Edward Winslow Jr.

Edward Winslow Jr. (1595 - 1655)

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Governor Edward Winslow Jr.
Born in Droitwich, Worcestershire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married after 12 May 1618 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Nederlandmap
Husband of — married 12 May 1621 in Plymouth Colonymap
Descendants descendants
Died in at sea, west of Hispaniola, near Jamaica, West Indiesmap
Profile last modified 3 Dec 2019 | Created 19 Oct 2010 | Last significant change: 3 Dec 2019
03:46: Eric Weddington answered a question about Edward Winslow Jr. (1595-1655) [Thank Eric for this]
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The Mayflower.
Edward Winslow Jr. was a passenger on the Mayflower.
Join: Mayflower Project
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Preceded by
2nd Governor
William Bradford

5th Governor
William Bradford

9th Governor
William Bradford
Edward Winslow
3rd Governor
of Plymouth Colony

1633 —1634
Plymouth Colony Seal
6th Governor
1636—1637
10th Governor
1639—1644
Succeeded by
4th Governor
Thomas Prence

7th Governor
William Bradford

11th Governor
William Bradford

Contents

Biography

Edward Winslow is well known as a passenger on the Mayflower and one of the early leaders of the Plymouth Colony. He served three times as governor of the colony and was an assistant governor on numerous occasions. He was fervent defender of the colonies in New England and made several trips back to England to defend the colonies from opponents and to obtain much needed support. He also wrote a number of publications in defense of the colonies which greatly help our understanding of the settlement of the new world.
He was married twice, first to Elizabeth Barker and then to Susanna Jackson. His second marriage was the first in the newly established colony. He had five known children by his second wife, but only one son and one daughter survived to leave descendants.
In 1655, he was the chief of the three English commissioners whom Cromwell sent on his expedition against the West Indies to advise with its leaders Admiral Venables and Admiral William Penn, but died near Jamaica (Anderson says near Hispaniola) on the 8th of May 1655, aged 59y, 6m, 18d, and was buried at sea.

Birth

Baptized: 20 October 1595 at the parish of St. Peter's in Droitwich, Worcestershire, England.[1][2][3]
He was the son of Edward Winslow and Magdalen Oliver.

Marriages and Children

Married: 1st - Elizabeth Barker shortly after 12 May 1618 when their third marriage banns were published in Leiden, Holland.[4][5][6][7] She was recently shown to be the daughter of Samuel Barker of Chattisham, Suffolk, England.[8] She died testate on 24 Mar 1621 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony.[9] They had no children.
Married: 2nd - Susannah Jackson on 12 May 1621 in Plymouth Colony. She was the widow of Mayflower passenger William White, and a daughter of Richard Jackson.[10] She was last known living on 18 December 1654 when named in the will of her husband.
Children of Edward Winslow and Susannah Jackson:[1]
  1. Unnamed Child, b and d 1622/23.[11]
  2. Edward Winslow. Born about 1624. He was living in 1627, but no further record.
  3. John Winslow. Born about 1626. He was living in 1627, but no further record.
  4. Josiah Winslow. Born after 22 May 1627 (not in cattle division). He married by 1658 Penelope Pelham, dau of Herbert Pelham; in his will of 1 Jan 1672/3 Herbert Pelham makes bequests to "my daughter Penelope Winslow" and "my son Josias Winslow."
  5. Elizabeth Winslow. Born about 1631; She married 1st about 1656 Robert Brooks; married 2nd George Curwin on 22 Sep 1669 in Salem.

Death

Died: 8 May 1655 at sea of a fever on a voyage from Hispaniola to Jamaica. He was buried at sea.[1]
Will: of Edward Winslowe of London, Esquire.[1]
Dated 18 Dec 1654; proved 16 Oct 1655.
"Edward Winslowe of London, Esquire, being now bound in a voyage to sea in service of the commonwealth...
to Josiah my only son [the entire estate] he allowing to my wife a full third part thereof for her life...
to the poor of the Church of Plymuth in New England...
to the poor of Marshfield where the chiefest of my estate lies...
my linent which I carry with me to sea to my daughter Elizabeth...
residue to my son Josias, he giving to each of my brothers a suit of apparell...
son Josias my executor...
my four friends Dr. Edmond Wilson, Mr. John Arthur, Mr. Jmes Shirley, Mr. Richard Floyd overseers for the rest of my personal estate in England...

