Jean  Gaudet

Jean Gaudet (abt. 1575 - bef. 1678)

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Jean "Jehan" Gaudet aka Godet
Born about in Francemap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married about in Francemap
Husband of — married about in Acadie, Canadamap
Descendants descendants
Died before in Port-Royal, Acadie, Nouvelle Francemap
Gaudet-21 created 9 Feb 2011 | Last modified
This page has been accessed 8,232 times.

Categories: French Immigrants to Acadia | Port-Royal, Acadie | Acadians.

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Jean Gaudet migrated from France to Acadia.
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Contents

Biographie

(English version below)

"Le Père Archange Godbout a décrit Jean Gaudet comme étant l'Abraham de l'Acadie, tant nombreuse est sa descendance.[1]

Jean Gaudet est né vers 1575.[2] Il épousa une femme inconnue vers 1622.[2] Entre 1623 et 1633, le couple a eu 3 enfants: Françoise, Denis, et Marie.[2]

Vers 1652, Jean épousa Nicole Colleson. Vers 1653, le couple a eu un fils Jean.

Jean est mort avant 1678.[2]


Biography

(version française ci-dessus)

"Father Archange Godbout described Jean Gaudet as the Abraham of Acadia, because of his numerous descendents."[1]

Jean Gaudet was born around 1575.[2] About 1622, he married a woman whose name is unknown.[2] Between 1623 and 1633, the couple had 3 children: Françoise, Denis, and Marie.[2]

Around 1652, Jean married a second time, to Nicole Colleson. Around 1653, they had a son Jean.

By 1671 Jean Gaudet aged 96, was living with his second wife Nicole aged 64 and their son Jean. His three oldest children were married: Denis Gaudet age 46, married to Martine Gauthier, father of 5 chidlren; Marie Gaudet 38, widow of Etienne Hebert, and Francoise Gaudet 48, widow of a man named Mercier, now married to Daniel Leblanc. Jean was the ancestor of 10% of the little Acadian settlement, with his two sons and two daughters, 22 grandchildren and 10 great grandchildren.

Jean died before 1678.[2]

Discussion

Origins. Some family trees list Jean Gaudet as originating from Martaizé (Vienne) France. The Belle-Isle-en-Mer declarations in 1767 indicate that Acadian descendents of Jean Gaudet's daughters Marie and Françoise beleived that they came from France with their husbands. Thus Massignon[3] concludes that the Acadian surnames of Gaudet, Hebert, and LeBlanc were already allied in France. Moreover, a certain Jean Gaudet, was censistaire in 1634 on land at Martaizé (Vienne) in the Seigneurie d’Aulnay. However, Massignon's research failed to find any relevant baptismal or marriage records. A second point of debate is that White and Godbout interpret the phrasing of the ttp://www.acadian-home.org/acadian-origins.html Belle-Isle-en-Mer declarations] regarding coming from France with their spouse as not necessarily meaning that the two came together and at the same time, but simply that both the husband and wife had come from France. (See discussion below under Arrival in Acadia)

First Spouse and Children. Some family trees identify Jean Gaudet's first spouse as Marie Daussy. This is based on a discussion in a French periodical Nova Francia (Spring 1927, Vol. II, p.188) describing a Gaudet family Jean from Abbeville Picardy who was 59 years old in 1727, the son of Jean Gaudet and Marie Daussy. The birth date for this Jean Gaudet Jr. (about 1668 in France) is inconsistent with the Acadian Jean Gaudet Jr, whose parents (Jean and Nicole Colleson) were settled in Port Royal Acadia at that time.[4] Another hypothesis is that Jean's first spouse was Amerindian, and that Jean's daughters had two different mothers. Mitochondrial DNA from several descendents of Marie and Francoise indicate that their haplogroup was European (J), and identical to one another, indicating that they were sisters of the same European mother.

Arrival in Acadia. The Gaudet families are found in the 1671 Acadian Census but when did they arrive there? Various time frames are proposed.

The Belle-Isle-en-Mer declarations in 1767 indicate that Acadian descendents of Jean Gaudet's daughters Marie and Françoise believed that they came from France "with their husbands". Stephen White[2] lists their marriages as follows based on the ages of their first known children: Françoise married an unknown Mercier c1644 and Daniel LeBlanc c1650. Marie married Etienne Hébert c1650. Daniel LeBlanc was one of the signatories attesting to the accomplishments of d'Aulnay in Acadia. Since d'Aulnay died in May 1650[5], Daniel likely arrived in Acadia before that time.[4]

However, Stephen White cites Godbout's interpretation of the language of the Belle-Isle-en-Mer declarations: "One should not necessarily interpret this [coming to France with one's spouse] as meaning that the two came together, and at the same time. Rather, the expression may be taken to mean simply that both the husband and the wife had come from France."

