fellow citizens to vote against the trade tax that Parliament imposed on sugar.

It was Samuel Adams who organized the Boston Tea Party. When the early Patriots banded themselves together and called themselves the Sons of Liberty, the British called this organization "Sam Adams Mohawks". The greatest personal drive for independence in America prior to the Battle of Bunker Hill was coaching skill and leadership of Samuel Adams, yet this man sought no credit for it all. Probably the greatest tribute made in regard to this man was made by the Tory Boston Governor Hutchinson when he said, "Samuel Adams is leader of the greatest adventure in democracy this world has ever seen."

Formation of a New Government

In 1774, Samuel Adams was chosen by the Massachusetts House of Representatives to represent his state at the First Continental Congress. At the Second Continental Congress, he became part of the committee to write the Articles of Confederation and encouraged the formation of a Continental Army. Then, on 4 Jul 1776, he signed the Declaration of Independence. After the new U.S. Constitution was written, Adams argued for a Bill of Rights to be added, and this was done in 1791. Samuel Adams was Governor of Massachusetts 1793-1797.[3]

Death

Samuel Adams died on 2 Oct 1803, at the age of 81. He was buried in Grary Burying Ground, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts.[4][5]

Sources

  1. “Boston, MA: Church Records, 1630-1895” The Records of the Churches of Boston. CD_ROM. Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2002. (Online database. AmericanAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2008 Link
  2. 2.0 2.1 Boston, MA: Inhabitants and Estates of the Town of Boston, 1630-1822 (Thwing Collection) Inhabitants and Estates of the Town of Boston, 1630–1800 and The Crooked and Narrow Streets of Boston, 1630–1822. CD-ROM. Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001. (Online database. AmericanAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2014.) pp. 1392, 1393 Link
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Encyclopedia.com on Samuel Adams
  4. Samuel Adams Memorial
  5. Vital Records from the New England Historical and Genealogical Register. Online database. AmericanAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2014. (Compiled from articles originally published in The New England Historical and Genealogical Register.) Link




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Comments: 12

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This "Bio" doesn't have any genealogy information and is a brief version of his accomplishments. NOTHING about his parents, where he was born, his marriage, kids, or where he died and was buried. How odd.
posted by Tj Tutt
Tina, I agree! If there are no objections, the American Revolution Project (1776 Project) will make some improvements to the profile.

Thanks, Tina, for pointing this out.

Betty Norman ~ 1776 Project Leader

posted by Betty (Skelton) Norman
That's great Betty. Thanks for picking this up so quickly.

-tina

posted by Tj Tutt
Adams-12094 and Adams-42 do not represent the same person because: different
posted by Al Adams
Adams-2428 and Adams-42 do not represent the same person because: different
posted by Al Adams
Adams-8757 and Adams-42 do not represent the same person because: different
posted by Al Adams
Adams-17659 and Adams-42 do not represent the same person because: different
posted by Al Adams
Adams-20461 and Adams-42 do not represent the same person because: different
posted by Al Adams
Adams-8419 and Adams-42 do not represent the same person because: different
posted by Al Adams
Adams-4878 and Adams-42 do not represent the same person because: different
posted by Al Adams
.
posted by [Living Sälgö]
Samuel Adams (September 27 [O.S. September 16] 1722 – October 2, 1803 in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Adams
posted by Beryl Meehan