Notes

English origins and connections
Edward Winslow was baptized in Droitwich, Worcestershire, England. He was the oldest son of Edward Winslow and Magdalene Oliver. Four of his brothers would also immigrate to New England. His brother Gilbert was also a Mayflower passenger. John Winslow arrived the next year on the Fortune in 1621. His brothers Kenelm and Josiah did not arrive until 1631. Margaret, wife of Robert Hicks, is sometimes said to be a sister of these brothers; there is no evidence that this is true and is not accepted.
He attended the King's School of Worcester Cathedral from April 1606 until April 1611. He was subsequently apprenticed to "John Beale, citizen and stationer, for the term of eight years," on 19 August 1613, but left his master in 1617.[1] Shortly thereafter he removed to Leiden and joined the separatist congregation there.
At the time of his marriage in 1618, he was called a printer from London, England. It has been speculated that he assisted William Brewster and Thomas Brewer in their publishing of religious books.[12]
Mayflower Passenger
Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor
by William Halsall, 1882.
After a couple of false starts the Mayflower left Plymouth, England on 6 September 1620 for what was originally planned to be a journey to Virginia. Onboard were 102 passengers, including Edward Winslow. The historic voyage took 66 days, and on 9 November 1620, the Mayflower arrived at Cape Cod (well off-course). A decision was made, however, to remain at Cape Cod for safety rather than attempt to sail south to the area they were supposed to settle by the terms of their patent.
Signing the Mayflower Compact 1620,
by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris, 1899.
Immediately upon arrival some dissension broke out among the colonists. Since they were not settling in the area specified by their patent, some colonists felt they were no longer bound by the laws of England and the terms of the patent. An agreement was drawn up to help establish law, government and social order. The Mayflower Compact was signed while the Mayflower was anchored at Cape Cod (Provincetown Harbor) on 11 November 1620. It was signed by all free adult males and some, but not all, of the servants. Edward Winslow was the third male to sign.
Offices
- Governor of Plymouth Colony. Elected three times on 1 January 1632/3, 5 January 1635/6 and 5 June 1644.
- Assistant Governor of Plymouth Colony. In 1634, 1635, 1637, 1638, 1641, 1642, 1643, 1645, 1647, 1648 and 1650.
Publications
-Bradford, William, 1588-1657; Winslow, Edward, 1595-1655; Dexter, Henry Martyn, 1821-1890, ed. Mourt's Relation or Journal of the Plantation at Plymouth. (London, 1622; Boston, 1865). Archive.org link
- Edward Winslow. Good Newes from New England. (London, 1624). Archive.org link
- Edward Winslow and Howard Miller Chapin ed. Hypocrisie Unmasked; A True Relation of the Proceedings of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts against Samuel Gorton of Rhode Island (1646; reprint Providence, 1916). Archive.org link
- New England's Salamander Discovered. (1647).
- He also wrote the introduction to the Glorious Progress of the Gospel Amongst the Indians in New England. (1649).
A possible royal line
A royal line to Edward III was proposed by John Hunt in 1965; however, this is not completely proven and is not accepted.[13]

Research Notes

The most recent and definitive study of the Winslow family is:
Fraad, Brandon. The Winslow Families of Worcestershire 1400-1700. (Boston: NEHGS, 2008).
This still needs to be checked.
Still need to check:
"Clues to the Ancestry of Winslow of Droitwich" TAG 41 (1965 ):168-175
"Governor Edward Winslow's Mother's Family: The Olivers" TAG 42 (1966): 52-55
"Mayflower Winslows: Yeomen or Gentlemen" by John G. Hunt NEHGR 121 (1967):25-9 and NEHGR 122 (1968):175-8 and 124 (1970):182-3.
Kenneth W. Kirkpatrick; The Loving Cosens, Herbert Pelham, Sir Arthur Hesilrige, and Gov. Edward Winslow; NEHGR; Vol 154 (Jan 2000); pages 79-108. The proposed theory in this article was supposedly disproved by Fladd.