Although it is not clear when Jean arrived, the timeline below sets out some of the events in his life in context with the history of Acadian settlement.

Timeline

c1575 birth, in France
c1622 marriage to Unknown Spouse
c1623 birth, daughter Françoise
c1625 birth, son Denis
c1633 birth, daughter Marie
1632 Treaty Saint-Germain-en-Laye cedes Acadia to France; Razilly brings ~300 elite men[6]
1636 Arrival of the first French families to settle permanantly[3]
c1650 Jean's daughters marry in France
before Oct. 1650 Jean's son in law Daniel LeBlanc arrives in Acadia with wife Françoise Gaudet
c1652 Jean marries 2nd wife Nicole Colleson
c1653 birth, son Jean
1654 British capture Port-Royal; French settlement ceases[7]
1667-70 Treaty of Breda cedes Acadia to the French; settlement resumes[8]
1671 residence, in Port-Royal
b1678 death

Sources

http://www.genealogy.com/ftm/a/m/o/Timothy-S-Amos/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0400.html

  • francogene.com: Sources: Dictionnaire genealogique des familles acadiennes (Stephen A. white); Dictionnaire des Acadiens d' Archange Godbout; Declarations de Belle-Ile-en-Mer.
  • 1671 Acadian Census at Port Royal: Jean GAUDET 96, wife, Nicole COLLESON 64; Child: Jean 18,; cattle 6, sheep 3.
  • 1686 Acadian Census at Port Royal: Nicole COLLESON 80. Jean GODET her son 45, Jeanne HENRY his wife 30; children: Francoise 13, Jean 12, and three other children by his first wife; 1 gun, 4 arpents, 4 cattle, 4 sheep, 3 hogs.
  1. 1.0 1.1 White, Stephen A. La généalogie des trente-sept familles hôtesses des "Retrouvailles 94", Les Cahiers de la Société historique acadienne, vol. 25, nos 2 et 3 (1994). (Gaudet)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print, 666-668.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Massignon, Geneviève. "Les parlers français d'Acadie, enquête linguistique", Librairie Klincksieck, Paris, 1962, 2 tomes, p32 (first French families in Acadia) p45 (Double bond between Landry and Bourg family suggesting common origin in France); p37-38 (d'Aulnay Seigneurie in France where Gaudet surname is found; also mentioned p47-48.
  4. 4.0 4.1 White, Stephen A. English Supplement to the Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton NB: Centre D'Études Acadiennes, 2000, p 139(spouse of Jean Gaudet), p 210(Daniel LeBlanc)
  5. Dunn, Brenda. A History of Port Royal / Annapolis Royal 1605-1800. Nimbus Publishing, p vii,ix,1-12 (early European settlement); p21 (Death of d'Aulnay).
  6. George MacBeath, Biography – RAZILLY, ISAAC DE – Volume I (1000-1700) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20
  7. William I. Roberts, 3rd, “SEDGWICK, ROBERT,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  8. In collaboration, “MORILLON DU BOURG,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013

Research Notes

Jean Gaudet (son of Jehan Gaudet) was born 1575 in Martaize, Loudun, Vienne, France/Loudun, France, and died 1672 in Port Royal, Acadia. His first wife is unknown.

JEHAN GAUDET Jehan Gaudet was born in France, about 1575, probably in the Aulnay seigneurie, parish of Martaizé, in the Poitou-Charentes region, current department of Vienne. A part of those that arrived in Acadia during the 17th century, were native of this commune.