Sources

Footnotes and citations:
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Anderson. The Great Migration Begins, vol. 3: P - W, (1995): pages 2023-2025.
  2. NEHGR, vol. 4 (1850): pages 297-303. "Descendants of Edward Winslow,"
  3. NEHGR, vol. 21 no. 3 (July 1867): pages 209-211. "English Ancestry of the Winslow Family."
  4. Banns were published in Leiden on 28 April, 5 May and 12 May 1618.
  5. First Marriage banns, April 27, 1618 Leiden.
    Index doop-, trouw- en begraafregister | Leiden | Trouwen Gerecht B. juli 1611 - april 1633.Eduwaert Winsloo, 27-04-1618
    Index record:
    Marriage Eduwaert Winsloo and Elysabeth Berkar Leiden: 27-04-1618
    Huwelijksdatum+plaats27-04-1618 LeidenMarriage date + place
    naam bruidegom + beroepEduwaert Winsloo - printername groom +Occupation
    Plaats geboorteLondenPlace of birth
    naam bruidElysabeth Berkarname bride
    Plaats geboorteChatsum in EngelantPlace of birth
    Getuigen bruidegom Jonathan Willemsz Brewster,Ysaack Alanton Witnesses groom
    Getuigen zijnbekenden - acquaintancesWitnesses are
    Getuigen bruidJanneken Phesels, Maria AllertonWitnesses bride
    Getuigen zijn1= nicht -niece, 2=bekende-acquaintanceWitnesses are
    Archief naamSchepenhuwelijkenArchive name
    Archiefnummer1004Archive number
    Inventarisnummer-folio198 - B - 075 Inventorynumber-folio
    Remarks: Tammel (= Pilgrim researcher and archivist) : maiden name second witness -meisjesnaam 2e getuige bruid: Norris. Last name first witness groom added by researcher- Achternaam eerste getuige bruidegom toegevoegd door onderzoeker. Last name niece bride doubtful-Achternaam nicht bruid dubieus.
  6. Source: doop-, trouw- en begraafregister | Leiden | Trouwen Gerecht B. juli 1611 - april 1633. Eduwaert Winsloo, 27-04-1618 :Scan First Marriage Erfgoed Leiden en omstreken
  7. The Mayflower Descendant, vol. 22 (1920): pages 66-67. "Edward Winslow's First Marriage," by Bowman.
  8. NEHGR, vol. 173, no. 1 (winter 2019): pages 5-17. "Mayflower Passenger Elizabeth (Barker) Winslow",
  9. NEHGR, vol. 173 no. 1 (Winter 2019): pages 8-25. "The will of Mayflower Passenger Elizabeth (Barker) Winslow."
  10. The American Genealogist, vol. 89 no. 4 (October 2017): pages 241-264. The Origin of Mayflower Passenger Susanna1 (Jackson) (White) Winslow, by Caleb Johnson, Sue Allen and Simon Neal.
  11. In a letter dated 30 October 1623, Edward Winslow stated "my wife hath had one child by me, but it pleased him that gave it to take it again unto himself."
  12. Caleb Johnson's MayflowerHistory.com website. Biography of Edward Winslow.
  13. The American Genealogist, vol. 41 (1965): pages 168-175. "Clues to the Ancestry of Winslow of Droitwich."
Source list:
  • The American Genealogist, vol. 41 (1965): pages 168-175. "Clues to the Ancestry of Winslow of Droitwich," by John G. Hunt. American Ancestors.org link.
  • The American Genealogist, vol. 42 (1966): pages 52-55. "Governor Edward Winslow's Mother's Family, the Olivers," by John G. Hunt. American Ancestors.org link.
  • The American Genealogist, vol. 89 no. 4 (October 2017): pages 241-264. The Origin of Mayflower Passenger Susanna1 (Jackson) (White) Winslow, by Caleb Johnson, Sue Allen and Simon Neal.
  • Anderson, Robert Charles, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, vol. 3: P - W, (Boston: NEHGS, 1995): pages 2023-2025. American Ancestors.org link.
  • Caleb Johnson's MayflowerHistory.com website. Biography of Edward Winslow.
  • The Mayflower Descendant, vol. 22 (1920): pages 66-67. "Mayflower Marriage Records at Leyden and Amsterdam: Edward Winslow's First Marriage," by George Ernest Bowman. AmericanAncestors.org link.
  • New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 4 no. 4 (October 1850): pages 297-303. "Genealogical Memoir of the Descendants of Edward Winslow, Governor of Plymouth Colony," by Lemuel Shattuck. AmericanAncestors.org link.
  • New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 21 no. 3 (July 1867): pages 209-211. "English Ancestry of the Winslow Family" by William S. Appleton. AmericanAncestors.org link.
  • New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 173 no. 1 (Winter 2019): pages 5-17. "Mayflower Passenger Elizabeth (Barker) Winslow," by Sue Allan, Caleb Johnson and Simon Neal.
  • New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 173 no. 1 (Winter 2019): pages 8-25. "The will of Mayflower Passenger Elizabeth (Barker) Winslow," by Jeremy Dupertuis Bangs.
  • Moore, Jacob Bailey. Lives of the Governors of New Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay. (Boston: C. D. Strong, 1851): pages 93-138.
See also:
  • 2020 AmericanAncestors website: The Pilgrim Migration. Biography of William Winslow.