The ancestor Acadien arrived in America, shortly after 1634. He is the oldest inhabitant of Port-Royal. In the census of 1671, Jean (Jehan) Gaudet (Godet), the venerable oldest person in the colony, was 96 years old. Father Léopold Lanctot, o.m.i., claims that Jehan Godet arrived in Acadia very early, by 1610 , with Charles de Biencourt. Some authors think that his first wife was Micmac but this is not very easy to prove. In the work " A feudal colony in America " Edme Rameau hinted in a note at a Metis branch that would have been a part of this family. On the other hand if he arrived with Razilly by 1634, his first children were born in France and his first wife would not be of MicMac origin. Others think that Jean GODET, arrived in Acadie by 1610, or even with Champlain in 1604, would have returned to France to look there for his family. This version is more reconcilable with the tenants of those who believe that he might have left by 1634. In view of his age, he could have been part of the first expedition of Poutrincourt. He is one of those rare French that remained in Acadie, after the siege of Port Royal by the Kirk brothers. He was married two times in France, first before 1623, he married to a woman who's name still remains unknown, despite manuscripts wrongly specifying a marriage to Marie Daussy, by généalogistes of which some admitted to have been mistaken, and about 1628, with Nicole Colleson who was born about 1600. Françoise Gaudet, born in 1623, first married before 1644, with a man surnamed Mercier. She remarried about 1650, with Daniel Leblanc, born about 1626, of unknown parents, probably a native of Poitou. In the Acadian census of 1686, of Port-Royal, Daniel Leblanc and his spouse, Françoise Gaudet, are 60 years old. Daniel Leblanc is one of the notable ones of Port Royal when on May 24 1690, Sir William Phipps, who had just seized the place, demands from the inhabitants of Port-Royal and of those of the river of the same name, to choose six of them to form a Counsel, in order to keep the peace among them and to manage justice. Their son, Pierre Leblanc, been born in 1664, marries in 1684, Marie Élisabeth Terriot, then in 1689, Madeleine Bourg, daughter of François Bourg and Marguerite Boudrot. Marie Gaudet, born about 1633, becomes the spouse in 1650 of the ancestor Étienne Hébert, of which two of their children interest us in this généalogie. The first one, Marguerite Hébert, born about 1652, marries the ancestor Jacques-Nicolas LePrince. The second Étienne Hébert, born about 1654, marries in 1678, Jeanne Comeau, born about 1662, daughter of Étienne Comeau and of Rose Bayols.

The father Archangel Godbout described Jehan Gaudet as being the "Abraham of Acadie, " so numerous are his descendants. According to the census of 1671, Jehan Gaudet was born about 1575. We are unaware of the date of his death, as well as the one of his spouse, Nicole Colleson, Coleson or Colson, who is 60 years old, in the census of 1686, of Port Royal.


Text: According to Father Archangel Godbout "He is the ancester of all the Acadian Gaudet's, also through the women, the ancester of the LeBlanc, Aucoin, Babin, Daigle, Vincent etc". He could be called the Abraham of Acadia.

More About Jean Gaudet: Immigration: 1640

Children of Jean Gaudet and Unknown are:

  1. Marie-Francoise Gaudet, b. 1623, Martaize, Loudun, Vienne, France, d. date unknown, Acadia.
  2. Denis Gaudet, b. 1625, d. date unknown.


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Jean by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Images: 5
Jean Gaudet et Nicolle Colleson 2
Jean Gaudet et Nicolle Colleson 2

Recensement de l'Acadie de 1671 Image 2
Recensement de l'Acadie de 1671 Image 2

Gaudet Family Coat of Arms
Gaudet Family Coat of Arms

Jean Godet, censitaire on the seigneury of Aulnay, the property of Nicole de Jousserand,
Jean Godet, censitaire  on the seigneury of Aulnay, the property of Nicole de Jousserand,

Original 1671 census not an archivist copy
Original 1671 census not an archivist copy

Collaboration

On 30 Aug 2016 at 22:10 GMT Jacqueline Girouard wrote:

The eldest child doesn't belong with this man. She was born 102 years after he was born.

Update: removed Jeanette, she wasn't his child.

On 7 Aug 2016 at 19:35 GMT Celeste Lamoureux wrote:

Gaudet-868 and Gaudet-21 appear to represent the same person because: Same name, same birth year, same spouse.

On 25 May 2016 at 14:08 GMT Roland Arsenault wrote:

Gaudet-624 and Gaudet-21 appear to represent the same person because: Clear duplicate

On 2 Mar 2015 at 22:07 GMT Roland Arsenault wrote:

Gaudet-21 and Gaudet-624 are not ready to be merged because: This could bring in unwanted mother and spouses. Need to look into it a bit closer.

On 8 Mar 2012 at 19:35 GMT Michael Gaudet Jr wrote:

Marie Daussy has been removed by most genealogist (which I am not) as being a husband of Jean Gaudet



Jean is 30 degrees from Aaron Copland, 21 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 19 degrees from Barbara Shoff and 18 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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