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On 1 Dec 2019 at 18:12 GMT Ron Campbell wrote:

WikiTree relationship finder " Edward Winslow is 15 Degrees from Ron Campbell (Campbell-25710)

On 24 Nov 2019 at 22:08 GMT Gil Davis wrote:

Winslow, Maine is named for him.

On 28 Oct 2019 at 13:05 GMT Joe Cochoit wrote:

I have begun updating the profile. The old one can be seen here until I make sure all data and appropriate sources have been incorporated.

On 28 Oct 2019 at 06:20 GMT Joe Cochoit wrote:

I will be substantially re-writing this biography, including reorganizing and expanding the biography and updating the references.

A first draft can be seen here if any wish to comment

On 27 Oct 2019 at 15:48 GMT Albertus Robert Casimir (Fuller) Jung wrote:

Lora Altine Woodbury Underhill, Descendants of Edward Small of New England and the Allied Families with Tracings of English Ancestry. Revised Edition. The Riverside Press, Boston and New York, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1934, p. 23. JOHN SMALLEY OF EASTHAM. "John Smalley came over with Edward Winslow in the William and Francis, sailing from London March 9, 1632, and arrived in New England, June 5, 1632."

On 23 Oct 2019 at 21:55 GMT Abby (Brown) Glann wrote:

Hi there profile managers!

We plan on featuring Edward as the Example Profile of the Week in the Connection finder on November 27th. Between now and then is a good time to take a look at the sources and biography to see if there are updates and improvements that need made, especially those that will bring it up to WikiTree Style Guide standards. I will check on the profile closer to the week we'll feature it and make changes as necessary.

Thanks! Abby

On 7 Apr 2018 at 17:44 GMT Joe Cochoit wrote:

William White-12582 is a different person than Mayflower passenger William White-506. He did live in Leiden, and he did marry Anna Fuller (who is not Susanna Jackson). It is important to keep these two different William Whites separate so the mistakes of the past will not be repeated.

On 7 Apr 2018 at 16:39 GMT Christine (Raffo) Zakary wrote:

William White-12582 needs to be disconneced from Anna Fuller as his spouse, and then merge the two William White. It's absurd that considering the expert evidence that now confirms Susanna Jackson as his wife (and mother of Resolved and Perigrene), that Wikitree is reluctant to separate the two. Why and what is the reluctance to follow standard Wikitree protocol regarding disproved spouses and ancestors?

On 6 Apr 2017 at 03:00 GMT Andrea (Stawski) Pack wrote:

On 6 Apr 2017 at 01:32 GMT Andrea (Stawski) Pack wrote:

Edward Jr Winslow-83. and Walter Pack- 530 are first cousins 13 times removed which makes Kenelm Winslow the 13th great grandfather of Walter Pack-530 and Edward Jr's, Kenelm Winslow-86 his grandfather.

more comments

Edward is 16 degrees from Mags Gaulden, 15 degrees from Dennis Wilson and 9 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.